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Get to
Know
Bipolar
Disorder
What is bipolar disorder?
- Bipolar disorder is extreme mood swings
- Mood swings range from mania to depression
- Mania is extreme high and depression is extreme low mood
- There are also episodes in between between mania and
depression
Fun fact – People with bipolar disorder can still perform great at
their job and their personal goals/relationsips.
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
Episodes in Bipolar disorder
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
1. Mania: Extreme high moods
2. Hypomania: High moods
3. Normal moods
4. Mild-depression: Low moods
5. Extreme low moods
Myths
1. This disorder isn’t just normal mood swigns, it
has cycles and episodes like stated previously.
2. People believe this can be cured. Currently
thee is no clear solution for this illness.
However, diet and exercise and right treatment
and can help to manage the disorder.
3. People also noften believe there are only 1
type of bipolar disorder. There are actually 7
types of this disorder. As we’ll later discuss.
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
The 7 types of
bipolar disorder
1. Bipolar 1: A person experience depressive episodes for 2 weeks
and also encounter a sudden spike in mania and vice versa
2. Bipolar 2: When patients experience Hypomania and depressive
epiodes and vice versa
3. Cyclothymic: People who has experienced hypomania and Mild-
depression. You have to experience it for 2 years for you to be in
this group.
4. Substances and medication that causes bipolar disorder.
5. Bipolar with mixed features: When you experience mixed
episodes at the same time. Like you can feel depression and
mania at once.
6. With seasonal pattern: When a season affect your mood
episodes
7. Unspecififed Bipolar: When the disorder doesn’t fit any of the
categories above.
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
It’s ok to have bipolar disorder
Also according to the NHS, 1 in
every 100 people will be
diagnosed with it at some point in
the their life, which is 1% and low.
However, it often develops during
the age of 15 to 19. The puberty
age, when teenagers have mix
feelings towards everything.
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
People can still achieve and work perfectly fine with
the disorder. Even famous celebrities also have it, like:
Sinatra didn’t speak
extensively about his
alleged bipolar disorder,
but he famously called
himself“an 18-karat
manic-depressive” who
“lived a life of violent
emotional
contradictions” in a
1963 interview with
Playboy. –Page Six
Selena Gomez
publicly confirmed
that she had been
diagnosed with
bipolar disorder in
2020 –The Cut
The signal of the illness:
Bipolar disorder doesn’t have 1 straigtforward sign to recognize it,
because there are episodes of the disorder. Here are the signs of those
episodes:
1. Signs of manic episodes:
- Excessive happiness or hopefulness
- Rapid thoughts and speech
- Restlessness due to being too excessive
- Experience hallucinations and delusions.
2. Signs of hypomanic episodes:
- The signs of hypomania are the same as manic, but it isn’t severe and
also does not last as long as manic (manic usually lasts a week or more,
hypomania tends to last for a few days).
3. Signs of mild-depression:
- Hopelessness and anger
- Appetite and weight changes
- Insomnia
- Lack of motivation
- Reckless activities, like abusing drugs or alcohol
4. Signs of major depressive episodes:
- Experienced extreme sadness
- It’s the same as mild-depressive, but it’s more severe.
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
What is the difference between the term “episode” and “stage” in
illnesses/disorders?
- Episode is an event that stands out in a long series of events. In an
illness, it’s like a critical period of several periods in the illness.
Episode also tend to be a short period of time (about 1 to 2 weeks).
- Stage is a period in a prolonged disease. Stage is particularly the
word to use in disease since the disease tend to last longer than
illness/disorder. The span of a stage depends on which disease you
have. Generally, a stage can be few months or even years.
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
What causes Bipolar disorder?
Doctors and researcher haven’t found the exact reason behind this
disorder. However, they suggest that these are the reasons behind it:
Genetics: People who have a family member that has the disorder is
more likely (approximately 10 percent more likely) to have Bipolar
Disorder.
Chemical imbalance in the brain: The chemicals that controls the brain
are neurotransmitters, noradrenaline, serotonin and dopamine. The
imbalance of just 1 chemical can cause the disorder to trigger. Since not
all are on the same level, therefore hard for the brain to maintain
stably.
Triggers (over a certain period of time like 2 to 3 weeks): Under too
much stress or too much of a stressful circumstances. It causes
symptoms of Bipolar Disorder. Some of the triggers may be childhood
trauma, tough life events, alcohol and drugs.
