Más contenido relacionado



3 Branches of Government.ppt

  1. 3 Branches of Government Working together for our Success
  2. Legislative Branch Commonly known as “Congress.” Congress is divided into 2 chambers. The House of Representatives -435 Members in the House of Representatives. The Senate -100 Members in the U.S. Senate.
  3. House of Representatives  The number of Representatives for each state is based on state population.  2 year term of office.  Requirements to be in the House; At least 25 years old, Citizen of U.S. for 7 years, Live in the state you wish to represent. Lee Terry Jeff Fortenberry Adrian Smith
  4. The Senate  Every state has equal representation - 2 senators.  6 year term of office.  Requirements to be in the Senate; At least 30 years old, citizen of U.S. for 9 years live in the state you wish to represent. Mike Johanns Ben Nelson
  5. Powers of Congress  To coin or print money.  To declare War and make Peace.  The House of Representatives can Impeach the President.  The Senate tries all impeachment cases. Job is to make and pass laws. But that’s not all they also have the power to:
  6. Check For Understanding  What job can a 25 year old African American woman run for if she was born in America and is living in Chicago? A Representative for the House of Representatives for the State of Illinois.
  7. One More Check…  What job can a 27 year old German American man run for if he has been living in America for 12 years and a citizen for 6 years and is currently living in Los Angeles?  Nothing…he has not been a citizen of the U.S. for long enough.
  8. Executive Branch  Job is to enforce the laws.  Head of the Executive Branch is the President.  4 year term, limited to 2 terms or 10 years in office.
  9. What does it take to be President?  Requirements to be president: Must be At least 35 years old, a natural born citizen, and a resident of the U.S. for at least 14 years. Nowhere does it say you have to be a man. Nowhere does it say you have to be of 1 specific race. Anyone can be president if they are elected!
  10. Presidential Succession Who takes over if the President dies?  Between 1841 and 1975, more than one- third of U.S. Presidents had either died in office, quit, or become disabled. ->The 20th and 25th Amendments set up the procedure to replace a President. ->After the Vice Pres, comes the -> Speaker of the House, -> President Pro Tempore of the Senate ->Then the Cabinet Members in order. So what is the “Dooms Day” Provision?
  11. Powers of the President  To be commander in chief of the Armed Forces.  To pardon persons convicted of crimes.  To call special sessions of Congress.  To appoint Government officials (must be approved by Congress).
  12. Presidential Cabinet “the Advisors to the President”  Department of Agriculture Secretary  Department of the Interior Secretary  Department of Commerce Secretary  Department of Justice Attorney General  Department of Defense Secretary  Department of Labor Secretary   Department of Education Secretary  Department of State Secretary Department of Energy Secretary Department of Transportation Secretary Department of Health & Human Services Secretary Department of the Treasury Secretary Department of Homeland Security Secretary Department of Veterans Affairs Secretary Department of Housing & Urban Development Secretary
  13. Judicial Branch  Main job is to Interpret the laws and punish the lawbreakers. Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Associate Justices Stephen G. Breyer, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg Samuel A. Alito Anthony M. Kennedy, Antonin G. Scalia Sonia Sotomayor Elena Kagen
  14. What does it take to be a Supreme Court Justice?  There is 1 Chief Justice – 8 Associate Justices (picture on the preceding page) Qualifications: 1)Appointed by the President. 2) Approved by the Senate Supreme Court Justices are given the job FOR LIFE! The only way to get rid of one is: If they commit a crime, If they retire,
  15. Powers of the Supreme Court  They can declare ANY legislative or executive act unconstitutional.  The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. Its decisions are final. – No other court can overrule those decisions. – Decisions of the Supreme Court set precedents— new ways of interpreting the law.