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Geography of the philippines.pptxjjkkk

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Geography of the philippines.pptxjjkkk

  1. 1. Geography of the Philippines Prepared by: Jerlie Mae C. Lofranco
  2. 2. Philippine Map
  3. 3. Continent Asia Region Southeast Asia Coordinates 13°00'N 122°00'E Area Ranked 64th • Total 300,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi) • Land 99.38% • Water 0.62% Demographic Profile
  4. 4. Coastline 36,289 km (22,549 mi) Borders None Highest point Mount Apo 2,954 m (9,691 ft) Lowest point Galathea Depth 10,540 m/34,580 ft (sea level) Longest river Cagayan River Largest lake Laguna de Bay
  5. 5. population 92,337,852(2010) 12th populous (2012) country in the world 81 provinces 17th largest island of the world Luzon 19th largest Island of the world Mindanao
  6. 6. The Philippines is an archipelago that consist 7,107 islands with a total land area of 300,000 square kilometers (115,831 sq mi). The 11 largest islands contain 94% of the total land area. The largest of these islands is Luzon at about 105,000 square kilometers (40,541 sq mi). The next largest island is Mindanao at about 95,000 square kilometers (36,680 sq mi). The archipelago is around 800 kilometers (500 mi) from the Asian mainland and is located between Taiwan and Borneo.
  7. 7. The islands are divided into three groups: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The Luzon islands include Luzon Island itself, Palawan, Mindoro, Marinduque, Masbate and Batanes Islands. The Visayas is the group of islands in the central Philippines, the largest of which are: Panay, Negros, Cebu, Bohol, Leyte and Samar. The Mindanao islands include Mindanao itself, plus the Sulu Archipelago, composed primarily of Basilan, Sulu Island, and Tawi-Tawi.
  8. 8. Physical Settings The Philippines occupies an area that stretches for 1,850 kilometers (1,150 mi) from about the fifth to the twentieth parallels north latitude.
  9. 9. The rain forests also offer prime habitat for more than 500 species of birds, including the Philippine eagle (or monkey- eating eagle), some 800 species of orchids, and some 8,500 species of flowering plants.
  10. 10. Laguna de Bay, east of Manila Bay, is the largest freshwater lake in the Philippines. Several rivers have been harnessed for hydroelectric power.
  11. 11. Political Geography  The Philippines is divided into a hierarchy of local government units (LGUs) with the 80 provinces as the primary unit.  Provinces are further subdivided into cities and municipalities, which are in turn composed of barangays.  The barangay is the smallest local government unit.
  12. 12.  The Philippines is divided into 17 regions with all provinces grouped into one of 16 regions for administrative convenience. The National Capital Region however, is divided into four special districts.  The regions themselves do not possess a separate local government, with the exception of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.
  13. 13. Short Name Full name Regional center NCR NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION MANILA CITY CAR CORDILLERA ADMINISTRATIVE REGION BAGUIO CITY REGION I ILOCOS REGION SAN FERNANDO CITY, LA UNION REGION II CAGAYAN VALLEY TUGUEGARAO CITY REGION III CENTRAL LUZON SAN FERNANDO CITY,PAMPANGA REGION IV-A CALABARZON CALAMBA, LAGUNA REGION IV-B MIMAROPA CALAPA REGION V BICOL REGION LEGAZPI CITY REGION VI WESTERN VISAYAS ILOILO CITY REGION VII CENTRAL VISAYAS CEBU CITY REGION VIII EASTERN VISAYAS TACLOBAN CITY REGION IX ZAMBOANGA PENINSULA PAGADIAN CITY REGION X NORTHERN MINDANAO CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY REGION XI DAVAO REGION DAVAO CITY REGION XII SOCCSKSARGEN KORONADAL CITY REGION XIII CARAGA REGION BUTUAN CITY ARMM AUTONOMOUS REGION IN MUSLIM MIDANAO COTABATO CITY
  14. 14. Ilocos Region (Region I) Bangui Windmills
  15. 15. Bojedor Lighthouse Marcos Residence Marcos Museum Basilica Minore of Our Lady of Charity
