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Warm up, Main activity and Cooldown 1ºESO Secciones

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Warm up, Main activity and Cooldown 1ºESO Secciones

  2. 2. WARM UP  The warming up is the initial part in any session of training. It prepares the body for later efforts.  The warming up will favour the performance and will avoid injury.
  3. 3. WARM UP We warm up for 3 reasons: 1. To prevent injury. 2. To improve performance. 3. To prepare psychologically for the event. GRADUALLY RAISES BODY TEMPERATURE AND HEART RATE
  4. 4. WHY WARMING UP?  It avoids injuries in the locomotor system such as sprains or fibre fractures. It favours the rise of muscle temperature improving the muscle elasticity, the coordination, the rhythm and the attention.  It avoids injuries in the respiratory system rising the heart and respiratory rate and blood circulation. Therefore the body is prepared for a greater effort.  It improves the performance: strength, endurance, speed and elasticity are improved after an adequate warming up.  It improves motivation and concentration. The person starts to know the sport facilities, to adapt to our environment…
  5. 5. HOW TO WARM UP? A complete warming up has several stages
  6. 6. HOW TO WARM UP?  5’ starting up: activities such as walking, long distance running, riding an exercise bike…  5’ stretching of the main muscles  5’ joint mobility. Different joints are worked on from the neck to the ankle  10’ exercises related to the activities we are going to carry out. For example, in basketball we will make ball exercises: dribbling, throw the ball… Before the training or game we will rest for 5 to 10 minutes. General part. Specific part
  7. 7. What should be included in a warm up ? Cardiovascular warm up- You start with this, which raises the pulse rate. Can include easy cycling, skipping, slow swimming, easy jogging and walking.
  8. 8. Stretching- This forms the second phase of the warm up. 1. STATIC- Easy stretches which are held for about 10-20 secs. These should be related to the main activity.
  10. 10. Be careful! It´s dangerous
  12. 12. SHOULD EVERYBODY WARM UP IN THE SAME WAY?  THE AGE. Kids and young people need more time, why?. Because their physical condition are better, but their muscle need less time to warm up.  THE SPORT. The warming up will be different for an aerobic sport such as running or for an anaerobic one such weight-lifting.  THE PHYSICAL CONDITION. A person who trains little time will become tired in a faster way so he or she will warm up with less intensity.  THE TIME OF THE DAY. In the morning the body needs more time to adapt to the effort.  THE ROOM TEMPERATURE. When it is cold, the warming up takes more time.
  13. 13. THE MAIN ACTIVITY The main activity may take a variety of forms. 1. It may vary in terms of training session e.g. • Interval training • Continuous Training • Fartlek Training • Circuit Training • Weight Training • Aerobics 2. It may vary depending on why they are training e.g. • To lose Weight • To win a world title • Rehabilitation after injury • Improve current fitness • Physical education class
  14. 14. COOL DOWN
  15. 15. COOL DOWN The cool down gradually returns the body to its normal temperature and the working pulse rate to the resting pulse rate. It helps to prevent stiffness and soreness in the muscles by dispersing lactic acid. In order to return the pulse to its resting rate, a similar activity could be used as the one to warm-up.
  16. 16. IT´S A JOKE Everybody needs to warm up
  17. 17. QUESTIONSABOUTWARMUP  1. What are the three stages of a training session?  2. Why must you do a warm up?  3. Describe all the ways a warm up helps you.  4. How to warm up?  5. Should everybody warm up in the same way?  6. Why is cool down important after physical exercices? QUIZ