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The Biodiversity Heritage Library & Botany: Empowering Discovery through Free Access to Biodiversity Knowledge

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The Biodiversity Heritage Library & Botany: Empowering Discovery through Free Access to Biodiversity Knowledge. Martin R. Kalfatovic. Botany 2018. Rochester, MN. 24 July 2018.

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The Biodiversity Heritage Library & Botany: Empowering Discovery through Free Access to Biodiversity Knowledge

  1. 1. The Biodiversity Heritage Library & Botany Empowering Discovery through Free Access to Biodiversity Knowledge Martin R. Kalfatovic BHLProgDirector@Twitter 24 July 2018 | Botany 2018
  2. 2. “The cultivation of natural history cannot be efficiently carried out without reference to an extensive library.” Charles Darwin, et al (1847)
  3. 3. Natural history literature and archives contain information that is critical to studying life on Earth. SPECIES DESCRIPTIONS DISTRIBUTION RECORDS HISTORY OF SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY CLIMATE RECORDS INFORMATION ON EXTINCT SPECIES SCIENTIFIC OBSERVATIONS ECOSYSTEM PROFILES SCIENTIFIC ILLUSTRATIONS
  4. 4. “BHL has made available rare and unique publications from the 18th and 19th century, much needed for my research, that I cannot find in The Netherlands. In a word, BHL helps me progress.” Eulàlia Gassó Miracle Curator of Butterflies Naturalis Biodiversity Center
  5. 5. The Biodiversity Heritage Library is changing this by providing free and open online access to library collections from around the world.
  6. 6. The Biodiversity Heritage Library (www.biodiversitylibrary.org) is an open access digital library for biodiversity literature and archives.
  7. 7. Inspiring Discovery through Free Access to Biodiversity Knowledge 11+ years of inspiring discovery 15th-21st centuries through free & open access to biodiversity literature & archives from the Mission The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
  8. 8. BHL is a Global Consortium 20MEMBERS AS OF JULY 2018 21AFFILIATES 80+ WORLDWIDE PARTNERS
  9. 9. *As of July 2018 MEMBERS • American Museum of Natural History Library • BHL Australia • BHL México • Cornell University Library • Field Museum of Natural History Library • Harvard University Botany Libraries • Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Ernst Mayr Library • Library of Congress • The LuEsther T. Mertz Library, The New York Botanical Garden • Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library • Museum für Naturkunde Berlin • Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle • National Library Board, Singapore • Natural History Museum Library, London • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Library, Art & Archives • Smithsonian Libraries • United States Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library • University Library, University of Illinois Urbana- Champaign • University of Toronto Libraries • Yale University
  10. 10. *As of July 2018 AFFILIATES • Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, Library and Archives • BHL Africa • BHL China • BHL Egypt • BHL SciELO (Brazil) • Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire - Lausanne • California Academy of Sciences Library • Canadian Museum of Nature • Chicago Botanic Garden, Lenhardt Library • Internet Archive • Lloyd Library & Museum • Los Angeles County Arboretum & Botanic Garden • Marine Biological Laboratory/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Library (MBLWHOI Library) • Mendel Museum • Narodni Museum (National Museum, Prague) • Natural History Museum Los Angeles County • Naturalis Biodiversity Center • Oak Spring Garden Foundation • Smithsonian Institution Archives • United States Geological Survey Libraries Program • University Library Johann Christian Senckenberg
  11. 11. Secretariat BHL GOVERNANCE PROGRAM DIRECTOR Martin R. Kalfatovic Program Manager Carolyn Sheffield Collections Manager Bianca Crowley Outreach & Communication Manager Grace Costantino
  12. 12. 54+MILLION PAGES TITLES VOLUMES 138,000+ 229,000+ 183+MILLIONINSTANCES OF TAXONOMIC NAMES 770+IN-COPYRIGHT TITLES LICENSED FOR BHL AGREEMENTS WITH 340+ LICENSORS *Stats as of July 2018
  13. 13. 54+MILLION PAGES TITLES VOLUMES 138,000+ 229,000+ 183+MILLIONINSTANCES OF TAXONOMIC NAMES 770+IN-COPYRIGHT TITLES LICENSED FOR BHL AGREEMENTS WITH 340+ LICENSORS *Stats as of July 2018
  14. 14. Permissions for In Copyright Material
  15. 15. CUSTOM PDF DOWNLOADS 734,000+ TO DATE ARTICLE INDEXING 262,000+ TO DATE DOI ASSIGNMENT 130,000+ TO DATE BHL offers a range of free services API & DATA EXPORTS TAXONOMIC NAME SEARCHING REFERENCE MANAGEMENT TOOLS *Stats as of July 2018
  16. 16. Technical Advisory Group BHL Technical Update Martin R. Kalfatovic BHL Program Director Carolyn Sheffield BHL Program Manager Mike Lichtenberg BHL Developer Joel Richard Smithsonian Libraries Susan Lynch The New York Botanical Garden
  17. 17. New Service: Full Text Search! Search across the text of all 54+ million pages in BHL! Search results now display hits for search terms within both the bibliographic information + the full text of books in BHL. Filter search results by content type, publication date, subject, language, and author with new faceted browsing. Use “search inside” to search for terms within a book you are viewing.
