This PowerPoint presentation contains all little details about Sikkim like its culture, tradition, food items, famous personalities, clothes people of Sikkim wear, festivals and surely places to visit.
Hope you will like my effort.
A Closer look at
The sky, the mountains and tree gives us
Beauty of nature
• Sikkim is India's 22nd state. It is the least
populous and second smallest among the
• A part of the Eastern Himalaya, Sikkim is
notable for its biodiversity, including alpine
and subtropical climates, as well as being a
host to Kanchenjunga, the highest peak in
India and the third highest on Earth.
• Sikkim’s capital and largest city is Gangtok.
Almost 35% of the state is covered by the
Khangchendzonga National Park – a UNESCO
World Heritage Site.
3. Location of Sikkim
Sikkim is a state in northeastern India. It borders
the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north
and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the
west, and West Bengal in the south. Sikkim is also
close to India's Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh.
Physical Location of
Location: 27.2°N 88.4°E
Altitude: 280 m (920 ft..) to 8,585 m (28,000 ft..) above sea level
Area: 7,096 km²
4. Climate of Sikkim
The state has five seasons: winter, summer,
spring, autumn, and monsoon season. Sikkim's
climate ranges from sub-tropical in the south
to tundra in the north. Most of the inhabited
regions of Sikkim experience a temperate
climate, with temperatures seldom exceeding
28°C (82 °F) in summer. The average annual
temperature for most of Sikkim is around 18 °C
Majestic climate of sikkim
Sikkim is one of the few states in
India to receive regular snowfall.
The snow line ranges from 6,100
meters (20,000 ft.) in the south
of the state to 4,900 meters
(16,100 ft.) in the north.
The tundra-type region in the north is
snowbound for four months every year, and the
temperature drops below 0°C (32°F) almost
every night. In north-western Sikkim, the peaks
are frozen year-round; because of the high
altitude, temperatures in the mountains can
drop to as low as −40 °C (−40 °F) in winter.
During the monsoon heavy rains increase the
risk of landslides. The record for the longest
period of continuous rains in Sikkim is 11 days.
Fog affects many parts of the state during
winter and the monsoons, making
Features of Sikkim
Sikkim is the second smallest state after Goa, but it has many physical
features like forests, rivers and mountains around its edges. Most of the
mountains are above 6100 meters (2000 ft.) are near the west of the
occupied territory, like Mt. Kanchendzonga. Other mountains that are
above 6100 meters (2000 ft.) tall are Kabru (the second tallest),
Sinilchu, Pandim, Rothong, Kokthang, Talung Kanglakhang, Simvo &
Jonsang. On the east side the tallest peak is Paunhri, which is about
6700 meters (22000 ft.) tall. The other mountains that are a little bit
shorter than 6100 meters (20000 ft.) are Masthonangye, Yabukjakchen,
Narsing and Lamaonden. Most of the mountains in Sikkim have never
been climbed, because the Sikkimese consider them sacred. They feel
that when the mountains are climbed, they will not be holy anymore.
Sikkim has many hot springs which are known to be good for health.
The most important hot-springs are at Phurchachu (Reshi), Yumthang,
Borang, Ralang, Taram-chu and Yumey Samdong. All these hotsprings
have a lot of sulfur and are near the river banks. The average
temperature of the water in these hot springs is 50 °C.
5. Occupation of
Sikkim exhibits diverse climatic conditions from tropical moist to temperate and
alpine zones. Agriculture is the primary occupation of the inhabitants of the
state. The major crops of the state include rice, maize, tea, soybean, ginger,
orange, pears, potato and tomato. It is the top producer and exporter of large
cardamoms in the country. In agriculture, a terrace is a piece of sloped plane
that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or
platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming.
This type of landscaping is therefore called terracing. Graduated terrace steps
are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields
decrease both erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing
crops that require irrigation, such as rice.
dress of sikkim
The Kho or Bakhu is a traditional dress worn by Bhutia,
ethnic Sikkimese people of Sikkim and Nepal. It is a loose, cloak-
style garment that is fastened at the neck on one side and near
the waist with a silk or cotton belt similar to the Tibetan chuba and
to the Ngalop gho of Bhutan, but sleeveless.
Women wear a silken, full-sleeve blouse called a honju inside the
kho; a loose gown type garment fastened near the waist,
tightened with a belt. Married women tie a multi-coloured
striped apron of woolen cloth called pangden around their waist.
Male members wear a loose trouser under the kho. The
traditional outfit is complemented by embroidered leather boots
by both men and women.
6. 1. Sikkim and Momos are complementary
to one another. Believed to be of Tibetan
origin and modulated by the Nepalese
cuisine the momos are the lifeline of
2. Phagshapa is a strip of pork fat which is
stewed with dry chilies and radish. A spicy
and tangy endeavor of this Sikkimese dish
is rich in proteins and is made of no oil.
3. This wonderful dish of Tibetan
origin is literally heaven on your taste
Buds. Everyone loves bread, meat
deep-fried stuff, and Sha Phaley has
all three. Bread stuffed with ground
beef and cabbage made into semi-
circle and then deep-fried is
everything that people need to know
about this famous food of Sikkim.
Traditional Food of Sikkim
Sikkimesse people usually eat
rice, green vegetables,
potatoes, dal and sinky
Thukpa is a noodle soup with
vegetables and beef which is
also very popular.
Rice is the staple food of
Sikkim and fermented foods
traditionally constitute a
significant portion of
7. Eminent Personalities of Sikkim
Omi Gurung– A reputed fashion designer, Omi Gurung was born
and brought up in Sikkim. Before becoming a full-time designer,
he worked as a fashion editor. He owns a very popular eco-
friendly boutique called Green Gangtok.
