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Black history

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Black history

  1. 1. Done By: Leow Wei Sheng 2P315<br />Black History<br />
  2. 2. Agenda<br />Slavery<br />Civil War<br />Jim Crow Laws<br />Civil Rights Movement<br />Montgomery Bus Boycott and Scottsboro Trials<br />Traits of a true Southern Belle and Southern Gentlemen<br />Harper Lee<br />
  3. 3. Slavery<br />Started in the 1400s<br />Started in northern Mauritania in Africa<br />Whites traditionally bought and owned slaves<br />Rules included not allowed to carry arms<br />Punishments included being crippled<br />
  4. 4. Slavery<br />Slavery began in the Southern States when farmers needed slaves to help in their huge plantations<br />Slavery is related to “To Kill A Mockingbird” as Atticus Finch also hires a slave to work for him<br />The study of slavery helps us to understand why blacks are treated unfairly by the Whites<br />
  5. 5. Civil War<br />The Southern States are: Virginia, Delaware, Maryland, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Missouri, Arkansas and Texas <br />The US president who proclaimed war against the South was Abraham Lincoln<br />The Civil War was fought as the North wanted to abolish slavery in the South<br />
  6. 6. Civil War<br />The war was fought from 1861-1865 <br />In the end the North won, and slavery was abolished in the South<br />The Civil War is related to “To Kill A Mockingbird” as in both cases people were fighting for rights for the Blacks<br />
  7. 7. Jim Crow Laws<br />Jim Crow is pejorative expression meaning “Africa American”<br />The Jim Crow Law were laws which separate the Whites from the Blacks<br />The Laws shaped a segregated culture<br />The Blacks were unhappy as that meant that the Whites would have an unfair advantage over the Blacks<br />
  8. 8. Jim Crow Laws<br />The Jim Crow Laws surfaced in the novel “To Kill A Mockingbird”<br />In the novel, the Whites sit downstairs of the courthouse while the Blacks sit at the balcony on top of the courthouse<br />
  9. 9. Civil Rights Movement<br />The Civil Rights Movement began on 1 December 1955<br />The Civil Rights Movement was a national movement of resistance to racial segregation<br />In December 1955, the Montgomery Bus Boycott started and it ended in December 1956, this led to the US Supreme Court declaring the Alabama and Montgomery segregation laws unconstitutional<br />
  10. 10. In August 1963, all the major civil rights organizations marched on Washington and it was a success; the Kennedy Administration was sincerely committed to passing the bill about outlawing segregation<br />John F. Kennedy supported the movement<br />In the end segregation was outlawed<br />The movement is related to the novel as both show that racial discrimination could get out of control <br />Civil Rights Movement<br />
  11. 11. Montgomery Bus Boycott and Scottsboro Trials<br />Fighting for the rights of Blacks in the transport sector as the transport system was biased to the Whites <br />Nine Black teenagers were accused of rape in Alabama in 1931<br />Both trials are similar as both trials are about Blacks fighting for their rights<br />
  12. 12. Traits of a True Southern Belle and Southern Gentleman<br />Southern Belle: a young upper class woman<br />Southern Gentleman: a polite man with respect<br />A Southern Belle sews to pass her time<br />Atticus is an example of a Southern Gentleman as he is righteous and polite<br />Bob Ewell is an example of a non-Southern Gentleman as he is very violent and cunning <br />
  13. 13. Harper Lee<br />Born on 28 April 1926<br />Published “To Kill A Mockingbird” in July 1966<br />The novel was the only novel she published<br />Awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1961<br />She received the Presidential Medal of Freedom for her contribution to literature in 2007<br />The book was significant to her as it was the only book she published and it describes the impact of racism on the Blacks<br />