1. Bahasa Inggris SNMPTN – SBMPTN
Text 3 (Question 11-15)
Generally, by people’s own accounts, the public idea of women at home is that they are dull
and boring. And the stereotype of a working woman is of hard, ambitious, selfish creatures. It
is not just that you are either gentle and dull or selfish and interesting. It is that you are either
a good mother or you are an interesting woman.
5 Young women now seem to get a very clear picture that they have got a choice. If
they are going to do mothering well, they have got to pay for it by not being interesting
women. If you are an interesting working woman, you are a bad mother. Lyn Richards puts
the blame for such notions and for resulting family tensions on the failure people to talk
enough about them. The media, too, are guilty. Here is a lot of media coverage of
10 successful career women and still a lot, especially in women's magazines, on the joys of
motherhood. There’s not that much about the trouble of either role and precious little about
combining the roles. Yet half the women who are married in our society are working!
Nor is much thought given to the task of loosening the ties entrapping men. Lyn
Richards, working mother, grateful for the privilege of genuinely choosing and being able
15 to afford the role, criticizes the systematic exclusion of men from 'child rearing and the really
pretty fabulous aspects of having children'. She condemns as ludicrous the idea of the 9 to 5
treadmill of work as an absolute duty for men. 'The sheer irony to me is that the women’s
movement has told women the way to be liberated is to get into _ 20 the 9 to 5 tied work force
that men have been lighting against for a century. Really we should be using changes in
20 women’s values to shake up all the oppression and rigidity that men have been under}.
Indeed, there has been a change. 'The new thing since I married is that it’s normal for
both husband and wife to go on working when they marry. Now marriage isn't a particularly
big deal. Very often it just legalizes something which has been going on anyway and it
certainly doesn’t change a woman’s whole basis of life, her notion of who she is. The real life
25 change is having the first child, when that happens I think that probably most couples are still
reverting to something like the traditional concept of marriage. But the longer people put off
haying a child the more likely it is that they 30 won’t because they have set up a viable life
style. They don't need to have kids now to have a good marriage.'
Not the motherhood and raising families are wholly going out of fashion but rather
30 that people are having smaller families. Consequently, the period in a woman's life when she
is not required to devote herself to mothering is lengthening. “Motherhood - the mother role -
just isn't a very good identity base today,” Lyn Richards says. “Motherhood is a short-term
appointment now. It doesn’t last long”.
1. The expression combining the rolesin ‘...
precious little about combining the roles.’
(line 12) lnthe passage means ...
(A) being either a married or a career
(B) working both in an office and at home.
(C) serving the family and doing office
(D) enjoying motherhood and caring for
(E) having a dual role of mother and
2. The passage mainly deals with women’s ...
(A) alternative role.
(B) social function.
(C) natural interest.
(D) fundamental duty.
(E) main responsibility.
3. A relevant question that can be raised out
of the passage would be ...
(A) what characterizes a good working
(B) how could men and women build
2. (C) what ways are there to keep a family
(D) Why would the role of a woman in
mothering not last long?
(E) what requirements should working
4. Lyn argues that in rearing children in a
family family ...
(A) women’s role should be more
(B) both men and women are equally
(C) men’s role should be put into account.
(D) working women share equal work
(E) men’s role should be excluded.
5. If Lyn is correct,in the future women in
families of younger generations ...
(A) have less children to care for.
(B) make up career individuals.
(C) will be more prosperous.
(D) are more individualistic.
(A) share an equal responsibility.
SNMPTN 2009 Kode Soal: 183
Passage 1 (Questions 16-20)
A new study, published Thursday in Science, makes a strong case that the second theory is the
right one. A team of anthropologists from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary
Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, developed a battery of learning tests they call the Primate
Cognition Test Battery, and gave it to 106 chimps, 105 children and 32 orangutans to
5 compare the groups directly on physical and social learning. Says Esther Hermann, a co-
author of the paper: ”lt’s the first time anything like this has been done.”
The three groups performed about equally well on physical learning-locating
hidden objects, figuring out the source of a noise, understanding the concepts of more and
less, using a stick to get something that’s out of reach. And indeed, the kids were of an age-
/2 years old-where it’s widely known that they do perform about as well as chimps in such
tests. So for example, the scientists would hide a treat of some kind-a toy, or some food-
behind a box, while the test subjects looked on, the kids, chimps and orangutans would have
to be sophisticated enough to know that the object disappearing from view didn’t mean it
stopped existing, and had to be able to figure out where it had gone. All three groups did
equally well at this sort of thing.
6. With reference to the primates in the
experiment, the author mainly deals with
(A) intelligent capacity.
(B) social achievement.
(C) physical performance.
(D) emotional maturity.
(E) cognitive curiosity.
