Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Se está descargando tu SlideShare. ×

Indian monuments and architecture quiz

Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Cargando en…3
×

Eche un vistazo a continuación

1 de 31 Anuncio
Anuncio

Más Contenido Relacionado

Presentaciones para usted (20)

Anuncio

Similares a Indian monuments and architecture quiz (20)

Anuncio

Indian monuments and architecture quiz

  1. 1. Indian Monuments and Architecture VIKRAM JOSHI
  2. 2. 1  The first structure in India to employ exclusively Islamic architecture styles like true domes and true arches is situated right next to the first Islamic monuments built in India a few hundred years earlier.  However, those older structures are not considered for the record as they reused Indian Hindu structures and motifs in their design.  Name this first structure.
  3. 3. 1  The Alai Darwaza (built by Alauddin Khilji in 1311 CE) at the entrance to the Qutb complex (built in 1192 CE onwards)
  4. 4. 2  Built in the 12th century by Ballal Sen of the Sena dynasty, this temple (and the Shakti deity there) gave the name to the city it’s situated in.  After the destruction of the main temple – the Ramna Kali temple in the area, this was given the title of the “national temple” which means the national flag is raised and lowered every day in the temple.  Name the temple and the city it is in.
  5. 5. 2  The Dhakeshwari temple – in Dhaka
  6. 6. 3  The image on the next slide shows the Pancha Rathas – mistakenly assumed to be temples. However, since they were never consecrated following the death of their patron, the word “temple” is a misnomer.  They are all carved out of one monolithic slab of granite. The structural design and elevation are with towers or domes with single to triple towers, which present a unique exhibition of South Indian Dravidian architecture.  Who are these “temples” dedicated to? (Full answer please)
  7. 7. 3  The pancha rathas in Mahabalipuram are dedicated to the 5 Pandavas AND Draupadi.  The Dharmaraja (Yudhishtra) ratha, Bhima ratha, Arjuna ratha, Nakula Sahadeva ratha and the Draupadi ratha
  8. 8. 4  The founding of this church is attributed to three miracles:  The apparition of Mary and Jesus to a sleeping shepherd boy  The curing of a lame buttermilk vendor  The survival of Portuguese sailors assaulted by a violent sea storm  The Shrine and Basilica of Our Lady of Good Health is also known as the "Lourdes of the East“ and is one of the most frequented religious sites in India. It was built in the late 16th century with modifications by Portuguese and further expansions later on due to influx of pilgrimages.  What site credited with “the miracle on the beach” in 2004 is this?
  9. 9.  Our lady of Good Health in Vailankannni, Tamil Nadu.  The miracle on the beach was when over 2000 pilgrims sheltering in the church (325 ft. from the sea) were saved while over 5000 people just outside it were washed away by 5m high waves during the 2004 tsunami.
  10. 10. 5  The monument (shown on the next slide) was commissioned by Islam Shah to honor his father and built by architect Aliwal Khan.  It’s situated in the middle of an artificial lake and is considered a fine example of Afghan architechture.  It is built of red sandstone and was intended to be the final resting place for all members of this dynasty – however, this dynasty could not hold and died out only in 2 generations.  Name the monument and the town it is in.
  11. 11. 5  Sher Shah Suri mausoleum in Sasaram, Bihar
  12. 12. 6  The place I am posing in (the next slide) is situated in the heart of Delhi – in Connaught Place!  It is rumored to have been built by a legendary King and founder in the Mahabharat era. However, archaeological findings show it’s more likely built during the Tughlaq era in the 14th Century by members of the influential community that the mythological King belonged to.  This step well is 60m long and 15m wide and has 103 steps in all.  Name it and the community that built it.
  13. 13. 6  Agrasen ki Baoli – built by the Agarwal community  Raja Agrasen (or Ugrasen) is the legendary founder of the Agarwals.
  14. 14. 7  The building shown in the next slide is the oldest (built in 1742 CE) and most important of a group of 9 – 8 of which are in India and 1 in another country.  Consecrating it involved combining one particular item from 16 sources – taking it from (among other places) a funeral, a shepherd, a potter’s kiln, a goldsmith’s hearth and a tree struck by lightning.  Currently the building and it’s surroundings are at severe risk from rising sea levels and consequent erosion of land.  What is this building (correct name needed) and where is it?
  15. 15. 7  Atash Behram of Udvada (Gujarat)  Home of the Iran Shah – the holiest fire of Zoroastrianism. The other Atash Behrams are in Mumbai (4), Surat (2), Navsari (1) and Yazd, Iran (1)
  16. 16. 8  The ICS engineer F.O. Oertel excavated the area around the columns you see in the next image in 1904-1905 CE based only on a hunch and on deciphering ancient Chinese documents.  What he found was so significant that India’s first on-site museum was built on the spot right there.  He found 3 distinct bodies - the column, the remains of a Gupta shrine and X.  X today no longer rests in this place – it has been moved to Delhi.  What is X and where is this?
  17. 17. 8  The Lion Capital of Asoka, Sarnath
  18. 18. 9  The porcelain floor tiles in this place built in 1568 CE are unique in that every single tile is Chinese, hand-painted and different from the other. There are over 3000 tiles that make up this floor.  The reason they happen to be here in the first place is that the spice trade (primarily pepper and cardamom) to China was controlled by merchants who patronized this “establishment” and they brought back adornment to decorate this place from there.  Today there is a Rs. 5 entrance charge to visit this place and the tiles are the primary reason people visit.  Give me either name for this place.
  19. 19. 9  The Paradesi (or Matancherry) Synagogue in Kochi – the oldest synagogue in a Commonwealth country.
  20. 20. 10  The memorial shown on the next slide was built with a forced tax levied on the people of this city to the tune of 30,000 pounds as a punishment for not aiding the people to whom this is dedicated to.  It initially just consisted of a cross and a railing but Italian architect Carlo Marochetti designed the “mournful seraph” and marble Gothic screen that you see here.  It was later moved to the courtyard of the All Soul’s Church and replaced with a bust of a “rival” of the earlier dedicatees.  Who or what does this memorial commemorate?
  21. 21. 10  The Cawnpore Memorial to the British women and children slaughtered in the Bibighar in 1857.  After independence the Indians replaced it with a bust of Tantya Tope.

×