  18. 18. BHL Tech Update BHL Dark Storage: Smithsonian • Year 1 (2016) BHL: 109 TB • Year 2 (2017) BHL: 122 TB • Year 3 (2018) BHL: 135 TB • Year 4 (2019) BHL: 148 TB • Year 5 (2020) BHL: 162 TB
  19. 19. APIs The BHL Application Programming Interface (API) is a set of REST-like web services that can be invoked via HTTP queries (GET/POST requests) or SOAP. Responses can be received in one of three formats: JSON, XML, or XML wrapped in a SOAP envelope. Data Exports BHL provides custom data exports, as well as exports that easily integrate with reference management applications like EndNote, Zotero or Mendeley. Scientific Names BHL uses taxonomic intelligence tools, including Global Names Recognition and Discovery (GNRD) developed by Global Names Architecture, to locate, verify, and record scientific names located within the text of each digitized page. This names-based index is an incredibly valuable tool for organismal research, and is easily incorporated into external web sites through two different methods of access.
  20. 20. TheMachineIsUs/ingUs <Response xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema- instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"> <Status>ok</Status> <Result> <Item> <ItemID>16800</ItemID> <Volume/> <Contributor>MBLWHOI Library</Contributor> <Sponsor>MBLWHOI Library</Sponsor> <Language>English</Language> <LicenseUrl/> <Rights/> <DueDiligence/> <CopyrightStatus/> <CopyrightRegion/> </Item>
  21. 21. BHL Technical Update Server Architecture
  22. 22. BHL V.2 Schematic
  23. 23. Darwin VIAF ID: 27063124 Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882
  24. 24. Charles Darwin’s Library biodiversitylibrary.org/browse/collection/darwinlibrary ___________________ A digital edition and virtual reconstruction of the surviving books owned by Charles Darwin. It also provides full transcriptions of his annotations and marks. These works provide important insight into the development of Darwin’s ideas on evolution and natural selection. "If this were true, adios theory" Charles Darwin wrote these words in response to reading Principles of Geology, v. 2 (1837) by Charles Lyell, who was arguing that changes in species have limitations. Darwin, on the other hand, argued that changes in species are infinite and continuous, an integral concept crucial to his theory of evolution. "If this were true, adios theory"
  25. 25. Charles Darwin’s Library biodiversitylibrary.org/browse/collection/darwinlibrary ___________________ A digital edition and virtual reconstruction of the surviving books owned by Charles Darwin. It also provides full transcriptions of his annotations and marks. These works provide important insight into the development of Darwin’s ideas on evolution and natural selection. "If this were true, adios theory" Charles Darwin wrote these words in response to reading Principles of Geology, v. 2 (1837) by Charles Lyell, who was arguing that changes in species have limitations. Darwin, on the other hand, argued that changes in species are infinite and continuous, an integral concept crucial to his theory of evolution. "If this were true, adios theory"
  26. 26. 7+MILLION TOTAL USERS TO DATE AVERAGE MONTHLY USERS117,000+ 14+ MILLION TOTAL WEBSITE VISITS TO DATE AVERAGE MONTHLY VISITS207,000+ VISITS FROM 243COUNTRIES & TERRITORIES *Stats as of July 2018
  27. 27. Growth of BHL Users
  28. 28. Growth of BHL Users
  29. 29. 100,000+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS ON SOCIAL MEDIA TOTAL FOLLOWERS 19,000+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS 15,000+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS 47,000+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS 5,700+ AVERAGE MONTHLY READERS (CY18) 3,000+ FOLLOW @BIODIVLIBRARY *Stats as of July 2018 TOTAL FOLLOWERS 16,000+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS 2,000+
  30. 30. 124,000+ IMAGES IN FLICKR TOTAL IMAGES TAGGED39,000+ 333+MILLION TOTAL VIEWS ON IMAGES OF TOTAL FLICKR COLLECTION TAGGED TAGGED IMAGES IN EOL 31% 18,000+ BHL FLICKR NAMED 1 OF WIRED’S 27 MUST-FOLLOW FEEDS IN THE WORLD OF SCIENCE *Stats as of July 2018 WWW.FLICKR.COM/BIODIVLIBRARY
  31. 31. BHL collaborates with and contributes content to a variety of partners… GLOBAL PARTNERSHIPS
  32. 32. • • • • •
  33. 33. • • • •
  34. 34. • • • • • •
  35. 35. BHL & Botany
