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Personal health

  1. 1. PERSONAL HEALTH Grade7 – 3rd Quarter
  2. 2. Content Standard The learner… demonstrates understanding of mental health as a dimension of holistic health for a healthy life.
  3. 3. Performance Standard The learner… consistently demonstrates skills that promote mental health.
  4. 4. MENTAL HEALTH An Introduction
  5. 5. What is Mental Health? It includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel and act. It also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others and make choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood.
  6. 6. Factors that contributes to Mental Health Problems: • Biological factor, such as genes or brain chemistry; • Life experiences, such as trauma or abuse; • Family history of mental health problems. Take note that: Mental health problems are common but help is available.
  8. 8. What is Stress? It is simply a reaction to stimulus that disturbs our physical or mental equilibrium. In other words, it is an omnipresent part of life. A stressful event can trigger the “fight-or-flight” response, causing hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol to surge through the body.
  9. 9. TWO CATEGORIES OF STRESS Eustress “good stress” Distress “bad stress” The human body is designed to experience stress and react to it. Stress can be positive ("eustress") -- such as a getting a job promotion or being given greater responsibilities -- keeping us alert and ready to avoid danger. Stress becomes negative ("distress") when a person faces continuous challenges without relief or relaxation between challenges. As a result, the person becomes overworked and stress-related tension builds.
  10. 10. Is Stress Normal and Inevitable? Yes! Stress is normal and inevitable Everyday we experience different kinds of stress. Some are good and some are not, that no one is spared from experiencing stress because it is part of our lives.
  11. 11. What are Stress and Anxiety? Highlights :• A certain amount of stress is a normal part of life. You can use some simple techniques and strategies to help you cope. • There are diagnosable medical conditions that describe stress and anxiety that affect people beyond the normal and manageable amount. • Unmanageable stress and anxiety can be unhealthy both physically and psychologically. It’s important to seek help if you’re unable to control your worries and stress is impacting your daily life.
  12. 12. Situations that cause feelings of anxiety or stress:  Moving  Starting a new school or job  Having an illness or injury  Having a friend or family member who is ill / injured  Death of a family member or friend  Getting married  Having a baby
  14. 14. Common stressors that affect adolescents:  Schools  Parents  Peer Groups  Lack of Life Skills  Personal thoughts
  15. 15. School People have different learning styles, interests and strengths. Unfortunately, school is a standard structure that doesn’t take this differences into consideration.
  16. 16. Parents a. High expectations are a big stress and challenge for young people. b. After school activities are important but become a stressor if parents expect their teens to be involved in too many. c. Stressed parents can transfer their stress on to their children.
  17. 17. Peer Groups Peer pressure, not getting along with friends, and worrying about fitting in causes stress.
  18. 18. Lack of Life Skills Skills such as organization and time management are important stress preventers. Likewise, an absence of these valuable skills can make life more hectic and chaotic.
  19. 19. The Effects of Stress in your Body Stress is any change in the environment that requires your body to react and adjust in response. The body reacts to these changes with physical, mental and emotional responses.
  20. 20. How Does Stress Affect Health?The human body is designed to experience stress and react to it. Stress can be positive ("eustress") -- such as a getting a job promotion or being given greater responsibilities -- keeping us alert and ready to avoid danger. Stress becomes negative ("distress") when a person faces continuous challenges without relief or relaxation between challenges. As a result, the person becomes overworked and stress-related tension builds. Distress can lead to physical symptoms including headaches, upset stomach, elevated blood pressure, chest pain, and problems sleeping. Research suggests that stress also can bring on or worsen certain symptoms or diseases
  22. 22. People who can Provide Support in Stressful Situations:  Family  Friends  Guidance Counsellors  Teachers  Barangay Workers
  23. 23. Advantages of Social Support Network Stress can be better managed when your social support network is as strong as it can be. Here are the reasons why you should strive harder in strengthening your relationship with each identified member of your social support network:  Sense of Security  Source of Strength  Feeling of Belongingness
  24. 24. Healthful Ways in Coping with Stress  Think that you can manage and control everything  Do something you enjoy everyday  Get all the restful sleep you need to feel your best  Make a positive face-to-face connection with people a priority
  26. 26. What is Grief? Grief is a normal and natural response to loss. Though we often expect to grieve the death of a family member or friend, many other significant losses can also trigger grief. Examples include:  The end of a relationship  A move to a new community  A much anticipated opportunity or life goal is suddenly closed to us  The death of a pet  Someone we love contracts a potentially life-threatening illness
  27. 27. The Importance of Grieving Grieving such losses is important because it allows us to ‘free-up’ energy that is bound to the lost person, object, or experience—so that we might re-invest that energy elsewhere. Until we grieve effectively we are likely to find reinvesting difficult; a part of us remains tied to the past. Grieving is not forgetting. Nor is it drowning in tears. Healthy grieving results in an ability to remember the importance of our loss—but with a newfound sense of peace, rather than searing pain.
  29. 29. Mental Disorder It is a psychological disorder of thought or emotion.
  30. 30. Triggers and Warning Signs of Common Mental Disorders Research shows that people living with mental illness often experience a specific series of changes in their thoughts, feelings and behaviours. Recognizing early signs and being proactive can help prevent or minimize a relapse.
  31. 31. Thoughts / Perception  Difficulty concentrating and/or making decisions  Becoming forgetful  Racing thoughts  Irrational thoughts or beliefs  Fear of being left alone
  32. 32. Feelings  More tense / anxious  Depressed / low  Restless  Irritable  Fearful  Feeling threatened  Disgusted with oneself  Suicidal  Mood swings
  33. 33. Behaviour  Withdrawal from family and friends  Lost of interest / motivation  Difficulty sleeping or change in sleeping habits  Neglecting one’s appearance  Alcohol / drug use  Extreme anger outbursts  Preoccupation with calories, dieting or weight loss  Extreme anxiety over separation from parents  Changes in school grades or performance
  34. 34. Types of Mental Illness There are many different conditions that are recognized as mental illnesses. Consider the following:  Mood disorders  Bipolar  Psychotic Disorder  Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)  Post Traumatic Stress Disorder  Personality Disorder
  35. 35. Mood Disorder These disorders, also called affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness. The most common mood disorders are depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymic disorder.
  36. 36. Psychotic Disorder Psychotic disorders involve distorted awareness and thinking. Two of the most common symptoms of psychotic disorders are hallucinations -- the experience of images or sounds that are not real, such as hearing voices - - and delusions, which are false fixed beliefs that the ill person accepts as true, despite evidence to the contrary. Schizophrenia is an example of a psychotic disorder.
  37. 37. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) People with OCD are plagued by constant thoughts or fears that cause them to perform certain rituals or routines. The disturbing thoughts are called obsessions, and the rituals are called compulsions. An example is a person with an unreasonable fear of germs who constantly washes his or her hands.
  38. 38. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) PTSD is a condition that can develop following a traumatic and/or terrifying event, such as a sexual or physical assault, the unexpected death of a loved one, or a natural disaster. People with PTSD often have lasting and frightening thoughts and memories of the event, and tend to be emotionally numb.
  39. 39. Personality Disorder People with personality disorders have extreme and inflexible personality traits that are distressing to the person and/or cause problems in work, school, or social relationships. Examples include antisocial personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, and paranoid personality disorder.