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CYBERCRIME.pptx

  1. 1. SLIDESMANIA.COM CYBERCRIME
  2. 2. SLIDESMANIA.COM CONTENTS: I. What is Cybercrime? II. Kinds of Cybercrime III. Acts against Cybercrime IV. Mini Quiz
  3. 3. SLIDESMANIA.COM I. We will talk about what is CYBERCRIME first…
  4. 4. SLIDESMANIA.COM WHAT IS CYBERCRIME? The internet is perhaps today’s most influential technological invention and continues to change daily life for virtually everyone on Earth. Millions of people are plugged into cyberspace, and thousands more enter the online world every day. As internet and computer technologies continue to thrive; criminals have found ways to use these technologies as a tool for their deviant acts.
  5. 5. SLIDESMANIA.COM WHAT IS CYBERCRIME? The terms “cybercrime” and “computer crime” have become nearly synonymous, although there is a difference between these two events. Cybercrimes typically are those in which special knowledge of cyberspace is used to commit a crime, whereas computer crimes are those in which the perpetrator uses computer technology to offend (Wall 2001). The term “cybercrime” refers to the wide range of deviant and criminal behaviors that are facilitated in part by computer technology.
  6. 6. SLIDESMANIA.COM DID YOU KNOW? Cybercrime involves one or both of the following: computers may infect them with malware to damage devices or stop them working. They may also use malware to delete or steal data. Or cybercriminals may stop users from using a website or network or prevent a business providing a software service to its customers, which is called a Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack. A. Criminal activity targeting computers using viruses and other types of malware
  7. 7. SLIDESMANIA.COM Did you know? Cybercrime involves one or both of the following: may involve using computers or networks to spread malware, illegal information or illegal images. B. Criminal activity using computers to commit other crimes. • Cybercriminals are often doing both at once. They may target computers with viruses first and then use them to spread malware to other machines or throughout a network. Some jurisdictions recognize a third category of cybercrime which is where a computer is used as an accessory to crime.
  8. 8. SLIDESMANIA.COM II. Next, We will talk about the Kinds of CYBERCRIME..
  9. 9. SLIDESMANIA.COM SPAMMING Spamming is the use of messaging systems to send multiple unsolicited messages to large numbers of recipients for the purpose of commercial advertising, for the purpose of non-commercial proselytizing, for any prohibited purpose, or simply sending the same message over and over to the same user.
  10. 10. SLIDESMANIA.COM CYBER DEFAMATION Cyber libel is defined as a public and malicious imputation of a crime, or of a vice or defect, real or imaginary, or any act, omission, condition, status, or circumstance tending to cause the dishonor, discredit, or contempt of a natural or juridical person, or to blacken the memory of one who is dead, and committed through a computer system or any other similar means which may be devised in the future.
  11. 11. SLIDESMANIA.COM HARASSMENT Cyber Harassment is defined as a repeated, unsolicited, hostile behavior by a person through cyberspace with a intent to terrify, intimidate, humiliate, threaten, harass or stalk someone. Any harassment caused through electronic media is considered to have a similar impact as traditional offence of harassment. It can be done through various means of ICT as depicted .
  12. 12. SLIDESMANIA.COM CYBER STALKING Cyberstalking is the use of the Internet or other electronic means to stalk or harass an individual, group, or organization. It may include false accusations, defamation, slander and libel. It may also include monitoring, identity theft, threats, vandalism, solicitation for sex, doxing, or blackmail.
  13. 13. SLIDESMANIA.COM ILLEGAL CONTENT This cybercrime involves criminals sharing and distributing inappropriate content that can be considered highly distressing and offensive. Offensive content can include, but is not limited to, sexual activity between adults, videos with intense violent and videos of criminal activity. Illegal content includes materials advocating terrorism- related acts and child exploitation material. This type of content exists both on the everyday internet and on the dark web, an anonymous network.
  14. 14. SLIDESMANIA.COM ONLINE SCAMS These are usually in the form of ads or spam emails that include promises of rewards or offers of unrealistic amounts of money. Online scams include enticing offers that are “too good to be true” and when clicked on can cause malware to interfere and compromise information.
  15. 15. SLIDESMANIA.COM PHISING This type of attack involves hackers sending malicious email attachments or URLs to users to gain access to their accounts or computer. Cybercriminals are becoming more established and many of these emails are not flagged as spam. Users are tricked into emails claiming they need to change their password or update their billing information, giving criminals access.
