### Finding your way chapter 1

2. Finding Location Using Latitude and Longitude Many of the ways that we use to find places are based on these imaginary lines on the surface of the earth. are drawn east-west to show distances north or south of the equator (0°). The greatest distances are to the North Pole (90°N) or to the South Pole (90°S). Each line of latitude runs parallel to the Equator, all around the world. Latitude Lines of latitude
3. Finding Location Using Latitude and Longitude The are drawn north-south from pole to pole to show distances east or west of the Prime Meridian (0°), which passes through Greenwich, England. The greatest distance is on the opposite side of the globe, in the Mid-Pacific, at 180°, travelling either east or west from the Prime Meridian. Every line of longitude runs straight from the North Pole to the South Pole. Lines of Longitude
4. Finding Location Using Latitude and Longitude Latitude and longitude lines intersect to make up a set of to indicate the of any point on the earth’s surface. For example, the absolute location of the rescue centre in St. John’s,Newfoundland is 47°35’N, 52°40’W. The of a place is not as precise, but it gives you the general area in which a place is located. Relative location is usually described in terms of distance or direction from another place. Halifax, for example, is a Canadian port city centrally located on the Atlantic coast of Nova Scotia. Online activity coordinates absolute location relative position
5. Exercise Atlas page 20-21 1. What are the places located at the following coordinates: a) 500N, 1260W b) 580N, 940W c) 460N, 650W d) 640N, 1390W 2. What are the coordinates of the following places: a) Montréal b) Edmonton c) Watson Lake d) Vancouver Campbell River Churchill Moncton Dawson 460N, 740W 540N, 1140W 600N, 1280W 490N, 1230W
6. Practice Exercise #2 Atlas page 26-27 (copy the questions) 1. What places are at the following coordinates: a) 110N, 620W b) 140N, 910W c) 80N, 790W 2. Find the coordinates of the following places: a) Caracas b) Mérida c) Santo Domingo
7. Practice Exercise #2 Atlas page 46 1. What places are at the following coordinates: a) 110N, 620W b) 140N, 910W c) 80N, 790W 2. Find the coordinates of the following places: a) Caracas b) Mérida c) Santo Domingo Port of Spain Guatemala City Panama 110N, 670W 220N, 890W 180N, 700W
8. Homework Soc. Studies #2 Europe 1. Find the cities: a) 430N, 130E b) 580N, 170E c) 560N, 370E d) 530N, 20W e) 380N, 90W 2. Find the coordinates: a) Madrid b) Baku c) Berlin d) Belfast e) Athens
9. Finding Location with the Global Positioning System (GPS) Today, navigators use a variety of technologies, including the to find their location. GPS consists of a fleet of satellites that orbit the earth twice a day to give the precise time and location of any place on earth. A ship can use GPS to determine its latitude and longitude quickly and accurately. Video Video 1 Global Positioning System (GPS)
10. Finding Places From The Air: Thanks to satellite technology, it is possible to obtain pictures of enormous regions of the earth. Satellites ortbiting the earth about every 103 minutes at an altitude of 700 to 920 km can photograph and area measuring 185 km². In a satellite image, we can see both characteristics of a region. Physical and Cultural http://maps.google.ca/maps?hl=en&tab=wl
11. Features • Physical: Ex. Cultural: Ex. Valleys, mountains, forests, rivers, bays, hills, etc. Features such as river valleys, occur as a result of natural forces. features that are man-made. Farmland, populated areas, highways and roads, bridges, buildings, etc.
12. Turn to page 10 in you Social Studies textbook. What differences do you see on this map compared to others?
13. Finding Your Way with a Topographic Map Sometimes to study a small area we can use a topographic map. To see the characteristics of a topographic map see below or page 10 in your textbook. • Physical features, such as vegetation, lakes, rivers, marsh, hills and valleys. • Cultural features, such as highways, bridges sports track, buildings and built-up areas. • The elevation, or height, of the land, through the use of numbered contour lines. • Location through the use of a grid and consisting of numbered blue lines. • Direction through use of the same grid.
14. Review • What is the difference between a topographic map and a regular street map?
15. My Imaginary City You are to create your own city map and include a name for your city. Your map must have a grid with coordinates and a legend. You must identify and name all streets as well as all of the following items: - Bus stop - police station - school - airport - lake - library - City Hall - bridge - 1 other (your choice) - grocery store - Fire station - mall - park - Gas station - church - Post office - Restaurant - hospital
16. Rubric – Imaginary City 1 2 3 - Unfinished - No colour - No grid - No legend - No street names - More than half of required items missing - A little messy - Half of requirements - Half coloured, no variety - Only a few streets named - Partial grid, too big/small - Completely coloured - Neat - Labelled - Legend on front - Proper grid - All required places - All streets named - Name of city
17. Exercise Atlas page 72 1. What are the places located at the following coordinates: a) 490N, 740W b) 510N, 1140W c) 450N, 640W d) 580N, 930W e) 540N, 1300W 2. What are the coordinates of the following places: a) Whitehorse b) Edmonton c) Watson Lake d) Vancouver Chibougamau Calgary Halifax Churchill Prince Rupert 620N, 1360W 530N, 1140W 600N, 1290W 490N, 1230W