  16. 16. Cagayan Valley (Region II) Callao Cave
  17. 17. Mt. Pulag – Countries’ second highest peak Calimudinan Falls Sta. Margarita, Baggao, Cagayan
  18. 18. Central Luzon (Region III) Dambana ng Kagitingan
  19. 19. Angat dam Mt.Pinatubo Pantabangan Dam Barasoain church
  20. 20. CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
  21. 21. This artificial reef, located approximately 60 ft. deep in Calatagan, Batangas
  22. 22. MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)
  23. 23. Palawan
  24. 24. Bicol Region (Region V) Mayon volcano
  25. 25. Western Visayas (Region VI)
  26. 26. Antique Igang Cave - Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Museum
  27. 27. Central Visayas (Region VII)
  28. 28. Mactan Island Lapu-lapu Magellans cross Virgin Beach Resort Siquijor
  29. 29. Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
  30. 30. Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)
  31. 31. Northern Mindanao (Region X)
  32. 32. Davao Region (Region XI)
  33. 33. Soccsksargen (Region XII)
  34. 34. Caraga (Region XIII)
  35. 35. Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
  36. 36. National Capital Region (NCR; Metro Manila)
  37. 37. List of Provinces
  38. 38.  Abra  Agusan del Norte  Agusan del Sur  Aklan  Albay  Antique  Apayao  Aurora  Basilan  Bataan  Batanes  Batangas  Benguet  Biliran  Bohol  Bukidnon  Bulacan  Cagayan  Camarines Norte  Camarines Sur  Camiguin  Capiz  Catanduanes  Cavite  Cebu  Compostela Valley  Cotabato  Davao del Norte  Davao del Sur  Davao Occidental  Davao Oriental  Dinagat Islands  Eastern Samar  Guimaras  Ifugao  Ilocos Norte  Ilocos Sur  Iloilo  Isabela  Kalinga  La Union  Laguna
  39. 39.  Lanao del Norte  Lanao del Sur  Leyte  Maguindanao  Marinduque  Masbate  Misamis Occidental  Misamis Oriental  Mountain Province  Negros Occidental  Negros Oriental  Northern Samar  Nueva Ecija  Nueva Vizcaya  Occidental Mindoro  Oriental Mindoro  Palawan  Pampanga  Pangasinan  Quezon  Quirino  Rizal  Romblon  Samar  Sarangani  Siquijor  Sorsogon  South Cotabato  Southern Leyte  Sultan Kudarat  Sulu  Surigao del Norte  Surigao del Sur  Tarlac  Tawi-Tawi  Zambales  Zamboanga del Norte  Zamboanga del Sur  Zamboanga Sibugay
  40. 40. List of landlocked provinces in the Philippines A landlocked province is one that has no coastline, meaning no access to sea or ocean. There are 16 landlocked provinces in the Philippines:
  41. 41. All provinces of Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR): Apayao, Abra, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Benguet
  42. 42. Two provinces of Cagayan Valley (Region II): Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino
  43. 43. Two provinces of Central Luzon (Region III): Nueva Ecija and Tarlac
  44. 44. Three provinces of Mindanao: Bukidnon of Northern Mindanao (Region X) South Cotabato of SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII) Agusan del Sur of Caraga (Region XIII)
  45. 45. List of island provinces in the Philippines An island province completely surrounded by water, is the opposite of a landlocked one. There are 16 island provinces in the Philippines:
  46. 46. One province of Cagayan Valley (Region II): Batanes
  47. 47. Three provinces of MIMAROPA (Region IV- B): Marinduque, Romblon, and Palawan
  48. 48. Two provinces of Bicol (RegionV): Catanduanes and Masbate
  49. 49. One province of Western Visayas (Region VI): Guimaras
  50. 50. Three provinces of Central Visayas (Region VII): Cebu, Bohol and Siquijor
  51. 51. One province of Eastern Visayas (Region VIII): Biliran
  52. 52. One province of Northern Mindanao (Region X): Camiguin
  53. 53. One province of Caraga (Region XIII): Dinagat Islands
  54. 54. Three provinces of Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM): Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi
  55. 55. Geographic center The island province of Marinduque prides itself as being the geographic center of the Philippines.
