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Teachers can learn how to embed Open Educational Resources, (OER) into your online learning management system (LMS). This improves easy access for your students.

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  1. 1. EMBEDDING OER INTO YOUR LMS WITH ACCESSIBILITY & UDL BEST PRACTICES TRAILS Webinar October 21, 2020 *This webinar is being recorded
  2. 2. Your Presenters Meghan Salsbury Instructional Technology Librarian Jacqueline L. Frank Instruction & Accessibility Librarian
  3. 3. Outline  OER Introduction  OER formats & accessibility considerations  Live Example: Embedding OER into LMS  Universal Design for Learning (UDL) Best Practices  Live example: UDL in action
  4. 4. Introduction to OER
  5. 5. Introduction to OER UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization • 2002 (UNESCO) forum • Goal was “to develop together a universal educational resource available for the whole of humanity.” • Created the term “open educational resources” • Open content, open educational resources, and open textbooks are all terms for this open content
  6. 6. UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Open Educational Resources (OERs) are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video and animation. WHAT are OER?
  7. 7. Why use OER? Increasing cost of college textbooks • Between 2011-12 and 2016-17, published tuition and fee prices rose by 9% in the public four-year sector • Board of Labor Statistics - “from January 2006 to July 2016, the Consumer Price Index for college tuition and fees increased 63 percent, compared with an increase of 21 percent for all items. Over that period, consumer prices for college textbooks increased 88 percent and housing at school (excluding board) increased 51 percent.” • 65% of students reported they did not purchase textbooks because of the high price The College Board. (2017). Tuition and fees and room and board over time, 1976-77 to 2016-17, selected years. Trends in Higher Education. U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (2016). College tuition and fees increase 63 percent since January 2006. The Economics Daily.
  8. 8. WHY use OER? Increase student success through access • Students who enrolled in courses utilizing OER performed as well as or better than their peers using traditional course materials • Study found a positive relationship between the use of OER and student performance in an online history course • Researchers found that students in courses that used OER more frequently had better grades and lower failure and withdrawal rates than their counterparts in courses that did not use OER Feldstein, A., Martin, M., Hudson, A., Warren, K., Hilton, J., & Wiley, D. (2012). Open textbooks and increased student access and outcomes. European Journal of Open, Distance and E–Learning. Fischer, L., Hilton III, J., Robinson, T.J., & Wiley, D. (2015) A multi-institutional study of the impact of open textbook adoption on the learning outcomes of postsecondary students. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 27(3), 159-172. doi:10.1007/s12528015-9101-x Grewe, K. & Davis, W.P. (2017). The impact of enrollment in an OER course on student learning outcomes. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(4), 231-238. Retrieved from
  9. 9. OER Formats Types of CC Licenses
  10. 10. OER Formats & Accessibility Considerations  Choosing accessible resources & file formats  Access as success  Accessibility benefits everyone  Offering multiple formats is best  Example OER with multiple formats 19% Undergraduates with a disability (NCES)
  11. 11. OER Formats  Text based documents: Textbooks Curricula Syllabi lecture notes  Multi-media Audio Video Animation  Course elements (Text-based or Multi-media)  Assignments  Tests  Projects
  12. 12. Common OER File Formats  EPUB - Short for electronic publication; e-book file format  HTML - HTML is the standard markup language for creating websites XHTML - in family of XML markup languages & extends versions of HTML  Mobi - e-book file format  Open Document Format (ODF) - XML-based file format for office applications, including spreadsheets, presentations, and word processing documents  PDF - Portable document format; developed by Adobe to present documents in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.  Audio/Visual – Images, videos, and audio files can also be OER Text Based docs can be also be printed!
  13. 13. OER Formats: PDF Portable document format, independent of application software, hardware, and OS POSITIVES  Maintains original visual layout  Available offline  Good for printing  Save from Word, or Google Drive NEGATIVES  Pages don’t resize or reflow  Can’t enlarge text size without zooming  Hard to make accessible, and still might not meet user needs  Often more difficulty with screen readers UNDERSTANDING DOCUMENT ACCESSIBILITY
  14. 14. OER Formats: HTML Standard markup language for creating websites POSITIVES  HTML is preferred over PDF for accessibility  Reflowable  Change font size text & color contrast  Supports vector images, metadata, and CSS styling.  Save Google Docs as HTML NEGATIVES  To get offline access, files must be downloaded and saved as HTML files  This is unintuitive, as HTML is mostly accessed and viewed online  Only Modern browsers support HTML5 Advantages of HTML; HTML5 Advantages/Disadvantages
  15. 15. OER Formats: EPUB Short for electronic publication; e-book file format POSITIVES  Reflowable  Change font size text & color contrast  Supports vector images, metadata, and CSS styling.  Page bookmarking  Passage highlighting and notes  Save Google Docs as EPUB NEGATIVES  Multiple columns not supported  Tables may not format correctly  Images may not display properly on monochrome devices  Footnotes not supported The epub format: advantages and limitations
  16. 16. OER Formats: Open Document Format (ODF) XML-based file format for office applications, including spreadsheets, presentations, and word docs POSITIVES  Portable document type, independent of device or OS  Smaller file size  International support  Save from Word or Google Docs NEGATIVES  Documents will not always look the same when users view them, however the document will open with whatever program you use Key Features of ODF
  17. 17. OER Formats: Audio/Visual Content ACCESSIBILITY BEST PRACTICES TO LOOK FOR:  Images have alt-text  Videos have closed captions and transcripts  Audio has transcripts MSU Library Accessibly & Instruction Guide
  18. 18. Audience Poll What LMS does your campus use?
  19. 19. Live Example: Embedding OER into LMS
  20. 20. UDL Best Practices design-ideas/universal-design-for-learning/
  21. 21. UDL Best Practices  CAST Guidelines  “Universal design for learning (UDL) is a framework to improve and optimize teaching and learning for all people.” –CAST  Engagement “Stimulate interest and motivation for learning.  Representation “Present information and content in different ways.”  Action & Expression “Differentiate the ways that students can express what they know.” (CAST UDL Framework)
  22. 22. UDL Best Practices, cont.  Engagement  Involve learners in setting their own academic goals  Allow learners to participate in the design of assignments & activities  Facilitate self-reflection  Representation  Offer alternatives for audio/visual information: captions & transcripts  Promote understanding across languages: avoid jargon, acronyms, & abbreviations  Action & Expression  Optimize access to assistive technologies: Provide OER with Multiple formats  Provide Options: Let students choose the format of their assignments *notacompletelist;fora full list,see (CAST UDL Framework)
  23. 23. Live Example: UDL in Action
  24. 24. Resources Designed by Wannapik
  25. 25. Resources  OER Commons  Open Course Library  Open Textbook Library  OpenStax  MERLOT II  Open Educational Resources (OER) at Montana State University  MSU Library Instruction & Accessibility Guide  Remote/Online Teaching Help
  26. 26. Questions
  27. 27. UDL Slides Check  Minimum 24 sans serif font​  Use of bullets/numbers for lists​  Correct reading order​  Sufficient color contrast ​  Plain language​  Alt-text for images​  Descriptive links