The first structure in India to employ exclusively Islamic architecture
styles like true domes and true arches is situated right next to the first
Islamic monuments built in India a few hundred years earlier.
However, those older structures are not considered for the record as
they reused Indian Hindu structures and motifs in their design.
Name this first structure.
The Alai Darwaza (built by Alauddin Khilji in 1311 CE) at the entrance
to the Qutb complex (built in 1192 CE onwards)
Built in the 12th century by Ballal Sen of the Sena dynasty, this temple
(and the Shakti deity there) gave the name to the city it’s situated
After the destruction of the main temple – the Ramna Kali temple in
the area, this was given the title of the “national temple” which
means the national flag is raised and lowered every day in the
Name the temple and the city it is in.
The image on the next slide shows the Pancha Rathas – mistakenly
assumed to be temples. However, since they were never
consecrated following the death of their patron, the word “temple”
is a misnomer.
They are all carved out of one monolithic slab of granite. The
structural design and elevation are with towers or domes with single
to triple towers, which present a unique exhibition of South Indian
Who are these “temples” dedicated to? (Full answer please)
The pancha rathas in Mahabalipuram are dedicated to the 5
Pandavas AND Draupadi.
The Dharmaraja (Yudhishtra) ratha, Bhima ratha, Arjuna
ratha, Nakula Sahadeva ratha and the Draupadi ratha
The founding of this church is attributed to three miracles:
The apparition of Mary and Jesus to a sleeping shepherd boy
The curing of a lame buttermilk vendor
The survival of Portuguese sailors assaulted by a violent sea storm
The Shrine and Basilica of Our Lady of Good Health is also known as
the "Lourdes of the East“ and is one of the most frequented religious
sites in India. It was built in the late 16th century with modifications
by Portuguese and further expansions later on due to influx
What site credited with “the miracle on the beach” in 2004
Our lady of Good Health in Vailankannni, Tamil Nadu.
The miracle on the beach was when over 2000 pilgrims sheltering in
the church (325 ft. from the sea) were saved while over 5000 people
just outside it were washed away by 5m high waves during the 2004
The monument (shown on the next slide) was commissioned by
Islam Shah to honor his father and built by architect Aliwal Khan.
It’s situated in the middle of an artificial lake and is considered a fine
example of Afghan architechture.
It is built of red sandstone and was intended to be the final resting
place for all members of this dynasty – however, this dynasty could
not hold and died out only in 2 generations.
Name the monument and the town it is in.
Sher Shah Suri mausoleum in Sasaram, Bihar
The place I am posing in (the next slide) is situated in the heart of
Delhi – in Connaught Place!
It is rumored to have been built by a legendary King and founder in
the Mahabharat era. However, archaeological findings show it’s
more likely built during the Tughlaq era in the 14th Century by
members of the influential community that the mythological King
This step well is 60m long and 15m wide and has 103 steps in all.
Name it and the community that built it.
Agrasen ki Baoli – built by the Agarwal community
Raja Agrasen (or Ugrasen) is the legendary founder of the Agarwals.
The building shown in the next slide is the oldest (built in 1742 CE)
and most important of a group of 9 – 8 of which are in India and 1 in
Consecrating it involved combining one particular item from 16
sources – taking it from (among other places) a funeral, a shepherd,
a potter’s kiln, a goldsmith’s hearth and a tree struck by lightning.
Currently the building and it’s surroundings are at severe risk from
rising sea levels and consequent erosion of land.
What is this building (correct name needed) and where is it?
Atash Behram of Udvada (Gujarat)
Home of the Iran Shah – the holiest fire of Zoroastrianism. The other
Atash Behrams are in Mumbai (4), Surat (2), Navsari (1) and
Yazd, Iran (1)
The ICS engineer F.O. Oertel excavated the area around the
columns you see in the next image in 1904-1905 CE based only on a
hunch and on deciphering ancient Chinese documents.
What he found was so significant that India’s first on-site museum
was built on the spot right there.
He found 3 distinct bodies - the column, the remains of a Gupta
shrine and X.
X today no longer rests in this place – it has been moved to Delhi.
What is X and where is this?
The porcelain floor tiles in this place built in 1568 CE are unique in
that every single tile is Chinese, hand-painted and different from the
other. There are over 3000 tiles that make up this floor.
The reason they happen to be here in the first place is that the spice
trade (primarily pepper and cardamom) to China was controlled by
merchants who patronized this “establishment” and they brought
back adornment to decorate this place from there.
Today there is a Rs. 5 entrance charge to visit this place and the tiles
are the primary reason people visit.
Give me either name for this place.
The Paradesi (or Matancherry) Synagogue in Kochi – the oldest
synagogue in a Commonwealth country.
The memorial shown on the next slide was built with a forced tax
levied on the people of this city to the tune of 30,000 pounds as a
punishment for not aiding the people to whom this is dedicated to.
It initially just consisted of a cross and a railing but Italian architect
Carlo Marochetti designed the “mournful seraph” and marble
Gothic screen that you see here.
It was later moved to the courtyard of the All Soul’s Church and
replaced with a bust of a “rival” of the earlier dedicatees.
Who or what does this memorial commemorate?
The Cawnpore Memorial to the British women and children
slaughtered in the Bibighar in 1857.
After independence the Indians replaced it with a bust of Tantya
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