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13 - Music

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13 - Music

  1. 1. Music • Like football – something people took with them • Diffusion, adaptation, adoption (rap) • Imperialism/ colonising, migration - Throughout the world, blending, mixing, exchanging • Instruments • Reading music • Death of distance/ Space time convergence • Today’s society – iPod, iTunes, spotify, USBs etc
  2. 2. Various areas • Production – studio, record label, song writers • Management – image, calendar, tours • Sales – tours, records and sheet music • Marketing - concerts/ venues, exposure, become a brand • Diversity of a style/ instrument (Piano Guys) • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0VqTwnAuHws
  3. 3. Origins • Human voice and Percussion • Flute (thigh bone of a bear), Slovenia, 43 000 yrs old • Spread of talent and availability – oral, local products • Elite music – hired by the chiefs/ leaders to perform or personal musicians to pay pipes to announce leader’s arrival – Scottish bagpipes • Battle/ military – to encourage, inspire, motivate • Only performed by elite few • The power of music – haka, religion
  4. 4. Middle Ages: music writing • Wanted to share with other churches across Europe – same writing of music style = notes • Sang same songs across many different churches • Entertainers for wealthy – music changed into love songs etc • Now written and verbally passed on from one another
  5. 5. Age of Discovery: Elite music • Musicians – creating music for a number of instruments together: orchestras and choirs, symphonies and operas • More commercial make of instruments, more spread of music - Stradivarius string for King James II • Mozart – travelled, performed, spread • 1900 – classical music • Travel rail, emigration
  6. 6. Age of Discovery: Folk/ Pop music • Slavery = blend • Words reflected the immediate and local circumstances of the people • Stayed mostly within group of people • “hi ho, hi ho, it’s off to….” • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oms6o8m4axg&l ist=PL968A2C99CBCF2BF0
  7. 7. 1900’s - areas of music • Live – original or covered • Recorded /purchased – records, tapes, digital • Radio • Written – articles, rolling stone magazine • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lExW80sXsHs • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PMpQUsQcJFg • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dMH0bHeiRNg
  8. 8. T T C in creating mass music • Going on tour • Instruments manufactured on large international scale • More people began to read and read music • Technique to record, transmit and reproduce music cheaply and accurately • Buskers – bars – music halls/ theatres – Maddison Square Garden/ Albert Hall
  9. 9. • 1800’s – band, tours, managers, recording studios (Edison 1877), song pluggers • Gathered around Broadway area • Began linking movies to sound 1927 – The Jazz Singer • Records – Berliner 1889, Big tapes – 1950’s, small compact tapes - 1970/80’s. • Mp3 – 1998, iTunes/iPod – 2001, iPhone – 2007
  10. 10. America • Trade Europe and Africa, with central and northern America • New music forms – blues, jazz, country, rock • Slaves – syncopation (beat rhythm), story telling, worker songs, African church music = The Blues • Jazz = African blues + European styles • New Orleans – add Latin influence • 1920’s – Hill Billy music/ country, down south, British settlers
  11. 11. Globalising USA popular music • After WW2 – America flourished economically, money for luxuries • Amercian way of life, music – seen as the way for other countries • Companies – opened franchises, spread across USA • Exported huge amounts of American culture – movies, music = cultural diffusion • Resistance by Germany, adapted by locals, adopted by most
  12. 12. Oh the beautiful 1950’s • 1950’s – radio stations with a certain style and audience, started mixing it up • Black and white styles mixed and people were exposed to new music • Elvis – gospel sound, Chuck Berry – country sound. • Blend = Rock and Roll • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DTh406JSLPg
  13. 13. • Chuck Berry • The Platters • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Pg3RucwCMM • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ab68Z4U_cEw • 1965 – The rat pack: Sammy Davis Jr, Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin and Johnny Carson
  14. 14. • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gj0Rz-uP4Mk • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lzQ8GDBA8Is • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QFq5O2kabQo
  15. 15. The awesome late 60’s • Classic rock • The Beatles • Crosby, Stills and Nash • The Birds • The Who • Led Zepplin • Jimi Hendrix • Pink Floyd
  16. 16. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zBhzJjjlMkE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sjzZh6-h9fM
  17. 17. Interconnection • Performers from UK in USA – The British Invasion • 5SOS • USA heavy metal, now Scandinavia/ Germany • MNCs, syndicate radio stations • What does the fox say?
  18. 18. Woppa Gangnam Style • K-pop: Korean pop • in a language we don’t understand • Music video – old idea • Modern technology: fb, youtube, tv, radio • 2 billion views • Toured the world • Most popular in Middle East and Asia = shift of music away from USA
  19. 19. • A girl who is warm and humanle during the day A classy girl who know how to enjoy the freedom of a cup of coffee A girl whose heart gets hotter when night comes A girl with that kind of twist • I’m a guy A guy who is as warm as you during the day A guy who one-shots his coffee before it even cools down A guy whose heart bursts when night comes That kind of guy • Beautiful, loveable Yes you, hey, yes you, hey Beautiful, loveable Yes you, hey, yes you, hey Now let’s go until the end • A girl who looks quiet but plays when she plays A girl who puts her hair down when the right time comes A girl who covers herself but is more sexy than a girl who bares it all A sensable girl like that • I’m a guy A guy who seems calm but plays when he plays A guy who goes completely crazy when the right time comes
  20. 20. Australia • English colony, then USA influence accepted • Aboriginal music – didgeridoo, many different tribes, many differnt styles of music/dance = cultural tourism • Modified/ adapted to include Australian flavour • Didgeridoo in 2011 Wall street protest • Adaptation of Reggae, Hip hop, country, Aboriginal rock groups – Jimmy Little, Yothu Yindi • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S7cbkxn4G8U • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0YOGf_MExY
  21. 21. Bush ballads • Adapted to reflect Aussie life/ language – Waltzing Matilda • Scottish military tune, aussie life during a shearer’s strike • About moving around trying to find work • Aus pub rock – pubs are loud = songs, ACDC, INXS • Local situation will influence music style
  22. 22. Waltzing Matilda • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SANzC9- a5yo
  23. 23. • Not just success in Aus, need global success • Compete with all global artists • Kylie Minogue, Iggy Azalea • Use music as a way to preserve local culture – Narrogin hip hop CD using Noongar language
  24. 24. Today’s geography • Mostly internet, no location but • Venues – Madison Square Garden, Acropolis, Sydney Opera house, Isle of Wight festivals • Locations – New Orleans, Argentina, Greece • Music pilgrimage – Woodstock, Elvis’s house, Penny lane, beatles crossing, graves • Instruments – Yamaha, Gibson, Steinway • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cNSWy242Ano

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