7. The purpose of the study is to ...
(A) examine the physical and social
relationships between some animals
(B) analyze the physical and social ability
between some animals and humans.
(C) describe the behavior of some animals
and humans in the physical and social
(D) see if there is a similarity between
some animals and humans in the
physical and social learning.
(E) explain factors in the physical and
social learning between some animals
8. The expression physical learning in 'The
three groups performed about equally well
on physical learning... ' (line 8) refers to ...
(A) the performance on the Primate
Cognition Test Battery.
(B) the comparison of the subjects’
physical and social performance.
(C) the development of learning tests to
evaluate a theory.
(D) the strong claim to the second
(E) the ability to find the location of a
3. 9. From the passage it can be inferred that
infants of about 2 -3 years of age would
probably generally ...
(A) be unable to perform the tasks for
chimps and orangutans.
(B) know more the concepts 'of simple
calculation than chimps and
(C) have the level of' physical learning
similar to chimps and orangutans.
(D) perform test tasks more poorly than.
adult chimps and orangutans.
(E) be able to do social activities that
normally chimps and orangutans can
10. The paragraph preceding the passage above
is most likely about a description of ...
(A) the psychological test.
(B) the two theories of learning.
(C) the social and physical learning.
(D) mammals and their classification.
(E) the Primate Cognition Test Battery.
Passage 2 (Questions 21-25)
Although this term has not been commonly used to describe health in years past, sustainable
health is a growing movement. Health can be defined as a state of feeling good. The word
sustainability describes the process by which something can keep going. Thus, sustainable
health describes being a state where you feel good not just once but over an extended period
5 of time. Some major areas of interest surrounding sustainable health include: food additives,
animal welfare, biodiversity, community farming, genetic engineering, and pesticides.
Youths are increasingly being exposed to unhealthy diets, including diets that are
high in saturated fats and low in fruits, vegetables, and complex carbohydrates. Probably the
most worrying realities of unhealthy eating practices have been the increased risk of diseases
10 like diabetes, heart failure, malnutrition, and obesity. In 2005 the WHO reported that 400
million out of the 1.6 billion adults who were diagnosed as overweight were simultaneously
diagnosed as obese in both developed and developing countries.
Research studies have shown that educating school-aged children and young people
on healthy and sustainable nutritional habits will increase the likelihood of those children and
15 young people remaining healthy in the future regardless of socio-economic background.
These educational programs not only teach nutrition, but also teach youth how to prepare and
handle food in safe and sustainable ways, achieve a balanced diet with limited resources, and
to decrease their risk of acquiring a nutrition-related disease or disorder. The Theory of
Planned Behavior (TPB) has been used by many research studies on nutrition to predict the
20 factors that affect youth decision-making with regards to eating healthy. A study found that
youth in multicultural low-income community in the United States of America who
participated in a 10-week program significantly improved in nutrition and eating habits. The
success of the nutrition choices, which includes: a nutrition and cooking curriculum that
emphasized culturally diverse foods; participatory learning activities (role-playing),
25 sustainable gardening lessons, in addition to skills to fight racism and poverty discrimination.
TPB model has also been used to help identify the ecological and cultural factors that affect
indigenous youth in the Americas.
11. In the passage above the author mainly
deals with ...
(A) values of being healthy.
(B) ways to healthy lives.
(C) sustainable health.
(D) keeping healthy.
(E) youths’ health.
12. Concerning feed consumption, the author
suspects that young people ...
(A) lack knowledge of types of healthy
(B) tend to consume a lot of junk food.
(C) are unaware of consuming poisonous
4. (D) become the victim of eating harmful
(E) are unfamiliar with the risk of
13. To promote a school’s sustainable health
program, a school principal would probably
encourage everyone in school to ...
(A) have regular health checks.
(B) practice cooking classes.
(C) do sustainable gardening.
(D) put more lessons on health.
(E) hold meeting by nutritionists.
14. A relevant question raised with reference to
the text above would be
(A) Why do most Americans tend to
consume unhealthy meals?
(B) What are the characteristics of
diseases related with malnutrition?
(C) Is unhealthy consumption of meals
related with the types of race?
(D) Does anyone who is healthy always
have a state of thinking stability?
(E) is education on sustainable health
related with eating habits?
15. Concerning diets and health among young
people, there is a need to ...
(A) promote sustainable health for those
(B) educate those between 5-19 of age
about sustainable health.
(C) introduce sustainable health to those
concerned with education.
(D) make young people realize the role of
healthy living in their future.
(E) show the relation between diseases
and socio-economic conditions.