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
However, it is possible to lower
your chances of getting the
disorder:
- With a healthy and balance lifestyle, like getting enough
sleep, try not to overthink and excercises regularly.
- As well as not consuming a lot of alchohol and drugs, since
both can cause a chemical imbalance the brain with
hangovers and of course causing triggers leading to a higher
chance of getting Bipolar disorder.
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
The disorder effects depends on
which episode you’re in:
- Manic episode: the feeling of not
needing sleep, excessive thoughts,
increases sex drive due to being
extremely energized as well as
having racing thoughts.
- Hypomanic episode: It’s similar to
manic but it is less severe.
- Depressive episode: Trouble with
sleeping. Tends to sleep too much.
Feels hopeless and have sucidal
thoughts and tend to talk slowly as
well as foegetting a lot.
- Mild depressive episode: Similar
to depressive episode, but also less
severe
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
1. Central nervous system: Due to the chemical imbalance in
the brain (brain is part of the central nervous system), causing
these effects in the central nervous system, causing these
effects in the central nervous system:
• Easily distracted
• Overactivity, hyperactivity
• Irritability
2. Endocrine system: Since the endocrine system relies on the
message signals from the brain (and there is a chemical
imbalance in the brain), which causes hormone fluctuation and
can lead to:
• Change interest of sex
• Make poor decisions
• Weight change
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
Effects
3. Skeletal and muscular system: it doesn’t affect the skeletal and
muscular system directly. However, if you experience a depressive
episode, it may affect it. In a depressive episode, you may feel
unexplained aches and pains as well as not exercising due to
discomfort.
4. Other effects: It can also affect your production in school or at
work, as well as making it difficult to build and maintain a
relationship, leading to:
• Heavy alcohol use
• Misuse of drugs
• Unrealistic beliefs in themselves
• Or vice-versa having too much negative beliefs in themselves
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
Effects
5. It is also important to know that though with the negative
effects the disorder has. People with the disorder and the one’s
also got treated correctly from the disorder are able to have a
stable job, build and maintain a healthy lifestyle as well as
relationships.
“With proper treatment, along with support and self-care, people
with bipolar disorder can live healthy, fulfilling lives.” –samh.gov
“People living with bipolar disorder are capable of finding fulfilling
work in a range of different job roles and workplaces.” –Diane
Early
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
Effects
This is Diane Early. She is a senior Research Scientist in
the Early Childhood Development research area at
Child Trends. She has over 20 years’ experience in
policy-relevant research and evaluation in early
childhood education, with an emphasis state-funded
pre-kindergarten, classroom quality, teacher
preparation and practices, and children’s academic
People diagnosed with bipolar
disorder (not all) may also have
other disorders/health
problems:
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
1. ADHD (more likely for bipolar 1 and 2 to
contact it, since both affect heavily on the
person’s behavior)
2. Eating disorder
3. Anxiety disorders
4. Substance use disorder (Bipolar 1 and 2
more likely to have it, because these types
is harder for them to control their mood
than the other.)
5. Physical health problems like headaches,
heart disease.
People with these disorders/health problems does
not mean they have bipolar disorder and vice versa.
Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
However...
The disorder is very commonly mistaken with a
normal mood swing.
Mood swings only lasts a few hours or up to a few
days. Whereas the disorder last up to a few weeks or
months.
Mood swings is also controllable and affects during a specific
amount of time. Whereas bipolar disorder can be prolonged
if not treated correctly.
These 2 pictures can sum it up:
Definition Myths Causes Effects Related illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
If you notice ups and downs lately during a short period
of time
It’s likely that it is just mood swing for a while and it will get back
to normal. And that’s fine since everybody have mood swings in
their life due to events
Howvever, if you notice your mood swings have been more
extreme and last longer or you’re still concern whether you
have it or not. It’s best to visit your doctor or psychiatrist
and tell them about your concern.
Definition Myths Causes Effects Related illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
Bipolar Disorder isn’t just normal mood swings
Bipolar disorder is extreme mood swings 7 types of bipolar
disorder and 4 episodes that could last from a week or years.
The effect of the disorder can interfere a lot in normal days
life of a person like their job relationships and their personal
goals. However if treated correctly, there won’t have as big as
a problem with it.
