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GRAPHIC NOVELS IN ENGLAND’S
PUBLIC LIBRARIES
CLARIFICATION
‘graphic adj. 1 relating to visual art, especially
involving drawing, engraving, or lettering.’
(Pocket Oxfo...
WHY GRAPHIC NOVELS?
 Interesting objects – storytelling, reading,
cataloguing
 Reader development
 Visual literacy
 Sm...
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES
 To analyse the consumption and critical appreciation of
comics from the 1980s to the present day.
 ...
SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATIONS OF CATALOGUE
RECORDS
 Availability of 80 titles
 Critically Acclaimed list
 Popular list
OBSERVATION CHECKLIST
 Held by library service
 Cover image
 Subject description
 Media description
 Plot Summary
 A...
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
MBC1 NMCC1 NMCC2 NMCC3 NMCC4 NMCC5 NMCC6 NMCC7 NMCC8 NMCC9 UA1 UA2 UA3
No.ofworks
Library Service...
MOST COMMON WORKS
 Critically Acclaimed List
1st Place 2nd Place
MOST COMMON WORKS
 Popular List
1st Place 2nd Place
WORKS NOT HELD
From Popular List
Title
Last Edition
Published In Print?
Buddy Does Seattle 2005 Yes
Cerebus: Church And State 1987 No
Flaming Carrot Volume...
HOLDINGS FROM CRITICALLY ACCLAIMED LIST
BY GENRE
1.9%
5.8%
11.5%
8.3%
7.1%
1.3%
19.2%
14.1%
14.7%
16.0% Adventure
Crime an...
CATALOGUE RECORDS
 No top level records to unite volumes
 Works that are part of a series often not identified
as such
...
Inclusion of relevant format descriptions
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
MBC1 NMCC1 NMCC2 NMCC3 NMCC4 NMCC5 N...
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
MBC1 NMCC1 NMCC2 NMCC3 NMCC4 NMCC5 NMCC6 NMCC7 NMCC8 NMCC9 UA1 UA2 UA3
%ofrecords
Y...
0.0%
5.0%
10.0%
15.0%
20.0%
25.0%
30.0%
35.0%
40.0%
45.0%
50.0%
MBC1 NMCC1 NMCC2 NMCC3 NMCC4 NMCC5 NMCC6 NMCC7 NMCC8 NMCC9...
RECOMMENDATIONS
 Make the most of the collection with good quality
catalogue records
 Share good practice
 Negotiate wi...
FUTURE RESEARCH
 Influences on selection decisions e.g. budgets and
the characteristics of the population served by
libra...
REFERENCES
 3d_molier (2013) Ketchup Bottle Heinz. 3D rendering. [Online image] [Accessed on 2nd
November 2015] http://ww...
SUGGESTED READING
 Brenna, B. (2013) ‘How graphic novels support reading comprehension
strategy development in children.’...
Graphic Novels in England's Public Libraries - Martyn Greenwood
Graphic Novels in England's Public Libraries - Martyn Greenwood
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Graphic Novels in England's Public Libraries - Martyn Greenwood

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Presented at LISDIS 2015, Saturday 15 November 2015

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Graphic Novels in England's Public Libraries - Martyn Greenwood

