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EAA 2017 Re-engineering the process: How best to share, connect, re-use & provide access to archaeological information?

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Presentation at EAA 2017 Maastricht

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EAA 2017 Re-engineering the process: How best to share, connect, re-use & provide access to archaeological information?

  1. 1. Re-engineering the process: how best to share, connect, re-use & provide access to archaeological information? Presented by Keith May @Keith_May
  2. 2. EAC 2015 “Amersfoort Agenda” set out 3 key areas for digital Research & Development 1. Use emerging digital technologies to share, connect and provide access to archaeological information; this will require improved collaboration and the development of (and participation in) European networks. 2. Encourage cooperation with other disciplines and share data in order to create a shared benefit. 3. Aim for the greatest possible access to digital archaeological resources for various user groups and exploit digital databases to their full potential, including uses for the greater public.
  3. 3. Towards an Horizon 2020 platform for open access publishing? Forecast is for an outlook that is FAIR • Findable • Accessible • Interoperable • Reusable With plenty of Cloud European Commission has already made open access an obligation for its Horizon 2020 grantees EC report estimates that on average about 5% of total research expenditure should be spent on properly managing and 'stewarding' data in an integrated fashion
  4. 4. Potential for new Heritage Data Analytics research? Strategic Management Data • e.g. interventions at National level – more for management statistical or socio-economic analysis and reporting, demographics, etc… • Inter-Project data at national or regional levels (geo-locational analysis) Customer data & Audiences for Heritage Data • Website, Search, Social Media, ‘present-time’ ‘born online’ – data analysis Heritage Research Data • e.g. potential of data mining approaches, or other analytic techniques • Intra-Site/project level data – stratigraphy (spatio-temporal), site types, periods (temporal), etc • Object level data (finds) - artefacts: ceramics, coins, ecofacts: bones, plants, etc • Archaeological Science datasets – analyses of the above: scientificdating, etc • GIS - Spatial patterning and distributions – sites or object level (e.g EngLaid project https://englaid.com/ ), Characterising the heritage of Places. • Quantitative methods – Bayesian stats on C14 and Stratigraphy Data about the Past derived from Data recorded in the Present and/or Projections of the Future? “The best way to predict your future is to create it” - Abraham Lincoln CCby Wikipedia
  5. 5. Multi-lingual Search & Digital Artefacts of the Future – Rosetta stones or Rosetta discs? - HeritageData.org Persistant URI Multilingual Labels
  6. 6. Open Archaeological Data somewhere On or Over the horizon? Different archaeological recording systems share common conceptual frameworks and semantic relationships By conceptualising common relationships in our different data sets at a broad level e,.g CIDOC CRM ISO 21127:2006 and aligning vocabularies of shared reference terms (e.g. using SKOS) we can cross-search data for patterns and broader answers to related research questions (e.g. STAR, ARIADNE). The technologies are being developed in other domains (e.g. Biology & Medicine) but is there a common will for sharing archaeological data Openly for re-use in the interests of improving research methods?
  7. 7. Amersfoort Agenda: Schut, et al. (eds) 2015 Setting the Agenda: giving new meaning to the European Archaeological Heritage, EAC Occasional Paper 10, Budapest: Europae Archaeologiae Consilium. http://www.archaeolingua.hu/books/eac/eac%2010.html Digital Archaeological Heritage an introduction: May, K. (2017) http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue43/1/index.html FISH website: http://heritage-standards.org.uk/ HeritageData.org: http://www.heritagedata.org/blog/ SKOS: https://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/ CIDOC CRM: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/ HE Research Agenda : https://historicengland.org.uk/images- books/publications/he-research-agenda/ #inform References:

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