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Prevention of substance use and abuse

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Publicado el

SECOND QUARTER
HEALTH 9

Publicado en: Educación

Prevention of substance use and abuse

  1. 1. DRUGS •ARE ANY SUBSTANCES OR CHEMICALS WHICH WHEN TAKEN INTO THE BODY (NASAL, ORAL, TRANSDERMAL) HAVE PSYCHOLOGICAL, EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS ON A PERSON
  2. 2. DRUGS OF ABUSE •DRUGS COMMONLY ABUSED BY USERS •THREE DRUGS OF ABUSE: SHABU, MARIJUANA AND INHALANTS
  3. 3. DRUG DEPENDENCE •PHYSIOLOGICAL, BEHAVIORAL AND COGNITIVE PHENOMENA IN WHICH THE USE OF DRUGS TAKE ON A HIGH PRIORITY •STRONG DESIRE TO TAKE THE SUBSTANCE
  4. 4. DRUG MISUSE •USE OF A SUBSTANCE INCONSISTENT WITH THE PRESCRIBED DOSAGE OR FREQUENCY OF USE
  5. 5. DRUG ABUSE •USE OF SUBSTANCE FOR NON-MEDICAL PURPOSES
  6. 6. DRUG TOLERANCE •CONDITION OF THE BODY TO ADAPT TO THE EFFECTS OF SUBSTANCES TO THE BODY
  7. 7. THE USE, MISUSE AND ABUSE OF DRUGS ARE THE RESULT OF VARIOUS FACTORS SURROUNDING A PERSON. THESE FACTORS EITHER INCREASE OR DECREASE THE POSSIBILITY OF A PERSON TO USE DRUGS.
  8. 8. RISK FACTORS ARE THOSE INFLUENCES WHICH INCREASE THE CHANCES OF USING, MISUSING AND ABUSING DRUGS PROTECTIVE FACTORS ARE THOSE INFLUENCES WHICH DECREASE THE CHANCES OF USING, MISUSING AND ABUSING DRUGS.
  9. 9. THESE FACTORS ARE COMPOSED OF INFLUENCES IN DIFFERENT DOMAINS OF LIFE •PERSONAL •FAMILY •PEER AND FRIENDS •SCHOOL •COMMUNITY
  10. 10. THESE FACTORS ARE COMPOSED OF INFLUENCES IN DIFFERENT DOMAINS OF LIFE •PERSONAL •FAMILY •PEER AND FRIENDS •SCHOOL •COMMUNITY
  11. 11. DOMAINS OF LIFE WHICH AFFECT DRUG USE AND ABUSE Personal Family Peer and Friends School Community
  12. 12. PERSONAL (EARLY AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR VS. SELF CONTROL) RISK FACTORS •USE OF DRUGS AT AN EARLY AGE •RISK TAKING BEHAVIOR •EXPERIMENTATION •POOR SOCIAL SKILLS AND INTERACTION •CHILDHOOD PROBLEMS •FEELINGS OF ISOLATION PROTECTIVE FACTORS •SELF-CONTROL BEHAVIOR •GOOD REASONING SKILLS •EXCELLENT SOCIAL SKILLS •POSITIVE INTERACTION WITH PEOPLE •SENSE OF BELONGING
  13. 13. FAMILY (WEAK PARENTAL GUIDANCE VS. STRONG PARENTAL GUIDANCE) RISK FACTORS •HISTORY AND PATTERNS OF DRUG USE •ATTITUDE TOWARD DRUG USE •POOR PARENTING AND CHILD REARING •INCONSISTENT FAMILY RULES •POOR FAMILY VALUES •POOR FAMILY TIES
  14. 14. PROTECTIVE FACTORS •GOOD COMMUNICATION WITH PEOPLE •POSITIVE FAMILY RELATIONSHIP •CLEAR AND CONSISTENT FAMILY RULES •STRONG FAMILY VALUES •POSITIVE EXPECTATION TO CHILD’S SUCCESS IN FAMILY, SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY •RELIANCE ON FAMILY FOR EMOTIONAL SUPPORT
  15. 15. PEERS AND FRIENDS (SUBSTANCE ABUSE VS. ACADEMIC EXCELLENCE) RISK FACTORS •ASSOCIATION WITH PEERS AND FRIENDS KNOWN TO USE GATEWAY DRUGS (CIGARETTES AND ALCOHOL) •PREFERENCE TO STAY WITH PEERS AND FRIENDS THAN WITH FAMILY
  16. 16. PROTECTIVE FACTORS •ASSOCIATION WITH PEERS AND FRIENDS WHO DO NOT USE GATEWAY DRUGS •FORMATION OF FRIENDSHIPS •RELIANCE ON FRIENDS FOR EMOTIONAL SUPPORT •INVITING FRIENDS AT HOME TO KNOW THE FAMILY
  17. 17. SCHOOL (AVAILABILITY OF DRUGS VS. STRONG ANTI-DRUG POLICIES) RISK FACTORS •POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE •LACK OF COMMITMENT TO STUDIES •POOR ATTENDANCE IN SCHOOL •INVOLVEMENT IN FIGHTS AND CONFLICTS PROTECTIVE FACTORS •GOOD TO EXCELLENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE •JOINS EXTRA CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES AND SCHOOL ORGANIZATIONS •SHOWS INTEREST IN ATTENDING CLASSES