  56. 56. The extreme points under Philippine control as of 2010 are: Direction Location Coordinates Latitude (N) Longitude (E) North Amianan Island, Batanes 21º7’18.41" 121º56’48.79" East Pusan Point, Davao Oriental[a] 7º17’19.80" 126º36’18.26" South Frances Reef, Tawi-Tawi 4º24’53.84" 119º14’50.71" West Thitu Island[b] , Kalayaan, Palawan 11°3’10.19" 114°16’54.66"
  57. 57. Climate
  58. 58. The Philippines has a tropical wet climate dominated by a rainy season and a dry season. The summer monsoon brings heavy rains to most of the archipelago from May to October, whereas the winter monsoon brings cooler and drier air from December to February.
  59. 59. The Philippines is prone to about 6-9 storms which make landfall each year, on average. The 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption also damaged much of Central Luzon, the lahar burying towns and farmland, and the ashes affecting global temperatures.
  60. 60. Terrain The islands are volcanic in origin, being part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, and are mostly mountainous.
  61. 61. The Philippine Archipelago is geologically part of the Philippine Mobile Belt located between the Philippine Sea Plate, the South China Sea Basin of the Eurasian Plate, and the Sunda Plate.
  62. 62. The highest point in the country is the peak ofMount Apo in Mindanao, which is 2,954 meters (9,692 ft) above sea level. The second highest point can be found on Luzon at Mount Pulog, a peak 2,842 meters (9,324 ft) above sea level.
  63. 63.  The Philippine Trench (also called the Mindanao Trench) is a submarine trench 1,320 kilometers (820 mi) in length found directly east of the Philippine Mobile Belt and is the result of a collision of tectonic plates.  Its deepest point, the Galathea Depth, has a depth of 10,540 meters (34,580 ft). The Philippine Fault System consists of a series of seismic faults that produce several earthquakes per year, most of which are not felt.
  64. 64. Mount Mayon has the world's most perfectly-shaped cone. It has a violent history of 47 eruptions since 1616 and another violent eruption is currently feared. Taal Volcano, also located on Luzon, is one of the Decade Volcanoes.
  65. 65. The longest river is the Cagayan River or Rio Grande de Cagayan in northern Luzon measuring 354 kilometers. In Mindanao, the longest river is the Rio Grande de Mindanao or Mindanao River
  66. 66. Most of the islands used to be covered by tropical rainforests.
  67. 67. Luzon The Batanes and Babuyan Islands are found on the Luzon Strait north of the Philippines facing Taiwan. It contains the northernmost point of land, the islet of Y'Ami in the Batanes Islands, separated from Taiwan by the Bashi Channel (c.80.4672 kilometers (50.0000 mi) wide).
  68. 68. Western Luzon  This region stretches from Mairaira Point in Pagudpud, Ilocos Norte in the north to Cochinos Point in Mariveles, Bataan in the south.  The terrain ranges from coastal plains to rugged mountains bordered by the South China Sea in the west and the Cordillera Central and Zambales mountain ranges in the east.  Western Luzon is known for its beaches, surf spots and historic towns.
  69. 69. Cagayan Valley is a region of the Philippines, also designated as Region II or Region 02. It is composed of five provinces, namely: Batanes with Basco as the capital, Cagayan, Tuguegarao City as the capital, Isabela considered to be the heart of the region with Ilagan City as the capital, Nueva Vizcaya with Bayombong as the capital, and Quirino with Cabarroguis as the capital. It has four cities; Cauayan and Ilagan City in Isabela, its regional center - Tuguegarao City in Cagayan, and its commercial center - Santiago City in Isabela.
