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How can resilience planning processes be used for integrated resources management within a city? This presentation presents three recent examples from the Rockefeller Foundation's Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) and 100 Resilient Cities initiatives.
Resource Efficiency and the Urban
The Rockefeller Foundation
June 18, 2015
• We define urban resilience as the capacity of cities to function, so that people living and
working in cities – particularly the poor and vulnerable – survive and thrive no matter what
shocks and stresses they encounter.
• Supporting the planning and development dialogue in second-tier and emerging cities,
especially as they experience rapid growth and as more than half of the world’s population
lives in cities, many of the most poor and vulnerable.
• As a lens, we find resilience to be useful in considering a wide possibility of disruptive future
events, and not only one hazard or type of event.
THE CITY RESILIENCE FRAMEWORK
• The City Resilience Framework (CRF) was
developed by Arup in 2013.
• Based on extensive research and fieldwork
in six cities that had experienced a recent
shock or were suffering from a chronic
• A lens to understand the complexity of
cities and the drivers that contribute to
• The framework allows us to view
how various complex and
interconnected systems contribute
to the city’s resilience. These are
critical functions the city needs.
• Water-food-energy constraints cut
across several aspects of a city’s
resilience, such as “fostering long
term and integrated planning”,
“ensuring the continuity of critical
services” and “provides natural and
manmade assets” and others.
• Like an immune/health system, the
city needs to have capacities across
THE CITY RESILIENCE FRAMEWORK
Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network
100 Resilient Cities
• Pre-selection of cities
• 6 countries; 40 second-tier cities
• 100 global cities
THE RESILIENCE PLANNING PROCESS
• Starting a
• Engaging city
• Formulating working
• Appointing Chief
• Conducting assessments
• Prioritizing actions
• Developing a
SOLUTION: PERI-URBAN AGRICULTURE IN
• The city was expanding into existing agricultural land on the city’s periphery. The
area was prone to recurrent floods and there is now water logging, now exacerbated
by urban development.
• Through resilience planning, the city developed a solution that integrated various
needs, including restoring peri-urban land for agricultural use and developing a
climate-resilience livestock system. Food supplies were able to be made available
locally; and the land was able to serve as a flood buffer.
• By seeing the issue across sectors and scales, and looking at the whole, the city was
able to devise an integrated solution with benefits across multiple areas.
SOLUTION: WATER REHABILITATION IN INDORE,
• Indore faced urban flooding, poor drainage and waterlogging from roads and bridges
from more frequent and severe rainfall. The effects were especially felt on the most
• The city had to rely on costly and energy-intensive water transported from a river 35
kilometers away. Poor communities often had little access to water.
• Integrated solutions involved:
• Rainwater was harvested using traditional methods and recharging
groundwater, to mitigate flood risk and provide a water supply; the nearby
Indore Lake was restored to provide a local source of freshwater; the city
developed a multi-sectoral partnership with the Indore Zoo to manage a water
• Requiring the use of reused water for gardening and construction purposes.
SOLUTION: URBAN PLANNING QUY NHON,
Quy Nhon, Vietnam
• The city faced a catastrophic flood in 2009, with 16 deaths, exacerbated by new
pressures such as urbanization and urban construction.
• While individual households were individually safer, this did not mean the city and
system as a whole were becoming more resilient. Climate projections showed the
city would be increasingly susceptible to major flooding in the future, and would
need to continue building more elevated infrastructure.
• Through the city resilience strategy process, the city was able to begin a conversation
to consider an integrative approach which included a combination of urban planning
to protect natural floodways, and developing an early warning system.
HOW INTEGRATED RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
IS CENTRAL TO RESILIENCE
• Resource efficiency and integrated resources management are key components of a city’s
overall resilience. It is important to integrate across sectors, and water-food-energy
constraints inevitably factor into the vulnerability of cities.
• Urban nexus issues matter to other parts of the city’s system as well: the way water
resources are managed may not only be more energy efficient, but can produce health
benefits in lowering incidences of vector-borne disease.
• In addition to the relevance of the resilience framework, the resilience planning and
resilience-building process which promotes coordination across sectors and departments
in the cities, can also be a helpful and relevant tool to putting into practice integrated