Baichung Bhutia – Born in a small village in Sikkim to farmer parents,
Baichung’s sheer talent took him to the greatest of successes. From
being the second Indian footballer to professionally play in Europe to
wear the captain’s jersey for the Indian football team, he has done it all.
Danny Dangzongpa– Danny Denzongpa was one of Hindi cinema’s favorite
villains of the 70s and 80s. Born in Gangtok, Danny did his schooling from the
state capital. Alumni of Film and Television Institute of India (FTTI), he soon
joined the film industry. Apart from being part of numerous Hindi films, Danny
also has to his credit the famous international film
8. Festivals of Sikkim
Festivals in Sikkim are a story that never fails to attract attention and admiration which is one of the best time to visit sikkim. While
India celebrates all her festivals with much sound – both in form of firecrackers and human enthusiasm – Sikkim is more colorful
with its decorations and dances, as it maintains the organic and clean feel that the world has come to associate with this paradise.
Rustic beliefs, colorful decorations and a whole lot of laughter characterize some of the best festivals of Sikkim.
It is an important day for the Mahayana Buddhists
as it celebrates the three most important phases of
Gautama Buddha – his birth, his enlightenment
and his attaining nirvana. This triple celebration,
which is the biggest in Sikkim, is observed on the
full moon of the fourth month of the lunar calendar
of the Buddhists and typically falls between the
end of May to beginning of June – what the rest of
India celebrates as Buddh Poornima. The day is
celebrated with people paying a visit to the Sikkim
monasteries and offering lamps of butter to show
their devotion and love.
It is the Farmer’s New Year is like the Baisakhi
festival of the North where farmers celebrates
their bountiful harvest where the lama dances
keeping in tradition of the expulsion of the evil
spirit and to welcome the new spirit via the
It is unique as it celebrates nature. The festival
and all its celebrations are surrounding the
third highest peak in the world, the
Kanchenjunga or Khangchendzonga. Besides
celebrating the peak this festival also honors
the treaty signed by Bhutias and Lepchas
where all the local deities were welcomed to
witness this occasion. Celebrated around the
fifteenth day which falls in the seventh month
as per their calendar, end of August as per the
standard calendar, the festival is a depiction of
the deity who is the guardian by the lama who
dons the garb and dances. This scenes is
accompanies by much joking and laughter.
This festival is held in Gangtok every year in the
month of May, is another example of Sikkim’s
respect for nature. Orchids, gladioli, ferns, herbs,
roses, cacti, creepers, you name it they have it on
display. The colorful display and the intoxicating
fragrance of so many flowers mingling will
definitely soothe your soul.
Festival which is heralded by the Guthor Chaam
that witnesses the lamas of Rumtek and
Pemayangtse showcasing the traditional and
beautiful dance. Celebrated in the month of
February, the Gyalpo Losar is about offering flowers
to the monasteries, visiting friends and families and
hoping for a better year.
9. Tourism of Sikkim
1.Nathula Pass: It is around 53 km away from
the main city of Gangtok. This place apar0t
from being one of the best tourist places in
Sikkim and is a politically very important
point of Sikkim. Nathula Pass connects India
to Tibet which creates an amalgamation of
Indian and Tibetan culture around this place.
There is a famous border trade market called
– Sherathang from where you can buy a
sovereign for yourself and friends.
2. Pelling is the second most favorite spot in
Sikkim. It coaxes thousands of travelers who
seek peace in the lap of nature and to be
surrounded by gigantic views. This town is a
paradise of trekkers and peace lover.
3. Teesta River: It is like a magical delight for
its visitors who get mesmerized by its shiny
wilderness with which it flows tirelessly.
People can come to visit the Teesta River in
winter when the river appears in the frozen
state and enhance the beauty of the season
with its view or River rafting and kayaking are
some most loved activities in Teesta River by
its visitors. You can catch the glimpse of the
Sangam of Teesta River along with its
tributary the Rangeet River whenever you
travel to the majestic place. Another major
attraction of Teesta River is Dikchu Bridge
which you can check out on your way to
4. Lachen, Lachung and Yumthang Valley:
These three immensely beautiful villages soaked in
Sikkim’s culture. Lachen is very small village in
North Sikkim. This village is the home of Tibetan
nomadic tribes during winters. It is a gateway to
two really beautiful lakes named Gurudongmar
and Tso Lhamu. Lachen will give visitors the best
experience of peaceful time, Lachung is perfect to
relish snow and Yumthang is the place one must go
to catch on the beauty of the flower valley of
5. Tsogmo lake: The lake is nestled around 40 km
away from the main city of Gangtok. This
immensely beautiful glacier lake is one of the top
tourist ddestination of Sikkim. Tsogmo means
‘Source of Water’. This mesmerizing lake is one of
India’s highest altitude lakes which make Sikkim
even more beautiful. Tsogmo lake reflects the
gigantic views of snow-clad mountain around it.
The flora and fauna family found at this location
include Primulas, yellow and blue poppies, Irish,
Yaks and Ponies, and migratory ducks – Brahmini.
6. Zuluk: It is one of the best offbeat locations in
Sikkim which holds the power to mesmerize its
visitor with enthralling views of mountains all
around it. There is a pristine and unique temple
named Nag Temple which is dedicated to Nag Devta
(Snake God). It has an idol of King Cobra and is
shaped like a den or cave which feels like entering
into a snake hole. Other major attractions of Zuluk
are magnetic views of snow-clad Mt. Kanchenjunga
and Thambi View Point .