  70. 70. Cordilleras and Caraballos The Cordilleras and Caraballos, together with the Sierra Madre Range, form the main mountain system in Northern Luzon. The Cordilleras consists of 2, sometimes 3, mountain ranges that are found in northwestern central Luzon.
  71. 71. Sierra Madre range The Sierra Madre range is the longest mountain range in the Philippines and lies in the Northeastern part of Luzon Island.
  72. 72. Central Luzon plains The largest plain in the country and produces most of the country's rice supply, earning itself the nickname "Rice Bowl of the Philippines". Its provinces are: Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, and Zambales.
  73. 73. Manila-Calabarzon plains  This region is where the capital of the Philippines is located.  In the Northern part of the region, that is, Manila and Rizal, most of the plain has been converted into cities, and are thus industrialized.  The plain harbors the largest inland freshwater lake in Southeast Asia, the Laguna de Bay
  74. 74. Mindoro coastal plains Mindoro's coastal plains are characterized by rice and corn fields, rivers, beaches, and extensive open space areas. The endangered tamaraw, or Mindoro dwarf buffalo, is located on Mindoro.
  75. 75. PALAWAN Kalayaan islands (Spratly Islands) The Kalayaan islands are located to the west of Palawan. "Kalayaan" is a Filipino word meaning "freedom".
  76. 76. MINDANAO It is the second largest island in the country at 94,630 sq. mi. Zamboanga Peninsula has a very mountainous terrain. The chain of mountain ranges in this region is called Zamboanga Cordilleras. The highest mountain in these ranges is Mt. Dapi, which is 2,617 meters (8,586 ft) high.
  77. 77. Bukidnon-Lanao plateaus The plateaus are located in the north-central portion of Mindanao. They are extensive flatlands around the height of 1,300 meters (4,300 ft) above sea level.
  78. 78. STATISTICS Area Total: 300,000 square kilometres (115,831 sq mi) Land: 298,170 square kilometres (115,124 sq mi) Water: 1,830 square kilometres (707 sq mi) The information is taken from CIA Factbook information for the Philippines.
  79. 79. Natural resources Timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper, silver Land use Arable land: 19% Permanent crops: 16.67% Other: 64.33% (2005)
  80. 80. Irrigated land 15,500 square kilometers (5,985 sq mi) (2003) Natural hazards The Philippines sit astride typhoon belt and are usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis.
  81. 81. Environment - current issues Uncontrolled deforestation in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in Manila; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps which are important fish breeding grounds; severe water pollution that caused the death of one of the country's major rivers, though there are ongoing efforts at resuscitation.
  82. 82. Typhoon Haiyan in November 2013 caused major problems.
  83. 83. Environment - international agreements Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
  84. 84. Largest cities and towns
  85. 85. CAR (Cordillera Administrative Region) • CROPS – Banana, Coffee, Corn, Palay, Potato, Sweet Potato • MINERALS – Gold, Silver, Copper • MINING TEXTILES & FURNITURE • HANDICRAFTS & FURNITURES REGION 1 (Ilocos Region) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Banana, Mango, Tomato, Tobacco, Coconut • FOOD PROCESSING • MASS TRANSPORATATION OPERATION • AQUA CULTURE • MINING