  18. 18. COMMUNITY (POVERTY VS. STRONG COMMUNITY RELATIONSHIP) RISK FACTORS •EASY ACCESS TO GATEWAY DRUGS •POOR COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD RELATIONSHIP •POOR IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMUNITY LAWS •NEGATIVE ATTITUDE WHICH FAVORS DRUG USE
  19. 19. PROTECTIVE FACTORS •STRONG COMMUNITY RELATIONSHIPS •ACTIVE AND POSITIVE COMMUNITY PROGRAMS, PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES FOR THE YOUTH •POSITIVE ATTITUDE WHICH COMBAT DRUG USE •STRONG COMMUNITY ADVOCACY AGAINST DRUGS
  20. 20. 1. GATEWAY DRUGS •ARE LEGAL DRUGS THAT A NON-DRUG USER MIGHT TRY, WHICH CAN LEAD HIM/HER TO MORE DANGEROUS DRUGS SUCH AS MARIJUANA AND SHABU. •TEENAGERS WHO ENGAGE IN EARLY SMOKING & DRINKING HAVE HIGHER CHANCE OF USING AND EXPERIMENTING WITH DANGEROUS DRUGS OF ABUSE.
  21. 21. 2. DEPRESSANT DRUGS •SLOWS DOWN A PERSONS CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (BRAIN, SPINAL CORD, NERVES). •DOCTORS COMMONLY PRESCRIBE DEPRESSANTS TO HELP PEOPLE WHO HAVE ANGER MANAGEMENT ISSUES, STRESSED OR TENSED. •DEPRESSANTS RELAX MUSCLES AND NERVES. •THESE DRUGS MAKE PATIENTS FEEL SLEEPY AND LIGHT HEADED. EXAMPLES ARE: ALCOHOL, BARBITURATES & TRANQUILIZERS.
  22. 22. 3. STIMULANT DRUGS •SPEED UP A PERSONS CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. •HAS THE OPPOSITE EFFECT OF DEPRESSANTS. •MAKES A PERSON’S ENERGY HIGH •SIDE EFFECTS ARE DEPRESSION AND TIREDNESS. EXAMPLES ARE AMPHETAMINES (SHABU, CAFFEINE, NICOTINE, COCAINE)
  23. 23. 4. NARCOTICS •ARE DRUGS WHICH RELIEVE PAIN AND INDUCE SLEEPINESS. •THESE ARE PRESCRIBED TO PATIENTS WITH MENTAL DISORDERS OR WITH PATIENTS DEALING WITH SEVERE PAIN LIKE CANCER. •THESE DRUGS ARE ILLICIT AND DANGEROUS IF TAKEN. • EXAMPLES ARE COCAINE, HEROIN AND MARIJUANA.
  24. 24. 5. HALLUCINOGENS •DRUGS WHICH DISTORT REALITY AND FACTS. •AFFECTS ALL SENSES; MAKES A USER FEEL, HEAR, SEE THINGS THAT DON’T EXIST IN THE TIME BEING. •CAME FROM THE WORD HALLUCINATE (TO PERCEIVE ILLUSIONS) • EXAMPLES ARE: LYSERGIC ACID DIETHYLAMIDE, PSILOCYBIN (OBTAINED FROM MUSHROOMS AND MESCALINE
  25. 25. 6. INHALANTS •FOUND IN ORDINARY HOUSEHOLD CHEMICAL PRODUCTS AND ANESTHETICS. •READILY AVAILABLE AND ACCESSIBLE TO YOUNG CHILDREN •INHALANT TOXINS ARE SIMILAR TO THOSE OF ALCOHOL, THE ONLY DIFFERENCE IS THE FOUL SMELL. •ABUSE CAN LEAD TO DELUSIONS, BRAIN DAMAGE, LIVER DAMAGE, COMATOSE AND DEATH. • EXAMPLES ARE ACETONE, RUGBY (SOLVENT), SPRAY PAINTS, CLEANING FLUIDS AND AIR CONDITIONER FLUIDS (FREON).
  26. 26. 6 CLASSIFICATIONS OF DRUGS ARE: 1.GATEWAY DRUGS 2.DEPRESSANTS 3.STIMULANTS 4.NARCOTICS 5.HALLUCINOGENS 6.INHALANTS
  27. 27. REQUIREMENTS •APPLICATION FOR DRUG DEPENDENCY EXAMINATION •APPLICATION FOR POLICE CLEARANCE AND BARANGAY CLEARANCE •APPLICATION FOR CERTIFICATE OF NO PENDING CASE FROM THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT
  28. 28. STEPS •VOLUNTARY •VOLUNTARY THRU REPRESENTATIONS •COMPULSORY CONFINEMENT
  29. 29. •ECLECTIC APPROACH MODES OF TREATMENT  HOLISTIC APPROACH ADDRESSES DIFFERENT PERSONALITY ASPECTS
  30. 30. •SPIRITUAL APPROACH MODES OF TREATMENT USES BIBLE TEACHINGS RENEWAL OF CONNECTION WITH GOD
  31. 31. •THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITY APPROACH MODES OF TREATMENT PROGRAM WHEREIN THE COMMUNITY IS USED TO FOSTER CHANGE IN ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOR
  32. 32. •HAZELDEN-MINE- SOTTA MODEL MODES OF TREATMENT PROGRAMS THAT USES INSTRUCTIVE LECTURES, COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOLOGY
  33. 33. •MULTIDISCIPLINARY TEAM APPROACH MODES OF TREATMENT UTILIZES PROFESSIONAL SKILLS AND SERVICES OF A TEAM PSYCHIATRISTS, PSYCHOLOGISTS, THERAPISTS

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