  16. 16. SLIDESMANIA.COM INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY The access, distribution, and/or use of intellectual property without and/or beyond initial authorization and in violation of the rights of the owner or owners of the intellectual property is considered as intellectual property crime (a.k.a., intellectual property theft).
  17. 17. SLIDESMANIA.COM CREDIT CARD FRAUD Credit card fraud is the unauthorized use of a credit or debit card, or similar payment tool (ACH, EFT, recurring charge, etc.), to fraudulently obtain money or property. Credit and debit card numbers can be stolen from unsecured websites or can be obtained in an identity theft scheme.
  18. 18. SLIDESMANIA.COM WEB JACKING This method is used in social media where the attackers create a fake website and when the website opens it will redirect it to an another website and harm the users system. This is done for fulfilling political objectives for money.
  19. 19. SLIDESMANIA.COM III. Now, let’s talk about the Acts against Cybercrime.
  20. 20. SLIDESMANIA.COM CYBERCRIME PREVENTION ACT OF 2012 The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 focuses on the pre-emption, prevention, and prosecution of cybercrimes such as offenses against the privacy, confidentiality, integrity, and availability of computer data and systems, computer-related offenses, and content-related offenses. R.A. No. 10175
  21. 21. SLIDESMANIA.COM CYBERCRIME PREVENTION ACT OF 2012 Its original goal was to penalize acts in Republic Act 9775 like cybersex and child pornography and RA 10173 like identity theft and unsolicited electronic communications. However, various groups opposed the provision to expand the scope of libel law to cover Internet posts, which led the Supreme Court to issue a temporary restraining order and a status quo ante order. R.A. No. 10175
  22. 22. SLIDESMANIA.COM CYBERCRIME PREVENTION ACT OF 2012 The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 sanctions content-related offenses performed using a computer system, such as cybersex, child pornography, and libel. In addition, unsolicited commercial communications or content that advertises or sells products or services is also punished. However, there are some exceptions to this law relating to the transmission of unsolicited material: it is not a crime if the recipient has given prior agreement, the communication is an announcement from the sender to users, and the recipient has an easy, reliable way to refuse it, among other things. R.A. No. 10175
  23. 23. SLIDESMANIA.COM CYBERCRIME PREVENTION ACT OF 2012 The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 could sentence internet users to up to 12 years in prison for posting defamatory commentaries on social media, such as Facebook and Twitter. Individuals found guilty of cybersex face a minimum prison sentence of six years and one day, a maximum prison of 12 years, and a fine of at least P200,000 but not more than P1,000,000.In addition, unsolicited communication is punishable by one month to six months in prison, a fine of not less than P50,000 but not more than P250,000, or both. R.A. No. 10175
  24. 24. SLIDESMANIA.COM CYBERCRIME PREVENTION ACT OF 2012 Child pornography through computer systems has a penalty of one degree higher than what is provided in RA 9775, or the Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009. In RA 9775, those who produce, disseminate, or publish child pornography will be fined the amount of not less than P50,000 but not more than P5,000,000 and a maximum prison sentence of 20 to 40 years. R.A. No. 10175
  25. 25. SLIDESMANIA.COM REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9775 Guarantee the fundamental rights of the child to special protection from all forms of neglect, abuse, cruelty, exploitation and other conditions prejudicial to his/her development Protect every child from all forms of exploitation and abuse including, but not limited to: (1) the use of a child in pornographic performances and materials; and (2) the inducement or coercion of a child to engage or be involved in pornography through whatever means ANTI-CHILD PORNOGRAPHY ACT OF 2009
  26. 26. SLIDESMANIA.COM REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9775 ANTI-CHILD PORNOGRAPHY ACT OF 2009 Section 4. Unlawful or Prohibited Acts. - It shall be unlawful for any person: (a) To hire, employ, use, persuade, induce or coerce a child to perform in the creation or production of any form of child pornography; (b) To produce, direct, manufacture or create any form of child pornography; (c) To publish offer, transmit, sell, distribute, broadcast, advertise, promote, export or import any form of child pornography;
