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Kenya animal genetic resources centre (kagrc) profile h.k wamukuru

The livestock sector significantly
contributes to the Kenyan economy
(entire national GDP (10%)) and overall
socio-economic development in the
Country.
 In agriculture the livestock sub-sector
contributes to just below 50% of the
total agricultural GDP and
 About 30% of the marketed agricultural
products. The potential is great.
 The Country needs to unlock the latent
potential existing in the Arid and Semi
Arid (ASAL) lands of Kenya which
account to about 80% of the Country
the current contribution of the livestock
sector

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Kenya animal genetic resources centre (kagrc) profile h.k wamukuru

  1. 1. By Dr. Wamukuru H.K -CEO. 1
  2. 2. The Kenya Animal Genetic Resources Centre (KAGRC), formally, CAIS, and was established in 1946 through a Gazette Notice No. 557 as a semen production and distribution Centre. It is located 15 km from City Centre (West of the Nairobi City), and has its HQs in Lower Kabete in Nairobi. The centre acquired full autonomy as a State Corporation, through Kenya Gazette Notice No. L.N. 110 of 5th September 2011. 2
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  5. 5. The livestock sector significantly contributes to the Kenyan economy (entire national GDP (10%)) and overall socio-economic development in the Country. In agriculture the livestock sub-sector contributes to just below 50% of the total agricultural GDP and About 30% of the marketed agricultural products. The potential is great. The Country needs to unlock the latent potential existing in the Arid and Semi Arid (ASAL) lands of Kenya which account to about 80% of the Country the current contribution of the livestock sector. 5
  6. 6. The new constitution clearly recognizes veterinary Services as vital to development of both County and National Governments. Appropriate policies and legal framework to support development and coordination of animal breeding programmes are being put place. This will strengthen the role of breed Societies, farmers and other stakeholders in animal improvement activities and will also apply equitably to all animal species 6
  7. 7. KAGRC works in close collaboration with other breeding organizations such as Kenya Stud Book, Dairy Recording Services of Kenya and Livestock Recording Centre, Research Organizations, Universities, international entities, community Based Organizations (CBOs) and individual farmers. GENOMIC Selection of our Bull Dams, the Bulls themselves and their heifers, and Contract Mating Program for efficient performance of the Centre are routine, continuous processes. 7
  8. 8. KAGRC envisages to undertake organizational adjustment thus;-animal recording and genetic evaluation) and wide stakeholder’s scope. (breeders and livestock keepers). Noting global interdependency in the utilization of animal genetic resources , hence the need to develop KAGRC as a reference laboratory for certification, testing of semen embryos, and related livestock reproduction. Thus ,the Centre participates in Public Private Partnership and hence, the National planning must always ensure the long term supply of public good and its sustainability. 8
  9. 9. There have been challenges in the conservation, management and utilization of the AnGR emanating from low human, infrastructural and professional capacities. The centre is yet to attain all the requisite ISO standards, especially Laboratory Best practices, ISO 17025; however necessary resources (own) are being mobilized towards the same. KAGRC has put in place Quality Management System to improve its performance and be in line with the best and modern practices and has been issued with the ISO 9001:2008 certificate. 9
  10. 10. VisionVisionVisionVision To be the leading producer of the best Animal Genetic Resources (AnGR) in the World. MissionMissionMissionMission To develop and promote optimum productivity of national livestock population through provision of high quality disease free animal germplasm and related breeding services for socio-economic development. Strategic ObjectivesStrategic ObjectivesStrategic ObjectivesStrategic Objectives To enhance livestock productivity. To conserve GermPlasm of all economically viable species. To promote innovations in livestock breeding. 10