It is still important to remember that it is easily mistaken with
normal mood swings and there are characteristics separarted
from just mood swings and bipolar disorder. So don’t
overthink and misdiagnosed yourself with the disorder. And
with a healthy and balance routine, with sleeping and eating
properly can have a huge influence on making the disorder
less severe

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Presentation on Bipolar disorder

  • 2. What is bipolar disorder? - Bipolar disorder is extreme mood swings - Mood swings range from mania to depression - Mania is extreme high and depression is extreme low mood - There are also episodes in between between mania and depression Fun fact – People with bipolar disorder can still perform great at their job and their personal goals/relationsips. Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
  • 3. Episodes in Bipolar disorder Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion 1. Mania: Extreme high moods 2. Hypomania: High moods 3. Normal moods 4. Mild-depression: Low moods 5. Extreme low moods
  • 4. Myths 1. This disorder isn’t just normal mood swigns, it has cycles and episodes like stated previously. 2. People believe this can be cured. Currently thee is no clear solution for this illness. However, diet and exercise and right treatment and can help to manage the disorder. 3. People also noften believe there are only 1 type of bipolar disorder. There are actually 7 types of this disorder. As we’ll later discuss. Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
  • 5. The 7 types of bipolar disorder 1. Bipolar 1: A person experience depressive episodes for 2 weeks and also encounter a sudden spike in mania and vice versa 2. Bipolar 2: When patients experience Hypomania and depressive epiodes and vice versa 3. Cyclothymic: People who has experienced hypomania and Mild- depression. You have to experience it for 2 years for you to be in this group. 4. Substances and medication that causes bipolar disorder. 5. Bipolar with mixed features: When you experience mixed episodes at the same time. Like you can feel depression and mania at once. 6. With seasonal pattern: When a season affect your mood episodes 7. Unspecififed Bipolar: When the disorder doesn’t fit any of the categories above. Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
  • 6. It’s ok to have bipolar disorder Also according to the NHS, 1 in every 100 people will be diagnosed with it at some point in the their life, which is 1% and low. However, it often develops during the age of 15 to 19. The puberty age, when teenagers have mix feelings towards everything. Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion People can still achieve and work perfectly fine with the disorder. Even famous celebrities also have it, like: Sinatra didn’t speak extensively about his alleged bipolar disorder, but he famously called himself“an 18-karat manic-depressive” who “lived a life of violent emotional contradictions” in a 1963 interview with Playboy. –Page Six Selena Gomez publicly confirmed that she had been diagnosed with bipolar disorder in 2020 –The Cut
  • 7. The signal of the illness: Bipolar disorder doesn’t have 1 straigtforward sign to recognize it, because there are episodes of the disorder. Here are the signs of those episodes: 1. Signs of manic episodes: - Excessive happiness or hopefulness - Rapid thoughts and speech - Restlessness due to being too excessive - Experience hallucinations and delusions. 2. Signs of hypomanic episodes: - The signs of hypomania are the same as manic, but it isn’t severe and also does not last as long as manic (manic usually lasts a week or more, hypomania tends to last for a few days). 3. Signs of mild-depression: - Hopelessness and anger - Appetite and weight changes - Insomnia - Lack of motivation - Reckless activities, like abusing drugs or alcohol 4. Signs of major depressive episodes: - Experienced extreme sadness - It’s the same as mild-depressive, but it’s more severe. Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
  • 8. What is the difference between the term “episode” and “stage” in illnesses/disorders? - Episode is an event that stands out in a long series of events. In an illness, it’s like a critical period of several periods in the illness. Episode also tend to be a short period of time (about 1 to 2 weeks). - Stage is a period in a prolonged disease. Stage is particularly the word to use in disease since the disease tend to last longer than illness/disorder. The span of a stage depends on which disease you have. Generally, a stage can be few months or even years. Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
  • 9. What causes Bipolar disorder? Doctors and researcher haven’t found the exact reason behind this disorder. However, they suggest that these are the reasons behind it: Genetics: People who have a family member that has the disorder is more likely (approximately 10 percent more likely) to have Bipolar Disorder. Chemical imbalance in the brain: The chemicals that controls the brain are neurotransmitters, noradrenaline, serotonin and dopamine. The imbalance of just 1 chemical can cause the disorder to trigger. Since not all are on the same level, therefore hard for the brain to maintain stably. Triggers (over a certain period of time like 2 to 3 weeks): Under too much stress or too much of a stressful circumstances. It causes symptoms of Bipolar Disorder. Some of the triggers may be childhood trauma, tough life events, alcohol and drugs. Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