  36. 36. Members • New York Botanical Garden • Missouri Botanical Garden • Harvard Botany Libraries • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Affiliates • Chinese Academy of Sciences | Institute of Botany • Chicago Botanic Garden • Lloyd Library & Museum • Oak Spring Garden Foundation • Singapore Botanic Gardens • South African National Biodiversity Institute • State Botanical Collections, Victoria (Melbourne) July 2018 BHL & Botany Major Botany Contributors
  37. 37. BHL & Botany Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature • Andersen Arboretum, Andersen Horticultural Library • Arkansas Native Plant Society • Atlanta History Center, Cherokee Garden Library • Brooklyn Botanic Garden • Butler University • California Native Plant Society (Bristlecone, East Bay, Kern County, Monterey Bay, Mount Lassen, and Santa Cruz Chapters) • Cleveland Botanical Garden, Eleanor Squire Library • Delaware Native Plant Society • Denver Botanic Gardens • Desert Botanical Garden • Finger Lakes Native Plant Society • Idaho Native Plant Society • Illinois Native Plant Society • International Bulb Society • LA County Arboretum & Botanical Garden • Long Island Botanical Society • Marie Selby Botanical Gardens • New York Academy of Medicine • Northern California Botanists • Pennsylvania Horticultural Society • Seed Savers Exchange • Southern California Botanists • Tower Hill Botanic Garden • UC Berkeley, University and Jepson Herbaria August 2016
  38. 38. A Commitment to Open Access… BHL is a charter signatory of the Bouchout Declaration for Open Biodiversity Knowledge Management. Fundamental principles of the Declaration: Free & Open Use Policies to Foster Free & Open Access Persistent Identifiers Tracking Identifiers to Ensure Attribution Infrastructure, Standards & Protocols to Improve Access Linked Data Sustainable Knowledge Management Registers for Content & Services
  39. 39. SPECIES NAMED IN HONOR OF BHL Vargapupa biheli “We may think it is natural to have old literature online, but if we didn't, we would have serious trouble finding the relevant publications. Therefore I thought BHL definitely deserves a new species named after it for the help it provided.” DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3937.1.1 Dr. Barna Páll-Gergely
  40. 40. “BHL is fantastic! It has made a huge difference in my work - sometimes providing access to texts I wouldn’t otherwise be able to get, sometimes by giving me the gift of my own time, as I don’t have to spend hours or days tracking down a resource, waiting on interlibrary loan, and then either scanning it for text recognition and translation or typing it into a translator piece-meal.” Dr. Leigh Anne Riedman NASA Astrobiology Postdoctoral Fellow Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences Harvard University
  41. 41. “BHL is fantastic! It has made a huge difference in my work - sometimes providing access to texts I wouldn’t otherwise be able to get, sometimes by giving me the gift of my own time, as I don’t have to spend hours or days tracking down a resource, waiting on interlibrary loan, and then either scanning it for text recognition and translation or typing it into a translator piece-meal.” Dr. Leigh Anne Riedman NASA Astrobiology Postdoctoral Fellow Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences Harvard University
  42. 42. "We believe that by sharing important collections in BHL and allowing free digital access to such materials, we will greatly assist researchers in furthering their own research on biodiversity. Information inequality between developing and developed world researchers can be narrowed with the availability of open access digital repositories.” Dr. Nura Abdul Karim Deputy Director Library, Training, and External Relations Singapore Botanic Gardens
  43. 43. The study of biodiversity is far and away the most important endeavor in the history of humanity, certainly until now, and very possibly into the future as well .... We are building the card catalog for the most important library that has ever existed, and ever will exist (at least from the perspective of humans). Richard L. Pyle, Bishop Museum (2010)
  44. 44. Thank You! Questions? Martin R. Kalfatovic BHL Program Director 24 July 2018 | Botany 2018

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