  11. 11. 11 Order No 112 and the Gazette Notice No L.N. 110 of 5th Sept. 2011; under The State Corporation Act CAP 146. Centre’s mandate was expanded to includes:- Establishment of a National Livestock Resources Genebank. It shall therefore take custody of livestock tissues, DNA, semen and embryos of all important livestock and emerging livestock strategic semen production. Serve as reference laboratory for certification, testing of semen, embryos, and related livestock reproductive materials, for purposes of exportation and importation; The Functions of KAGRC
  12. 12. Develop and produce chemicals, media and laboratory products for use in the production of animal GermPlasm either alone or in collaboration with other institutions; provide information to livestock farmers on the suitability and effectiveness of animal breeding products, 12
  13. 13. either alone or in collaboration with other institutions; provide training and consultancy services on animal resource conservation procedures, semen, in-vitro embryo production and transfer, and related technology transfer 13
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  17. 17. Management andManagement andManagement andManagement and Administration.Administration.Administration.Administration. The Centre has a BoD Managing Director, who will be the Chief Executive Officer of the Centre, and is secretary to the Board of Directors. 17
  18. 18. Departmentization.Departmentization.Departmentization.Departmentization. 1.Technical Services;1.Technical Services;1.Technical Services;1.Technical Services; 2.Finance, Human Resource and2.Finance, Human Resource and2.Finance, Human Resource and2.Finance, Human Resource and AdministrationAdministrationAdministrationAdministration. Marketing Unit Internal Audit Unit Information Communication Technology Unit. Corporate Communication Unit. Legal Services Unit. 18
  19. 19. 19 Director Technical Service Department Director Finance, Human Resource & Administration Technical Manag er Breedin g & B/Tech no.. Technical Manag er Animal Health Technical Manager Germpla sm Prod.& Quality Control. Manager Finance & Accounts Manager Asst. Manage r Breedin g Asst. Manag er Farm Asst. Manager Germs plasm Produc tion/ Quality Control Manager Suppli es Chain Asst. Mana ger Finan ce & Accou nts Asst. Manag er Human Resour ce/ Admn Manager ICT Head of legal affairs Manager Mar ketin g Manager. Corpo rate Comm uni- cation Unit Board of Directors Managing Director/CEO Manager Human Resource Administra tion Asst. Manager Anima l Health Technical Manag er Farm Manag er Quality Assura nce Manag er Manager Interna l Audit Asst. Mana ger Suppl y Chain ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
  20. 20. Friesian……………………….. 54 Ayrshire ……………………… 52 Jersey …………………………. 8 Guernsey………………………. 4 Sahiwa…………………………. 4 Boran……………………………. 2 TOTAL…………………………… 124 20
  21. 21. 21 YEAR 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 DF 316,897 382,279 490,233 550,244 531,158 659,132 563,863 535,005 RT 18,560 14,400 13,493 12,153 8,200 6,444 5,047 4,232 TOTAL 335,457 396,679 503,726 562,397 539,358 665,576 568,910 539,237
  22. 22. KAGRC has 48 outlets throughout the country. They distribute the semen it produces with efficiently to a level where demand is currently outstripping supply. 22
  23. 23. 23 YEAR 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 DF 306,076 445,099 453,373 559,875 548,384 645,717 583,378 549,506 RT 6,016 4,689 6,648 7,117 4,272 4,256 3,273 2,912 TOTA L 312,092 449,788 460,021 566,992 579,087 649,973 586,651 552,418
  24. 24. KAGRC plays a leading role in improving the productivity and competitiveness of Kenya’s livestock products through provision of high quality genetic material for local and export consumption. Capital investment is a requisite, and goes hand in hand with Relevant Human Capacity building, on job training, Benchmarking and collaboration with close Stakeholders. There is also need for adequate office Space to be created, Refurbish the existing Laboratory and put up two more state of the art laboratories to accommodate the envisaged scientific expansion. 24