  • 10. However, it is possible to lower your chances of getting the disorder: - With a healthy and balance lifestyle, like getting enough sleep, try not to overthink and excercises regularly. - As well as not consuming a lot of alchohol and drugs, since both can cause a chemical imbalance the brain with hangovers and of course causing triggers leading to a higher chance of getting Bipolar disorder. Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
  • 11. The disorder effects depends on which episode you’re in: - Manic episode: the feeling of not needing sleep, excessive thoughts, increases sex drive due to being extremely energized as well as having racing thoughts. - Hypomanic episode: It’s similar to manic but it is less severe. - Depressive episode: Trouble with sleeping. Tends to sleep too much. Feels hopeless and have sucidal thoughts and tend to talk slowly as well as foegetting a lot. - Mild depressive episode: Similar to depressive episode, but also less severe Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion
  • 12. 1. Central nervous system: Due to the chemical imbalance in the brain (brain is part of the central nervous system), causing these effects in the central nervous system, causing these effects in the central nervous system: • Easily distracted • Overactivity, hyperactivity • Irritability 2. Endocrine system: Since the endocrine system relies on the message signals from the brain (and there is a chemical imbalance in the brain), which causes hormone fluctuation and can lead to: • Change interest of sex • Make poor decisions • Weight change Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion Effects
  • 13. 3. Skeletal and muscular system: it doesn’t affect the skeletal and muscular system directly. However, if you experience a depressive episode, it may affect it. In a depressive episode, you may feel unexplained aches and pains as well as not exercising due to discomfort. 4. Other effects: It can also affect your production in school or at work, as well as making it difficult to build and maintain a relationship, leading to: • Heavy alcohol use • Misuse of drugs • Unrealistic beliefs in themselves • Or vice-versa having too much negative beliefs in themselves Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion Effects 5. It is also important to know that though with the negative effects the disorder has. People with the disorder and the one’s also got treated correctly from the disorder are able to have a stable job, build and maintain a healthy lifestyle as well as relationships.
  • 14. “With proper treatment, along with support and self-care, people with bipolar disorder can live healthy, fulfilling lives.” –samh.gov “People living with bipolar disorder are capable of finding fulfilling work in a range of different job roles and workplaces.” –Diane Early Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion Effects This is Diane Early. She is a senior Research Scientist in the Early Childhood Development research area at Child Trends. She has over 20 years’ experience in policy-relevant research and evaluation in early childhood education, with an emphasis state-funded pre-kindergarten, classroom quality, teacher preparation and practices, and children’s academic
  • 15. People diagnosed with bipolar disorder (not all) may also have other disorders/health problems: Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion 1. ADHD (more likely for bipolar 1 and 2 to contact it, since both affect heavily on the person’s behavior) 2. Eating disorder 3. Anxiety disorders 4. Substance use disorder (Bipolar 1 and 2 more likely to have it, because these types is harder for them to control their mood than the other.) 5. Physical health problems like headaches, heart disease. People with these disorders/health problems does not mean they have bipolar disorder and vice versa.
  • 16. Definition Myths Signs Causes Effects Rellated illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion However... The disorder is very commonly mistaken with a normal mood swing. Mood swings only lasts a few hours or up to a few days. Whereas the disorder last up to a few weeks or months. Mood swings is also controllable and affects during a specific amount of time. Whereas bipolar disorder can be prolonged if not treated correctly. These 2 pictures can sum it up:
  • 17. Definition Myths Causes Effects Related illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion If you notice ups and downs lately during a short period of time It’s likely that it is just mood swing for a while and it will get back to normal. And that’s fine since everybody have mood swings in their life due to events Howvever, if you notice your mood swings have been more extreme and last longer or you’re still concern whether you have it or not. It’s best to visit your doctor or psychiatrist and tell them about your concern.
  • 18. Definition Myths Causes Effects Related illness Don’t misdiagnosed Conclusion Bipolar Disorder isn’t just normal mood swings Bipolar disorder is extreme mood swings 7 types of bipolar disorder and 4 episodes that could last from a week or years. The effect of the disorder can interfere a lot in normal days life of a person like their job relationships and their personal goals. However if treated correctly, there won’t have as big as a problem with it. It is still important to remember that it is easily mistaken with normal mood swings and there are characteristics separarted from just mood swings and bipolar disorder. So don’t overthink and misdiagnosed yourself with the disorder. And with a healthy and balance routine, with sleeping and eating properly can have a huge influence on making the disorder less severe