Anatomy Introduction.ppt

Human Anatomy
Introduction
What is Anatomy?
• Study of the STRUCTURE of the Human
Body
• Closely related to PHYSIOLOGY!
• Physiology is the study of the FUNCTION
of the human body
Divisions of Anatomy
• Gross Anatomy
• Structures that can be
seen with the eye
• Muscles, bones,
various organs
• Microscopic Anatomy
• Structures that cannot
be seen with the eye
• Need to use a
microscope
• Cytology = study of
cells
• Histology = study of
tissues
What are you made of ?
Ways to Study Anatomy
• Regional Anatomy – study one region of
the body at a time and learn everything
about the region
• Systemic Anatomy – study one body
system at a time. This is the approach we
will use in this course
Anatomical Organization
• Cells
• Tissues
• Organs
• Organ Systems
• Organism
Anatomy Introduction.ppt
Organ Systems
• 1. Integument
• 2. Skeletal
• 3. Muscular
• 4. Nervous
• 5. Endocrine
• 6. Cardiovascular
• 7. Lymphatic
• 8. Respiratory
• 9. Digestive
• 10. Urinary
• 11. Reproductive
Anatomy Introduction.ppt
Anatomy Introduction.ppt
Anatomy Introduction.ppt
Four-footed body directions
Planes and Sections
• Sagittal section – divides the body into
right and left sides
– Mid-sagittal section = straight down the center
of the body
• Frontal section – divides the body into
front and back sides
• Transverse (cross) section – cut straight
across the body
Planes and Sections
Body Cavities
Body Cavities
Anatomy Introduction.ppt
Body Quadrants
• Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ)
• Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)
• Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)
• Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)
Anatomy Introduction.ppt
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Anatomy Introduction.ppt

  • 2. What is Anatomy? • Study of the STRUCTURE of the Human Body • Closely related to PHYSIOLOGY! • Physiology is the study of the FUNCTION of the human body
  • 3. Divisions of Anatomy • Gross Anatomy • Structures that can be seen with the eye • Muscles, bones, various organs • Microscopic Anatomy • Structures that cannot be seen with the eye • Need to use a microscope • Cytology = study of cells • Histology = study of tissues
  • 4. What are you made of ?
  • 5. Ways to Study Anatomy • Regional Anatomy – study one region of the body at a time and learn everything about the region • Systemic Anatomy – study one body system at a time. This is the approach we will use in this course
  • 6. Anatomical Organization • Cells • Tissues • Organs • Organ Systems • Organism
  • 8. Organ Systems • 1. Integument • 2. Skeletal • 3. Muscular • 4. Nervous • 5. Endocrine • 6. Cardiovascular • 7. Lymphatic • 8. Respiratory • 9. Digestive • 10. Urinary • 11. Reproductive
  • 13. Planes and Sections • Sagittal section – divides the body into right and left sides – Mid-sagittal section = straight down the center of the body • Frontal section – divides the body into front and back sides • Transverse (cross) section – cut straight across the body
  • 18. Body Quadrants • Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ) • Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ) • Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ) • Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)