  25. 25. The demand for bull semen has been increasing. In the year 2010 the Centre distributed over 659,000 doses of bull semen which was the highest ever since A.I services were privatized. The current national Bull Semen demand is estimated to be at 1.2 million Straws. The Centre’s marketing structure through the Agents has also contributed to the increased demand by making the product readily available to the end user. This is a challenge to the centre and hence calls for urgent strategic measures to mitigate on the same. 25
  26. 26. 26 YEARS SEMEN PRODUCTION SEMEN DISTRIBUTION DEMAND 2003 233,087 135,389 140,000 2004 272,742 201,399 205,000 2005 335,457 306,076 310,000 2006 396,679 445,099 450,000 2007 503,726 452,373 460,000 2008 562,397 559,875 570,000 2009 539358 548,384 620,000 2010 665,576 645,717 650,000 2011 563,863 583,378 720,000 2012 535,005 549,506 1,000,000
  27. 27. 27 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 NOOFDOSES YEARS SEMEN PRODUCTION SEMEN DISTRIBUTION DEMAND
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  30. 30. KAGRC produces 50 litres of liquid nitrogen per hour. Monthly production is about 16,000 lts Monthly demand is 40,000 lts. The deficit is sourced from private factories. 30
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  32. 32. DEVELOPMENT PLANDEVELOPMENT PLANDEVELOPMENT PLANDEVELOPMENT PLAN 2013201320132013----2018201820182018 consists of thirty One stand-alone projects as listed here below.- 32
  33. 33. 1) Increase the Number of Bulls 2) Acquisition of Farm Machinery 3) Acquisition of Liquid Nitrogen Tanker 4) Acquisition of Liquid Nitrogen Plant 5) Acquiring Title Deeds for KAGRC Lands 6) Construction and Equipment of New Laboratory 7) Construction of New Office Block 8) Establishment of Five A.I Satellite 9) Development of ICT Infrastructure E-Breeding Platform system for Livestock and Semen Traceability 10) Hay and Fodder Production Poultry A.I and Conservation 1) Rehabilitation of Road networks and Bull pens 33
  34. 34. 12) Rehabilitation of the Laboratory 13) Improvement of Water Reticulation 14) Pigs A.I and Conservation 15) Business Improvement HACCP ISO 17025 Standard Process ISO Status Credit 16) Quarantine Facilities 17) Environmental Regulations 18) General Transport 19) Laboratory Accreditation 20) Research and Development 34
  35. 35. 21)Development of Coconut Water Extender 22) Rabbit A.I and Conservation 23) Upgrade Laboratory Equipments. 24) Enhance Corporate Image 25) Promote Local and Export Markets 26) Remunerations 27) Creation of Retirement Benefit Scheme 28) Retraining g of In-post Staff 29Goat Conservation 30) Specialized Training -Recruitment and sustenance of Experts 31) Camel Conservation 35
  36. 36. 36 STRENGTHS. Available Resources-the Center has land, live Bulls and human capacity Base. Adequate Water and Electricity are available The Centre has over 15 collaborators in the quest to achieve its goals. The mother ministry of LD and Treasury are ready to assist. WEAKNESSES Inefficient breeding communication system. The e- breeding platform has not yet been operationalized due to high cost. Dilapidated infrastructure and Equipments. UN- surveyed centre’s land- lack of ownership documents. Inadequate hay for the bulls. Hay fields needs to be renewed. Lack of capacity to fully exploit the local market and export market. Inadequate number of proven bulls for semen production. Inadequate capacity for semen production and conservation. OPPORTUNITIES The Kenya Market is readily available and Demand for KAGRC’S products is high. Dairy Sector Market growth Spars Centre’s confidence in Business Availability. THREATS The importation of unqualified semen depresses the farmers efforts and morale. Outbreak out Notifiable Disease. Attempts to transfer KAGRC’s public ‘goods’ to private hands. Business Competition from other germplasm importers.
  37. 37. The Commitment of the Government and Bilateral partners to create Germplasm Preservation and Conservation of Animal genetic materials that addresses Continued financial support for the Centre’s depend on the delivery of documented benefits of sustainability, as does emphasis on M&E. 37
  38. 38. Kenya Animal Genetic Resources Centre will be duty bound to make an overall judgment about the effectiveness of the completed programs (summative evaluation), Generate knowledge about good practices (lessons learned). M&Es are integral tools for managing and assessing the efficiency and effectiveness of investments in the Centre. 38
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  41. 41. THANK YOU ! 41

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