Passage 3 (Questions 26-30)
A difficult problem that the society is facing is the legalization of euthanasia, the act of
causing death painlessly in order to end suffering. People who are in a coma because of
injury to their brains and elderly people who are terminally ill are being kept alive by artificial
means. They do not have a chance to recover, but laws in most states of the United States do
5 not allow doctors to end their lives. Although many people feel that doctors must do
everything possible to keep their patients alive, I believe that euthanasia should be legal for
The first and most important reason to support euthanasia is that some patients who
have no chance to recover do not wish to be kept alive on machine, These patients are kept
10 alive by life-support machines such as respirators to help them breathe and feeding tubes to
provide them with nutrition. A well-known example in the United States is the case of Teri
Schiavo, a young woman who went into a coma in 1990. Mrs. Schiavo was able to breathe on
her own, but her brain was dead. For fifteen years, she was kept alive by a feeding tube. After
eight years of seeking treatment for her condition, her husband asked the court for permission
15 to remove her feeding tube. He said that his wife had told him that she would not want to be
kept alive artificially when there was no hope of recovery. Mrs Schiavo’s parents disagreed
with Mr. Schiavo and fought to keep their daughter alive. After seven years of bitter court
battles, Mr. Schiavo finally won. Doctors removed Mrs Schiavo’s feeding tube, and she soon
died. Clearly, when there is absolutely no hope of recovery, society should allow a person to
20 die if that is her or his wish.
A second reason is that medical costs in the United States were very high. Keeping a
person alive for years requires round-the-clock care in a hospital. According to an
administrator at a local hospital, a daily hospital room charges average $5,000 there. This
high cost can cause serious financial problems for a family
25 The final reason is that the family suffers. Hospital staffs give terminally ill patients
only minimal care. Thus, the family must spend time caring for the special needs of their
loved one. For instance, a cousin of mine who had been in a motorcycle accident was kept on
5. life-support machines for eight years. Someone had to stay with him twenty-four hours a day.
During those years, his parents took turns taking care of him. Other family members tried to
30 help out when they could, but his parents did most of the physical work and suffered most of
the emotional stress. After he finally died, my aunt said, ”Of course, I am sad, but since we all
knew he would eventually die, it might have been better if it had happened right when he had
the accident. These past eight years have been hard.”
To summarize, patients who are either terminally ill or who are in irreversible coma
35 often wish to die. Their care is a financial, physical, and emotional burden for their families.
Therefore, families should have the right to ask doctors to turn off life support machines or to
remove feeding tubes.
16. Concerning euthanasia, the author thinks
(A) it should be legalized in any
(B) the family, not the law, decides if it is
to be performed.
(C) doctors should perform it when the
patient wishes to die.
(D) it should be legalized under certain
(E) it is the answer to relieve a social
burden of the patient’s family.
17. The least important reasons the author
argues is that ...
(A) the patient’s family suffers because of
the hospital staff’s indifference.
(B) doctors and nurses do not really care
about their patients.
(C) when somebody is ill, the family has
to take turns caring for them.
(D) the parents of the terminally ill patient
suffer a lot.
(E) the family suffers the most although
they know the patient will not recover.
18. What does the author’s concern about the
legal form of euthanasia?
(A) the family’s objection.
(B) the family’s rights.
(C) the life of the dying patient.
(B) the patient’s expectation.
(D) the doctor’s expertise.
19. If you agree with the author, what might
happen if someone who has a serious
illness does not have the probability to get
(A) The doctor could remove feeding
(B) The family might refuse the idea of
(C) The doctor would offer to perform
(D) The patient would refuse to be
(E) The patient could ask their right to die
20. The word irreversible in '... who are in an
irreversible coma...' (line 36) means ...
SNMPTN 2010 Kode Soal: 346/744
Text 1 (Questions 31-35)
Scientists are as obsessed with the question of why the super old survive and thrive as Ponce
de Leon was to find the Fountain of Youth. They want to understand why the Japanese islands
of Okinawa are home to the world’s largest population of centenarians with almost 600 of its
1.3 million inhabitants living into their second century, many of them active and looking
5 decades younger than their actual years. Like weekend visitors on the summer ferry to
Martha's Vineyard, scientists and sociologists block the boats to Sardinia and Nova Scotia,
Canada, to see why those craggy locales hide vast clusters of the super old.
As well as studying these populations intensively to unlock their secrets, scientists have also
taken a hard look at the very old In the U.S, most notably In the New England
6. 10 Centenarian Study, led by Dr. Thomas Perls, a geriatrician at Boston University. While the
very old are happy to offer homespun explanations for their longevity “I never took a drink”;
"I drank a shot of whiskey every day", experts are trying to unravel and understand the
biological factors that allow some people to reach 100 while others drop off in their 70s or
80s. Researchers are particularly interested in determining which factors allow up to 30% of
15 those who reach 100 to do so in sufficient mental and physical health, a whopping 90% of
centenarians, according to Perls, remain functionally independent up to age 92.