  86. 86. REGION 2 (Cagayan Valley) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Sugarcane, Tomato, Peanut, Coffee, Coconut, Sweet Potato • MINING • MILLING • MACHIENERIES • FOOD PROCESSING REGION 3 (Central Luzon) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Banana, Mango, Tomato, Tobacco, Coconut • FOOD PROCESSING • MASS TRANSPORATATION OPERATION • AQUA CULTURE • MINING
  87. 87. REGION 4.A (CALABARZON) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Banana, Mango, Coffee, Coconut, Sweet Potato, Pineapple • FOOD PROCESSING • MACHINERIES • TEXTILES & GARMENTS • HANDICRAFTS & FURNITURES • AQUA CULTURE • TOURISM • MINERALS – Gold, Silver, Copper, Nickel REGION 4.B (MIMAROPA) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Mango, Banana, Coffee, Coconut, Sweet Potato, Pineapple • FOOD PROCESSING • MINING & QUARRYING • NATURAL GAS • HANDICRAFTS & FURNITURES • AQUA CULTURE • TOURISM • MINERALS - Gold, Silver, copper, Nickel
  88. 88. NCR ( National Capital Region) • CROPS – Palay, Mango, Coffee, Coconut, Corn, Banana • FOOD PROCESSING • MASS TRANSPORTATION OPERATION • TOURISM • MACHINERIES • TEXTILES & GARMENTS • HANDICRAFTS & FURNITURES Region 5 ( Bicol Region) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Banana, Jackfruit, Coconut, Pineapple • FOOD PROCESSING • MINING • AQUA CULTURE • MINERALS - Gold, Silver, Chromite
  89. 89. REGION 6 (Western Visayas) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Coconut, Banana, Sugarcane • FOOD PROCESSING • TOURISM • MILLING • AQUA CULTURE REGION 7 ( Central Visayas) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Banana, Coconut, Sugarcane, Sweet Potato • FOOD PROCESSING • TOURISM • MILLING • AQUA CULTURE • MINERALS – Gold, Silver, Copper, Manganese
  90. 90. REGION 8 ( Eastern Visayas) • CROPS – Palay, corn, Coconut, Jackfruit, Sweet Potato • AQUA CULTURE • ENERGY RELATED • MINING • MINERALS - Chromite REGION 9 (Zamboanga Peninsula) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Coconut, Coffee, Banana • FOOD PROCESSING • MINING • MILLING • MASS TRANSFORMATION OPERATION • MINERALS - Chromite
  91. 91. REGION 10 ( Northern Mindanao) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Banana, Sugarcane, Coconut, Pineapple • FOOD PROCESSING • TOURISM • MILLING • AQUA CULTURE • MINERALS – Chromite, Manganese REGION 11 ( Davao Region) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Banana, Sugarcane, Coconut, Pineapple, Durian • AQUA CULTURE • FOOD PROCESSING • MINING • LIVESTOCK/POULTRY • TOURISM • FOREST PRODUCTS • MINERALS – Gold, Copper, Silver, Chromite
  92. 92. REGION 12 ( SOCCSKSARGEN) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Banana, Coconut, Durian • ENERGY RELATED • FOREST PRODUCTS • MILLING REGION 13 (CARAGA) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Coconut, Sweet Potato, Banana • AQUA CULTURE • FOREST PRODUCTS • MINING • HANDICRAFTS & FURNITURES • MINERALS – Gold, Silver, Copper, Nickel, Chromite
  93. 93. Major Industries ARMM (Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao) • CROPS – Palay, Corn, Banana, Coconut, Durian, Pineapple • FOOD PROCESSING • MASS TRANSPORTATION OPERATION
  94. 94. REGION 1 – ILOCOS REGION Land Area Sq. KM Population Ilocos Norte 3,467.9 568,017 Ilocos Sur 2,596.0 658,587 La Union 1,497.7 741,906 Pangasinan 5,451.0 2,779,862 Total 13,012.6 4,748,372
  95. 95. REGION 2 – CAGAYAN VALLEY Land Area Sq. KM Population Batanes 219.0 16,604 Cagayan 9,295.8 1,124,773 Isabela 12,414.9 1,489,645 Nueva Vizcaya 3,975.7 421,355 Quirino 2,323.5 176,786 Total 28,228.9 3,229,163
