Arthur Hughes
Jefferson Yactayo
2016 – 2017
Assessment and Foreign Language Teaching According
to the Common European Fram...
I. Introduction
II. Varieties of cloze procedure
I. Selected deletion cloze
II. Conversational cloze
III.Advice on creatin...
To measure overall
ability is needed a
test with a number of
different components
reading grammar
listenin
g
vocabular
y
F...
The cloze procedure reduces redundancy.
It is usually to delete a word every seven
words.
Objective: to provide a measure of the
underlying abilities, its content validity
deriving from the fact that the deletion...
Results of early research would be a reliable and
valid test of candidate´s underlying language
abilities.
Unfortunately, ...
The fact that deletion of every nth word almost
always produces problematic items (impossible to
predict the missing words...
These deletions were chosen to provide
“interesting“ items.
Native speakers could be expected to provide
acceptable respon...
B) Conversational cloze
It is used to reflect (and hopefully
predict) oral as well as written ability.
B) Conversational cloze
B) Conversational cloze
This “conversational cloze“ passage turned out
to be a reasonable predictor of the oral ability
of...
C) Advice on creating cloze type
passages
1. Appropriate level of difficulty.
2. Aprropriate style to the kind of language...
D) Mini-cloze items
This is an item that represents a brief exchange
between two or more people, with just one gap.
D) Mini-cloze items
We can cover just the structures and vocabulary
that we want to, and include whatever features
of spok...
This is a variety of cloze.
Instead of whole words, it is the second half of
every second word that is deleted.
Advantage: exact scoring is neccesary (native
speakers effectively scoring 100 per cent) and
shorter passages are possible...
A) Dictation
Dictation was usual in the 1960s.
At the end of the decade it was challenged.
Examination on dictation tests ...
A) Dictation
Advantage: in predicting overall ability
listening ability is evolved. It was easy to
create, not to score.
O...
B) Mini-partial dictation items
Dictation has the same disadvantage as cloze:
the passage determines the limits of what ca...
Any method presented provide a general estimate
of people´s overall language ability.
Because of the considerable recent i...
Testing Overall Ability - Presentation Jefferson Yactayo
Próxima SlideShare
Cargando en…5
×

Testing Overall Ability - Presentation Jefferson Yactayo

149 visualizaciones

Publicado el

Testing Overall Ability - Presentation Jefferson Yactayo

Publicado en: Educación
  • Sé el primero en comentar

  • Sé el primero en recomendar esto

Testing Overall Ability - Presentation Jefferson Yactayo

  1. 1. Arthur Hughes Jefferson Yactayo 2016 – 2017 Assessment and Foreign Language Teaching According to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
  2. 2. I. Introduction II. Varieties of cloze procedure I. Selected deletion cloze II. Conversational cloze III.Advice on creating cloze type passages IV.Mini-cloze items III.The C-Test I. Dictation II. Mini-partial dictation items IV.Conclusion
  3. 3. To measure overall ability is needed a test with a number of different components reading grammar listenin g vocabular y Final score This type of test is hardly economical. The notion of overall ability is related to the idea that someone can be good at a language Techniques based on the idea of reduced redundancy.
  4. 4. The cloze procedure reduces redundancy. It is usually to delete a word every seven words.
  5. 5. Objective: to provide a measure of the underlying abilities, its content validity deriving from the fact that the deletion of every nth word meant a representative sample of the text that was obtained. Cloze tests were easy to construct, administer and score.
  6. 6. Results of early research would be a reliable and valid test of candidate´s underlying language abilities. Unfortunately, cloze could not deliver all that was promised. Different passages, different results. The context showed that it rarely extended far from the gap. Different results: Native speakers between students. The validity of the procedure was thus brought into question.
  7. 7. The fact that deletion of every nth word almost always produces problematic items (impossible to predict the missing words). There is need to select the words to delete, from the outset. A) Selected deletion cloze
  8. 8. These deletions were chosen to provide “interesting“ items. Native speakers could be expected to provide acceptable responses to all of the items. Acceptable responses are limited in number. Scores on cloze passages of this kind in the Cambridge Proficiency Examination have correlated very highly with performance on the test as a whole. A) Selected deletion cloze
  9. 9. B) Conversational cloze It is used to reflect (and hopefully predict) oral as well as written ability.
  10. 10. B) Conversational cloze
  11. 11. B) Conversational cloze This “conversational cloze“ passage turned out to be a reasonable predictor of the oral ability of overseas students who had already been in Britian for some time. It suggests that we should base cloze tests on passages that reflect the kind of language that is relevant for the overall ability we are interested in.
  12. 12. C) Advice on creating cloze type passages 1. Appropriate level of difficulty. 2. Aprropriate style to the kind of language ability being tested. 3. Pseudo-random method of deletion. 4. The passage should be tried out on a good number of comparable native speakers and the range of acceptable responses determined. 5. Clear instructions should be advised. 6. The layout of the second test (Ecology) facilitates scoring. 7. People to be tested should have several opportunities to become familiar with the technique.
  13. 13. D) Mini-cloze items This is an item that represents a brief exchange between two or more people, with just one gap.
  14. 14. D) Mini-cloze items We can cover just the structures and vocabulary that we want to, and include whatever features of spoken language are relevant for our purpose. Disadvantage: the context is very restricted.
  15. 15. This is a variety of cloze. Instead of whole words, it is the second half of every second word that is deleted.
  16. 16. Advantage: exact scoring is neccesary (native speakers effectively scoring 100 per cent) and shorter passages are possible. Disadvantage: it is harder to read than a cloze passage, and correct responses can often be found in the surrounding text.
  17. 17. A) Dictation Dictation was usual in the 1960s. At the end of the decade it was challenged. Examination on dictation tests made it clear that words and word order were not really given; the candidate heard only a stream of sound which had to be decoded into a succesion of words, stored, and recreated on paper.
  18. 18. A) Dictation Advantage: in predicting overall ability listening ability is evolved. It was easy to create, not to score. Oller recommends that the score should be the number of words appearing in their original sequence. It works quite well when performance is reasonably accurate, but it is time-consuming.
  19. 19. B) Mini-partial dictation items Dictation has the same disadvantage as cloze: the passage determines the limits of what can be tested.
  20. 20. Any method presented provide a general estimate of people´s overall language ability. Because of the considerable recent interest in cloze and ist common use as a learning exercise in its usual multi-item format, it may be most obvious choice. Simple gap filling methods (“mini-cloze“ and “mini-partial-dictation“) will give results at least as good as those of any other method.

×