1. Robert Rauschenberg neo-dada Born: Texas, 1925 Died: Florida, 2008 Robert Rauschenberg is considered to have opened the door for every artist since 1960 who has challenged the modernist view of painting and sculpture .
13. Robert Rauschenberg on "Erased de Kooning" Click on the above link to view interview This piece was one of Rauschenberg's most controversial. It raised many fundamental questions about the nature of art. The viewer was challenged to consider whether erasing another artist's work could be a creative act, as well as whether the work was only "art" because Rauschenberg was responsible.
14. Rauschenberg's work: Combines This is when non-traditional materials and objects are employed in innovative combinations. Monogram (1955-59) Later in the 1950s, Rauschenberg began moving towards Combine paintings. This is when non-traditional materials and objects are employed in innovative combinations. A painted surface is combined with various objects, which are affixed to that surface. Sometimes the paintings develop into free-standing 3D objects such as the famous 'Stuffed Goat' which has been shown in many exhibitions of contemporary American art. This piece is a monogram, featuring a stuffed Angora Goat, mounted on a platform of paint and collage.
15. Rauschenberg: Bed (1955) Bed was red paint dribbled over his own quilt, which he then stretched and exhibited. It was controversial as critics interpreted it as a symbol of rape or violence..
16. Rauschenberg: First landing jump (1961) First Landing Jump is one of the last combine paintings. The whole work resembles a studio mock-up of an aircraft's landing gear, with a light from the undercarriage focussing on the extended wheel which rests on the ground.
17. Rauschenberg's work: Silk screens Retroactive 1 (1964) Creek (1964) After the combines came his silk screen period, in which the image and its reproduction took an increasingly important place and co-existed with the painting.
20. Roy Lichtenstein, who's use of comic strips in art followed Rauschenberg's by 10 years, acknowledged the latter's influence on him, and on pop art in general. “The coke bottles he put into his art, the happenings and environments, all the things in which he was involved, brought up a raw, strictly American material .. merchandise as merchandise. Art became American rather than European. The Sixties, Seventies and Eighties were all influenced by that work”.