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Goals & objectives

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This is an outline of Goals and Objectives about the design of the ISD and ADDIE models.

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Goals & objectives

  1. 1. Instructional Goals & Objectives EDP 632 Jiarui Yang
  2. 2. What is a Goal?  Goals are broad statements about what you hope the learner will learn.  Example: Students will be able to apply proper grammar to composition papers.
  3. 3. What is objective?  Objectives are more specific statements about the intended outcome of instruction.
  4. 4. TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVES & ENABLING OBJECTIVES  The Terminal Learning Objectives (TLO) is a statement of the teacher's expectations of student performance at the end a specific lesson or unit.  Enabling Objectives (EOs) are concise statements of the teacher's expectations of student performance and might be considered STEPS in accomplishing the TLO.
  5. 5. Terminal Learning Objectives  TLO consists of three parts: Condition, Task, and Standard.  TLOs are precise, observable, and measurable.  TLOs are stated in active terms.  A TLO may represent a fairly large block of instruction, but would only rarely range beyond a single lesson.
  6. 6. Enabling Objectives  They typically provide only tasks.  They are observable and measurable but often do not include the  standard or condition.  Each one involves a single step within a TLO.
  7. 7. Knowledge -Exhibit memory of previously learned materials by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts and answers  Knowledge of specifics - terminology, specific facts.  Knowledge of ways and means of dealing with specifics - conventions, trends and sequences, classifications and categories, criteria, methodology.  Knowledge of the universals and abstractions in a field - principles and generalizations, theories and structures.
  8. 8. Understand -Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions and stating the main ideas.  Translation  Interpretation  Extrapolation
  9. 9. Apply  Using new knowledge. Solve problems in new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way  Questions like: Which kinds of apples are best for baking a pie, and why?
  10. 10. Analyze -Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations.  Analysis of elements  Analysis of relationships  Analysis of organizational principles
  11. 11. Evaluate  Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas or quality of work based on a set of criteria.  1. Judgments in terms of internal evidence.  2. Judgments in terms of external criteria.
  12. 12. Create -Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions  Production of a unique communication  Production of a plan, or proposed set of operations  Derivation of a set of abstract relations