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HINDUISM.pptx

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In this lesson, one will explore the history of Hinduism as well as its basic tenets. It will try to answer how the Hindus manifest their spirituality amidst the variety of their traditions and freedom of beliefs. It will also present the goals of Hinduism. It also enumerates important concepts such as the Hindu beliefs and practices, kinds of yoga, Vedic structures and goals of dharma. I hope this will be helpful to everyone. Thank you!

In this lesson, one will explore the history of Hinduism as well as its basic tenets. It will try to answer how the Hindus manifest their spirituality amidst the variety of their traditions and freedom of beliefs. It will also present the goals of Hinduism. It also enumerates important concepts such as the Hindu beliefs and practices, kinds of yoga, Vedic structures and goals of dharma. I hope this will be helpful to everyone. Thank you!

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HINDUISM.pptx

  1. 1. HINDUISM
  2. 2. Essential Questions 1. Why is Hinduism considered a diverse and complex religion? 2. How do the Hindus manifest their spirituality amidst the variety of their traditions and freedom of beliefs?
  3. 3. Hindu-originated from the Persian word hindu (in Sanskrit sindhu) which means “river”. -It also refers to the people of the Indus Valley- the Indians.
  4. 4. Hinduism-was originally known as “Arya Dharma” or the “Aryan Way”.
  5. 5. Sanskrit-language of Hindus 2 Classes 1. Shruti- something that is heard 2. Shmriti-something that is remembered
  6. 6. Shruti Veda-means “knowledge” or “sacred lore” 4 Vedic Books 1. Rig-Veda-collection of a thousand hymns and more than a thousand verses dedicated to the Aryan pantheon of gods 2. Yajur-Veda-”knowledge of rites” 3. Sama-Veda-collection of verses from the basic hymns recited by priests during sacrifices 4. Atharva-Veda-”knowledge given by the sage Atharva
  7. 7. Shmriti 2 Great Epics 1. Ramayana-translated as the “Story of Rama” or “Rama’s Journey” -written by the poet Valmiki, consisting of 24,000 verses 2. Mahabharata-composed of around 100,000 verses making it the world’s longest poem.
  8. 8. Bhagavad Gita- translated as “The Lord’s Song”. This instructs any person that one may reach God through devotion.
  9. 9. Beliefs and Doctrines
  10. 10. Devotion to Trimurti Bhraman-ultimate reality, one and undivided. -often seen in three (3) forms 1. Bhrama-God the creator 2. Vishnu-God the preserver 3. Shiva-God the destroyer Devotion to Trimurti

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