  96. 96. REGION 3 – CENTRAL LUZON Land Area Sq. KM Population Aurora 3,147.3 201,233 Bataan 1,373.0 687,482 Bulacan 2,796.1 2,924,433 Nueva Ecija 5,751.3 1,955,373 Pampanga 2,062.5 2,014,019 Angeles City 326, 336 Tarlac 3,053.6 1,273,240 Zambales 3,830.8 534,443 Olongapo City 221,178 Total 22,014.6 10,137,737
  97. 97. REGION 4.A – CALABARZON Land Area Sq. KM Population Batangas 3,119.8 2,377,395 Cavite 1,574.2 3,090,691 Laguna 1,917.9 2,669,847 Quezon 9,069.6 1,740,638 Lucena City 246,392 Rizal 1,191.9 2,484,840 Total 16,873.4 12,609,803
  98. 98. REGION 4.B – MIMAROPA Land Area Sq. KM Population Marinduque 952.6 227,828 Occidental Mindoro 5,865.7 452,971 Oriental Mindoro 4,238.4 785,602 Palawan 17,030.8 771,667 Puerto Princesa City 222,673 Romblon 1,533.5 283,930 Total 29,621 2,744,671
  99. 99. REGION 5 – BICOL REGION Land Area Sq. KM Population Albay 2,575.8 1,233,432 Camarines Norte 2,320.1 542,915 Camarines Sur 5,497.0 1,822,371 Catanduanes 1,492.2 246,300 Masbate 4,151.8 834,650 Sorsogon 2,119.0 740,743 Total 18,155.9 5,420,411
  100. 100. REGION 6 – WESTERN VISAYAS Land Area Sq. KM Population Aklan 1,821.4 535,725 Antique 2,729.2 546,031 Capiz 2,594.6 719,685 Guimaras 604.6 162,943 Iloilo 5,079.2 1,805,576 Iloilo City 424,619 Negros Occidental 7,965.2 2,396,039 Bacolod City 511,82o Total 20,794.2 7,102,438
  101. 101. REGION 7 – CENTRAL VISAYAS Land Area Sq. KM Population Bohol 4,821.0 1,255,128 Cebu 5,342.0 2,619,362 Cebu City 866,171 Lapu-Lapu City 350,467 Mandaue City 331,320 Negros OrientaL 5,385.5 1,286,666 Siquijor 337.5 91,066 Total 15,886.0 6,800,180
  102. 102. NCR- National Capital Region Land Area Sq. KM Population Caloocan City 55.8 1,489,040 Las Piñas City 32.7 552,573 Makati City 21.6 529,039 Malabon City 15.7 353,337 Mandaluyong City 9.3 328,699 Manila 25.0 1,652,171 Marikina City 21.5 424,150 Muntinlupa City 39.8 459,941 Navotas City 8.9 249,131
  103. 103. NCR- National Capital Region Land Area Sq. KM Population Parañaque City 46.6 588,126 Pasay City 14.0 392,869 Pasig City 48.5 669,773 Pateros 10.4 64,147 Quezon City 171.7 2,761,720 San Juan City 6.0 121,430 Taguig City 45.2 644,473 Valenzuela City 47.0 575,356 Total 619.7 11,855,975
  104. 104. Region 8 – Eastern Visayas Land Area Sq. KM Population Biliran 536.0 161,760 Eastern Samar 4,660.5 428,877 Leyte 6,515.1 1,567,984 Northern Samar 3,692.9 589,013 Samar 6,048.0 733,377 Southern Leyte 1,798.6 399,137 Total 23,251.1 3,880,148
  105. 105. Region 9 – Zamboanga Peninsula Land Area Sq. KM Population Zamboanga Del Norte 7,301.0 957,997 Zamboanga Del Sur 5,194.2 959,685 Zamboanga City 807,129 Zamboanga Sibugay 3,607.8 584,685 City of Isabela 223.7 97,857 Total 17,046.6 3,407,353
  106. 106. Region 10 – Northern Mindanao Land Area Sq. KM Population Bukidnon 10,496.6 1,299,192 Camiguin 238.0 83,807 Lanao del Norte 4,159.9 607,917 Iligan City 322,821 Misamis Occidental 2,055.2 567,642 Misamis Oriental 3,544.3 813,856 Cagayan De Oro City 602,088 Total 20,494 4,297,323
  107. 107. Region 11 – Davao Region Land Area Sq. KM Population Compostela Valley 4,479.8 687,195 Davao del Norte 3,427.0 945,764 Davao del Sur 6,771.0 868,690 Davao City 1,449,296 Davao Oriental 5,679.6 517,618 Total 20,357.4 4,468,563
  108. 108. Region 12 – SOCCSKSARGEN Land Area Sq. KM Population North Cotabato 9,008.9 1,226,508 Sarangani 3,601.3 498,904 South Cotabato 4,428.8 827,200 General Santos City 538,086 Sultan Kudarat 5,298.3 747,087 Cotabato City 176.0 2 71,786 Total 22,513.3 4,109,571