  1. 1. GRAPHIC NOVELS IN ENGLAND’S PUBLIC LIBRARIES
  2. 2. CLARIFICATION ‘graphic adj. 1 relating to visual art, especially involving drawing, engraving, or lettering.’ (Pocket Oxford English Dictionary, ninth edition) Graphic Novel Comic Book Format ‘Juxtaposed pictorial and other images in deliberate sequence’ (McCloud, 1994:9)
  3. 3. WHY GRAPHIC NOVELS?  Interesting objects – storytelling, reading, cataloguing  Reader development  Visual literacy  Small amount of research from the UK
  4. 4. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES  To analyse the consumption and critical appreciation of comics from the 1980s to the present day.  To identify whether public libraries in England hold both popular and critically acclaimed graphic novels.  To examine the way that graphic novels are described and presented through online catalogue records.  To investigate the processes in place for the selection of graphic novels.  To make recommendations for effective decision-making with regard to the selection and management of graphic novels and the maintenance of their catalogue records.
  5. 5. SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATIONS OF CATALOGUE RECORDS  Availability of 80 titles  Critically Acclaimed list  Popular list
  6. 6. OBSERVATION CHECKLIST  Held by library service  Cover image  Subject description  Media description  Plot Summary  Age related info in shelving information  Age related info (other than shelving location)  Specific age or age range  Other work(s) by the same writer  Other work(s) by the same artist  Series title  Given series title
  7. 7. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 MBC1 NMCC1 NMCC2 NMCC3 NMCC4 NMCC5 NMCC6 NMCC7 NMCC8 NMCC9 UA1 UA2 UA3 No.ofworks Library Service Holdings from Popular list Holdings from Critically Acclaimed list
  8. 8. MOST COMMON WORKS  Critically Acclaimed List 1st Place 2nd Place
  9. 9. MOST COMMON WORKS  Popular List 1st Place 2nd Place
  10. 10. WORKS NOT HELD From Popular List
  11. 11. Title Last Edition Published In Print? Buddy Does Seattle 2005 Yes Cerebus: Church And State 1987 No Flaming Carrot Volume 3: Flaming Carrot's Greatest Hits 1998 No Kane Book 1: Greetings From New Eden 2004 Yes Leave It To Chance Volume 1: Shaman's Rain 2002 No Locas: The Maggie And Hopey Stories 2004 No Quimby The Mouse 2003 No The Complete Chester Gould's Dick Tracy, Volume 1: 1931- 1933 2006 Yes The Complete Classic Adventures of Zorro 2001 Yes The Yellow "m" 2007 Yes WORKS NOT HELD From Critically Acclaimed List
  12. 12. HOLDINGS FROM CRITICALLY ACCLAIMED LIST BY GENRE 1.9% 5.8% 11.5% 8.3% 7.1% 1.3% 19.2% 14.1% 14.7% 16.0% Adventure Crime and Mystery Fantasy General Fiction Horror Humour Non-fiction Science Fiction Superheroes War
  13. 13. CATALOGUE RECORDS  No top level records to unite volumes  Works that are part of a series often not identified as such  11 out of 13 library services provided series titles on less than 40% of works belonging to a series
  14. 14. Inclusion of relevant format descriptions 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% MBC1 NMCC1 NMCC2 NMCC3 NMCC4 NMCC5 NMCC6 NMCC7 NMCC8 NMCC9 UA1 UA2 UA3 %ofrecords Library Service Comic Book Graphic Novel
  15. 15. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% MBC1 NMCC1 NMCC2 NMCC3 NMCC4 NMCC5 NMCC6 NMCC7 NMCC8 NMCC9 UA1 UA2 UA3 %ofrecords Yes w/hl Yes Inclusion of series names
  16. 16. 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% 35.0% 40.0% 45.0% 50.0% MBC1 NMCC1 NMCC2 NMCC3 NMCC4 NMCC5 NMCC6 NMCC7 NMCC8 NMCC9 UA1 UA2 UA3 %ofrecords Library Service Conflicting age-related guidance
  17. 17. RECOMMENDATIONS  Make the most of the collection with good quality catalogue records  Share good practice  Negotiate with suppliers  Consider a genre based approach for the selection of graphic novel stock  Consider genre based displays
  18. 18. FUTURE RESEARCH  Influences on selection decisions e.g. budgets and the characteristics of the population served by library services  Design of collection development policies and how the needs of the community are assessed  Effectiveness of promotional activities incorporating graphic novel stock
  19. 19. REFERENCES  3d_molier (2013) Ketchup Bottle Heinz. 3D rendering. [Online image] [Accessed on 2nd November 2015] http://www.turbosquid.com/3d-models/ketchup-bottle-heinz-3d- max/736712  Caddy, E.A. (2009) An investigation into the opinions of public library staff on how and where a graphic, comic, and cartoon collection should be shelved. M.A. The University of Sheffield.  Caters News Agency (2014) Melissa’s Red Sauce Obsession. Image accompanying news article. [Online image] [Accessed on 2nd November 2015] http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2014/02/27/article-2569171-1BDFF3A600000578- 886_638x422.jpg  Fagan, B.D., and Fagan, J.C. (2011) Comic book collections for libraries. Santa Barbara: Libraries Unlimited.  Kannenberg, G. (2008) 500 Essential Graphic Novels. Lewes, East Sussex: Ilex.  Libbey (2015) Balloon Wine glass. Image from product catalogue. [Online image] [Accessed on 2nd November 2015] https://foodservice.libbey.com/Product- Repository/Balloon-Wine-Glass3  McCloud, S. (1994) Understanding comics: The invisible art. New York: HarperPerennial.  Werthmann, E. (2010) ‘Graphic novel holdings in academic libraries.’ In Weiner, R.G. (ed.) Graphic novels and comics in libraries and archives: essays on readers, research, history and cataloging. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co, pp. 242-259.  WGGB (2011) Guidance for writers and those working with writers in the Comics, Cartoon Strip and Illustrated Story Industries. London: The Writers’ Guild of Great Britain [Online] [Accessed on 30th July 2014] http://www.writersguild.org.uk/images/stories/News%20docs/Comic%20guide%20lines% 20final.pdf
  20. 20. SUGGESTED READING  Brenna, B. (2013) ‘How graphic novels support reading comprehension strategy development in children.’ Literacy, 47(2) pp. 88-94.  Fee, W.T.B. (2013) ‘Where is the Justice…League?: Graphic novel cataloguing and classification.’ Serials Review, 39(1) pp. 37-46.  Frey, N. and Fisher, D. (eds.) Teaching visual literacy: Using comic books, graphic novels, anime, cartoons, and more to develop comprehension and thinking skills. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.  Klock, G. (2002) How to read superhero comics and why. New York; London: Continuum.  Sabeti, S. (2011) ‘The irony of “cool club”: the place of comic book reading in schools.’ Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics, 2(2) pp. 137-149.  Weiner, R.G. (ed.) Graphic novels and comics in libraries and archives: essays on readers, research, history and cataloging. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co  West, W. (2013) ‘Tag, you’re It: Enhancing access to graphic novels.’ Portal – Libraries and the academy, 13(3) pp. 301-324.  Wolk, D. (2007) Reading Comics: How graphic novels work and what they mean. New York: Da Capo Press.

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