It is pretty obvious even to nonscientists that how you get there depends partly on
the genes you are born with and partly on lifestyle-what and how much you eat, where
you live and what types of stress and trauma you experience. How much depends on each
20 factor, though, was unknown until Swedish scientists tackled the problem In 1998.They did it
by looking at the only set of people who share genes but not lifestyle: identical twins who
were separated at birth and reared apart. If genes were most important, you would expect the
twins to die at about the same age. in fact, they do not, and the average difference convinced
the scientists that only about 20% to 30% of how long we live is genetically determined. The
dominant factor is lifestyle.
21. The word irreversible in '... who are in an
irreversible coma...' (line 36) means ...
(A) Long -life sapn.
(D) Old age.
(E) Health secrets.
22. According to the information in the
passage,people may ...
(A) reach an old age if their parents do so.
(B) not reach old age unless they live in
areas where it is prevalent.
(C) reach old age if they are brought up
separately from their siblings.
(D) fail to reach an old age unless they are
(E) reach old age if they keep a healthy
23. Which of the following is true about the
information in the text?
(A) Gene quality contributes much more to
(B) Okinawa people look younger at their
(C) All alcoholic drinks decrease life
(D) All of Dr. Perls' subjects are self
(E) Superold people are normally can
24. How is the information of the last
paragraph in the text organized?
(A) Each question is provided with an
(B) Scientific questions are followed by
(C) Scientific questions are presented from
general to specific.
(D) Each study is followed by research
(E) Three related questions are followed
by one finding.
25. Which of the following best expresses the
main idea of the text?
(A) Several biological factors are at work
affecting life span.
(B) Genes and life style are essential for a
(C) Elderly people cluster in particular
parts of the world.
(D) Biological factors influence mental
and physical health.
(E) The population of the elderly people is
Text 2 (Questions 36-40)
Many modern educational experts claim that teaching facts and academic skills is less
important than achieving other social objectives. For some liberals, the schools must first
change attitudes or provide nurturing in place of failed families or help establish equality and
social justice. For some conservatives, the schools must first prepare kids for the workplace
5 by molding them into supple corporate citizens, while others want the focus to be on family
values, a competitive spirit, or other social or behavioral objectives. But the idea of simply
7. educating kids seems to have taken a backseat to-most educational experts and administrators.
They miss the point that kids with real academic skills, especially skills in reading, writing,
and mathematics, are more likely to overcome social barriers, more likely to have genuine
10 self-esteem, and most likely to be genuinely prepared for the challenges of life and the
workplace. By emphasizing so many things besides a genuine, classical education, the
educational establishment tends to sell our kids short and bring about many of the problems
they claim to be solving
Consider the case of Wesley Elementary School in Houston. According to Richard
15 Nadler in the article, ”Failing Grade”, Wesley has all the demographic markers of a school
bound for failure Over 80% of the students qualify for subsidized lunches, and nearly all are
minorities (92% black, 7% Hispanic). Yet it ranks among the best schools of Houston, with
first-graders placing at the 82nd percentile level in reading tests which is 50 points higher
than the expected level for similar at-risk schools.
20 What has made Wesley so successful? The answer is classical education in the form
of Direct Instruction curriculum designed by Siegfried Engelmann, an example of the much
ridiculed "sage-on-the-stage” approach. This Direct Instruction system boosts reading,
writing, and math scores by 30 to 40 percentile points in at-risk schools. Sadly, Engelmann,
like others who successfully challenge popular fads in educational reform, has been rejected
by much of the educational establishment. His success is an embarrassment to them.
8. 26. Which of the following best reflects the author's opinion about schools?
(A) Schools must be able to change the attitude of the students.
(B) Teaching social skills is more important than academic skills.
(C) Teaching academic skills is somehow contemporary.
(D) Teaching academic skills is more important than social skills.
(E) Teaching social skills should use conventional methods.
27. The second paragraph is related to the first paragraph in which the second paragraph presents ...
(A) an elaboration of purposes of an effective school.
(B) a discussion on the requirements for the good school.
(C) a real example rather than an opinion of good schooling.
(D) an illustration to support the opinions on school subjects.
(E) evidence in favor of the value of social objectives.
28. From the second paragraph, it can be inferred that ...
(A) the students at Wesley are mostly colored.
(B) the students at Wesley are from the haves.
(C) the colored students usually perform better.
(D) Wesley is a successfulprestigious school.
(E) Wesley curr’cu um is adapted by other schools.
29. In writing the text, the writer could be best described as ...
30. Given that the baseline score in reading is 23 percentile points, which of the following most likely
reflects the maximum impact of Direct Instruction on the students’ learning achievement in Wesley