  109. 109. Region 13 – Caraga Land Area Sq. KM Population Agusan Del Norte 3,546.9 332,487 Butuan City 309,709 Agusan Del Sur 9,989.5 656,418 Dinagat Island 1,036.3 126,803 Surigao Del Norte 1,972.9 442,588 Surigao Del Sur 4,932.7 561,219 Total 21,478.3 2,429,224
  110. 110. ARMM – Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao Land Area Sq. KM Population Basilan 2,295.0 293,322 Lanao Del Sur 13,494.4 933,260 Maguindanao 9,729.0 944,718 Sulu 3,436.99 718,290 Tawi-Tawi 3,626.6 366.550 Total 12,694.3 3,256,140
  111. 111. The Puerto Princesa Underground River National Park is one of the most significant protected areas of he Philippines. It is located in the mid-west Coast of Palawan, some 76 kms northwest of Puerto Princesa City. The site features a spectacular limestone or karst mountain landscape with one of the most impressive cave systems in the world. It contains an 8.2 kilometer-long underground river that flows directly to the sea. Puerto Princesa Underground River, Palawan
  112. 112. Mount Pulag, Benguet
  113. 113. As the second highest mountain peak in the Philippines, Mt Pulag attracts a lot of mountain climers. Highlights of the climb include the forest and the grassland summit with its ‘’ Sea of Clouds” phenomenon. Described as a rejuvenating experience, the mountain has one o the best sunset and sunrise views in the country where you can see the entire Cordillera around you.
  114. 114. Kapurpurawan Rock Formation, Burgos, Ilocos Norte The Kapurpurawan Rock Formation was created through weathering and erosion on the rocky coast of Burgos, Ilocos Norte. It offers a breathtaking view of different rock shapes that can completely amaze tourists who visit the place.
  115. 115. Mt. Pinatubo, Zambales Mt. Pinatubo is an active volcano located on the island of Luzon at the intersection of the borders of the provinces of Zambales, Tarlac, and Pampanga. The volcano’s eruption in June 1991,which was one of the largest and most violent eruptions of the 20th century,came after 500 years of dormancy.
  116. 116. Callao Caves, Peñablanca, Cagayan Callao Cave is a seven chambered cave with a Cathedral- like chamber which was turned into a chapel by the Local Government. Outstanding stalactites and stalagmites are formed in the deeper chambers of the cave.
  117. 117. Banaue Rice Teracces, Ifugao The world famous rice terraces is an engineering marvel built more than 2,000 years ago by Ifugao tribes people. It is listed in the UNESCO World Herotage Sites and dubbed as the “Eight Wonder of the World”
  118. 118. Boracay Island, Malay, aklan Shaped like a dumbbell, Boracay Island is located on the northwestern tip of Panay Island. The island is about7kms long and consist of three communities locally called barangays: Yapak in the north, balabag in the Center and Manoc-Manoc in the South.
  119. 119. Apo island, Negros Oriental Apo island is one of the smallest volcanic islands in the Philippines. It is one of the world’s best known marine sanctuaries. Beneath the clear sparkling blue waters of the island lies a breathtaking collection of over 600 documented fish species and 400 varieties of corals.
  120. 120. Lake Sebu, South Cotabato Lake Sebu is a natural lake located in the municipality of Lake Sebu, South Cotabato within the Allah Valley Region. The government has recognized it as one of the country’s most important watersheds.

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