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Unit 3 aptitude

  2. 2. • An aptitude is a component of a competence to do a certain kind of work at a certain level. • Outstanding aptitude can be considered "talent/passion". • An aptitudes may be physical or mental. • Aptitude is inborn potential to do certain kinds of work whether developed or undeveloped. • Ability is developed knowledge, understanding, learned or acquired abilities (skills) or attitude. • The innate nature of aptitude is in contrast to skills and achievement, which represent knowledge or ability that is gained through learning. • People are different from one another within themselves or other fields of human activity such as leadership, music, art, mechanical work, teaching etc.
  3. 3. WHAT IS APTITUDE/DEFINE Aptitude refers to those qualities characterizing a person’s way of behavior which serve to indicate how well he can learn to meet and solve certain specified kinds of problems. (Bingham) It is a specific capacity or special ability indicative of one’s probable success in a relevant field after getting proper opportunity for learning or training.
  4. 4. APTITUDE INHERITED OR ACQUIRED ? It is difficult to answer as like any other products of cognition. Certain aspects are inborn. Musical aptitude:muscical throat, working man: long and strong hands. It is also influenced by the environment,. Both environment and heredity has equal role in it.
  5. 5. Aptitude: ability: achievement: Ability: it is present oriented. It tells about one’s present position with regard to the possession of a particular ability or capacity. Achievement: It is past oriented. It merely indicates what one has learnt or acquired. Aptitude: it is future oriented. It predicts his future success in the relevant field.
  6. 6. Aptitude: Intelligence Intelligence is associated with knowledge, cognition and other aspects. For a successful life, job, training or courses of study we require aptitude (special abilities) rather than his intelligence or general ability. Aptitude: Interest Interest may be vide due to the ambition, parents pressure and other attraction. Aptitude is the innate passion for something.
  7. 7. TYPES OF APTITUDE Sensory Aptitude: Mechanical Aptitude: Artistic Aptitude: Professional Aptitude: Scholastic Aptitude:
  8. 8. SENSORY APTITUDE: These are related to sensory capacities and abilities of children. It includes sense of hearing, sight, smell, taste, and touch. In this category children can direct themselves and become in those areas of life where these can applied perfectly.
  9. 9. MECHANICAL APTITUDE: Some persons have a specific mind for the tasks related to use of mechanical abilities and it demonstrates the ability of their mechanical aptitude. In other case a person may be good at repairing vehicles, engines, machines etc. Ability to use sophisticated machines and innovations in instrumentation.
  10. 10. ARTISTIC APTITUDE: It is related to the expression of all artistic abilities. It has an aesthetic sense: It is the sense of what is beautiful. It is primarily a personal sense, but may be enhanced by another's input or awareness. There are many categories of artistic aptitude: Musical, Dance, Graphic art, photography, poetry, acting, debate, writing, designing etc.
  11. 11. PROFESSIONAL APTITUDE: It is related to profession and occupation. It predicts future success of the person. It includes: Clerical, Legal, Teaching, Pilot, Navigation, Banking, Military etc.
  12. 12. SCHOLASTIC APTITUDE: This is academic in nature. It drives learning process. It includes: scientific, engineering, medical, commercial, sports, linguistic etc.
  13. 13. MEASUREMENT OF APTITUDE: Mechanical aptitude tests. Clerical Aptitude Tests Musical aptitude tests. Graphic Art judgment tests. Professional and Scholastic aptitude tests.
  14. 14. MECHANICAL APTITUDE TESTS. The capacity designed by the term mechanical aptitude is not single. It comprise of sensory, motor, perception, spatial capacities. Hence the tests are designed such for. Some common test are Minnesota Mechanical Assembly test, SRA Mechanical Aptitude test. These tests contain question of following nature; 1. Asking subject to put together the parts of a mechanical device. 2. Geometric solution of problems. 3. Basic information and knowledge of mechanical tools. 4. Questions about mechanical principles.
  15. 15. MECHANICAL APTITUDE TESTS. Which would be the better shears for cutting metal. Which gear will make the most turn in a minute.
  16. 16. CLERICAL APTITUDE TESTS. Like mechanical it is also a composite function. It involves several specific abilities like; Some of them are Minnesota vocational test for clerical workers and Clerical Aptitude Test. 1. Perceptual Ability: Ability and speed of perception of words and numbers. 2. Motor Ability: speed and perfection of use of computer, duplicating machine and typewriter. 3. Intellectual Ability: ability to grasp the meaning of words and symbols.
  17. 17. CLERICAL APTITUDE TESTS. 1. Mark which one of the following pair is correct a. 79542:79524 or 5794367:5794367 b. 66273894:66273284 or 527384578:527384578 1. Mark which wrong word in the following sentences. This is a test for spead and accuracy. Work as fast as you can withaut making mestakes. Human beeings make many mistekes as part of their life and learning situations. This is a necessary part of the life that we make corroctions for these mistakes as and when we understand our own mistakes.
  18. 18. MUSCICAL APTITUDE TESTS. 1. These tests have been devised for discovering musical talent. It includes the following aspects and tests. a. Discrimination of pitch, b. Intensity of loudness. c. Judgment of rhythm. These test are presented in the form of phonographic records. The subject sets, listens, and attempts to discriminate. The detailed instructions are given and observed for responses.
  19. 19. GRAPHIC ART APTITUDE TESTS. 1. These tests have been devised for the talent for graphic art. The major two tests are; a. The Meier Art Judgment Test. In this there are 100 pairs of representational pictures in black and white. The one such pair is given below. One piece is the master piece and the other one is distortion of the master piece. The testees are asked to identify the more pleasing, artistic and more satisfying piece. b. Horne Art Aptitude Inventory: It requires the subject to produce sketches from the given patterns of lines and figures. The created figures are then evaluated to the reference standard.
  20. 20. GRAPHIC ART APTITUDE TESTS. a. The Meier Art Judgment Test. b. Horne Art Aptitude Inventory:
  21. 21. SCHOLASTIC AND PROFESSIONAL APTITUDE TESTS. 1. This is to help the students for the studies of specific courses or profession like engineering, medicine, law, business management, teaching, etc. some of them are, a. Stanford Scientific Aptitude test: The Stanford Achievement Test Series is used to measure academic knowledge students. The reports include narrative summaries, process and cluster summaries, and graphic displays to clarify the student's performance and guide planning and analysis. b. Science Aptitude Test c. Teaching Aptitude Test (M.P)
  22. 22. USE OF APTITUDE TESTS. 1. They are the back bone of the guidance services. 2. They can be safely used for the purpose of educational and vocational guidance. 3. It anticipate future potentialities or capacities of an individual. 4. An element of counselling. 5. Self assessment and self awareness is important for every individual.