  27. 27. SLIDESMANIA.COM REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9775 ANTI-CHILD PORNOGRAPHY ACT OF 2009 (d) To possess any form of child pornography with the intent to sell, distribute, publish, or broadcast: Provided. That possession of three (3) or more articles of child pornography of the same form shall be prima facie evidence of the intent to sell, distribute, publish or broadcast; (e) To knowingly, willfully and intentionally provide a venue for the commission of prohibited acts as, but not limited to, dens, private rooms, cubicles, cinemas, houses or in establishments purporting to be a legitimate business; (f) For film distributors, theaters and telecommunication companies, by themselves or in cooperation with other entities, to distribute any form of child pornography;
  28. 28. SLIDESMANIA.COM REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9775 ANTI-CHILD PORNOGRAPHY ACT OF 2009 (g) For a parent, legal guardian or person having custody or control of a child to knowingly permit the child to engage, participate or assist in any form of child pornography; (h) To engage in the luring or grooming of a child; (i) To engage in pandering of child pornography. (j) To willfully access any form of child pornography;
  29. 29. SLIDESMANIA.COM REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9775 ANTI-CHILD PORNOGRAPHY ACT OF 2009 (k) To conspire to commit any of the prohibited acts stated in this section. Conspiracy to commit any form of child pornography shall be committed when two (2) or more persons come to an agreement concerning the commission of any of the said prohibited acts and decide to commit it; and (l) To possess any form of child pornography
  30. 30. SLIDESMANIA.COM REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9775 (b) Any person found guilty of violating Section 4(a), (b) and (c) of this Act shall suffer the penalty of reclusion temporal in its maximum period and a fine of not less than One million pesos (Php1,000,000.00) but not more than Two million (Php2,000,000.00); (c) Any person found guilty of violating Section 4(d), (e) and (f) of this Act shall suffer the penalty of reclusion temporal in its medium period and a fine of not less than Seven hundred fifty thousand pesos (Php750,000.00) but not more than One million pesos (Php1,000,000.00); ANTI-CHILD PORNOGRAPHY ACT OF 2009 SANCTIONS:
  31. 31. SLIDESMANIA.COM REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9775 (d) Any person found guilty of violating Section 4(g) of this Act shall suffer the penalty of reclusion temporal in its minimum period and a fine of not less than Five hundred thousand pesos (Php500,000.00) but not more than Seven hundred thousand pesos (Php700,000.00); (e) Any person found guilty of violating Section 4(h) of this Act shall suffer the penalty of prision mayor in its maximum period and a fine of not less than Three hundred thousand pesos (Php300,000.00) but not more than Five hundred thousand pesos (Php500,000.00); ANTI-CHILD PORNOGRAPHY ACT OF 2009
  32. 32. SLIDESMANIA.COM REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9775 (f) Any person found guilty of violating Section 4(I) of this Act shall suffer the penalty of prision mayor in its minimum period and a fine of not less than Three hundred thousand pesos (php300,000.00) but not more than Five hundred thousand pesos (Php500,000.00); (g) Any person found guilty of violating Section 4(j) of this Act shall suffer the penalty of prision correccional in its maximum period and a fine of not less than Two hundred thousand pesos (Php200,000.00) but not more than Three hundred thousand pesos (Php300,000.00); ANTI-CHILD PORNOGRAPHY ACT OF 2009
  33. 33. SLIDESMANIA.COM REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9775 (h) Any person found guilty of violating Section 4(k) of this Act shall suffer the penalty of prision correccional in its medium period and a fine of not less than One hundred thousand pesos (php100,000.00) but not more than Two hundred fifty thousand pesos (php250,000.00); (i) Any person found guilty of violating Section 4(l) of this Act shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum period and a fine of not less than Fifty thousand pesos (Php50,000.00) but not more than One hundred thousand pesos (Php100,000.00); ANTI-CHILD PORNOGRAPHY ACT OF 2009
  34. 34. SLIDESMANIA.COM IV. Mini Quiz.
  35. 35. SLIDESMANIA.COM Questions: 1. What is the most influential technological invention and continues to change daily life for virtually everyone on Earth? 2. Are those in which special knowledge of cyberspace is used to commit a crime, whereas computer crimes are those in which the perpetrator uses computer technology to offend (Wall 2001). 3. What is the terms nearly synonymous to cybercrime? 4-8. Give at least 5 kinds of cybercrime. 9. This act sanctions content-related offenses performed using a computer system, such as cybersex, child pornography, and libel. 10. This act protects every child from all forms of exploitation and abuse.
  36. 36. SLIDESMANIA.COM THANK Y’ALL FOR LISTINING!! REPORTERS: Asuncion, Amanda Mae Andrade, Pearl Erychel Trapsi, Jemima Aqui, Marc Brent Magpantay, Ram Michael

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