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Las vanguardias

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Las vanguardias

  1. 1. LAS VANGUARDIAS El Vanguardismo es una corriente artística europea surgida a partir de 1910 que tiene diversas manifestaciones: futurismo, cubismo, surrealismo, dadaísmo etc... Se caracterizan por su ruptura con la tradición anterior y por el intento de crear nuevas formas artísticas y literarias. Se desarrolla en España y Europa.
  2. 2. PRINCIPALES MOVIMIENTOS -Futurismo: Fue el primer movimiento de vanguardia a partir de 1910 y tuvo su principal representante en el italiano Marinetti. Los futuristas exaltaban los rasgos de la modernidad y mostraban la realidad en pleno movimiento. -Cubismo: el origen de este movimiento es pictórico, rompe con la perspectiva única y la introduce múltiple. Pretende reflejar la realidad a través de la simultaneidad de sus formas geométricas más significativas.
  3. 3. -Dadaísmo: es un movimiento que se refleja en la publicación de manifiestos y en la celebración de actos donde los dadaístas se exhibieron a sí mismos en actitudes provocadoras mediante las cuales querían acabar con las convenciones. -Surrealismo: nace en Francia tras la Primera Guerra Mundial. Propone la exploración en las capas profundas de la consciencia y en el mundo de los sueños para conocer la totalidad del individuo, liberarlo de los convencionalismos morales y sociales y convertir el contenido subsconciente en materia artística.
  4. 4. “ LUNES EN LA CALLE CHRISTINE” Querido señor Usted es un piojoso Esta señora tiene la nariz como una lombriz Luisa ha olvidado su abrigo de pieles Yo sin abrigo y sin pasar frío El danés fuma su cigarrillo consultando el horario El gato negro atraviesa la cervecería. -Autor: Apollinaire -Vanguardia: Cubismo
  5. 5. Virginia Woolf Virginia Woolf was an English author, essayist, publisher, and writer of short stories, regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century. During the interwar period, Woolf was a significant figure in London literary society and a member of the
  6. 6. HER LIFE Virginia Woolf (Adeline Virginia Stephen; London, United Kingdom, 1882-Lewes, go., 1941) British Writer. Daughter of sir Leslie Stephen, distinguished critic and historian, grew in an environment frequented by writers, artists and intellectual. After the death of her father, in 1905, it was established by her sister Vanessa - painter who would marry the critic Clive Bell - and her two brothers in Bloomsbury's London neighborhood, which turned into center of meeting of former university companions of her major brother, between whom they were appearing intellectual of the height of the writer E. M. Forster, the economist J. M. Keynes and the philosophers Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein, and that would be known as the group of Bloomsbury.
  7. 7. Her main literary production During the interwar period, Woolf was a significant figure in London literary society and a member of the Bloomsbury Group. Her most famous works include the novels Mrs Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927) and Orlando (1928), and the book-length essay A Room of One's Own (1929), with its famous dictum, "A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction." Virginia was a special woman writer because The fifth woman chosen to commemorate the international month of the woman is Virginia Woolf, English writer who represents the best of the modernist current in his(her,your) language and belonging to the group of artists known like " Those of Bloomsbury ".
  8. 8. “La Belle Époque” La Belle Époque est apparue en France, après la Première Guerre Mondiale, sous ce terme on désigne les anées de paix comprises entre l`Exposition universelle de Paris de 1878 et le début de la Première Guerre Mondiale en 1914. Le régime est le républicain.
  9. 9. CARACTÉRISTIQUES GÉNÉRALES Le plus privilégies possèdent maitenant le téléphone, l´électricité , l´eau courante et même le chauffage central. Le train révoluttione les comunications rurales et le premier métro commence à circuler à Paris. La population française augmente, l´agriculture se développe grâce aux nouvelles techniques, les villes sous l´eect d´une immagration paysanne massive doublent, la masse d´ouvriers en cesse pas de s´accroître, les salaires augmentent, des partis politiques établissent leurs bases sur le prolétariat, le syndicalisme se développe.
  10. 10. CLAUDE DEBUSSY Il a été un compositeur français. c'était l'une des forme les plus proéminentes de la musique impressionnist. Debussy est l'un de compositeurs les plus importants français et une forme centrale dans la musique européenne de fins du XIXe siècle et les commencements du XXe siècle. Il a été nommé Chevalier de la Légion de Honor en 1903
  11. 11. THE VANGUARD The nationalism was born at the beginning of the 19th century as a feeling of belonging to the same community or nation which members share a common past, a language and a culture.
  12. 12. FIRST WORLD WAR The First War Mundia was a clash different from those who had taken place till then. Characteristics: -New armaments and defensive systems, new technical advances and other systems of fight. -Incorporation to the labor world of the woman. -Armament production, it suffered rationings, intervention of the State in the economy. - The propaganda It has a very important paper Phases: -The war of movements -The war of positions -Decisive events - The end of the war
  13. 13. RUSSIAN REVOLUTION At the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century, a rapid process took place of industialización with the capital and technology foreigners that it gave place to the formation of an urban proletariat. During this epoch Russia suffered a serious national crisis due to his military defeat in East opposite to Japan, in 1905. Consequences: - Revolution of 1905 and formation of a Duma In February, 1917, there took place a revolution that overthrew the czar Nicolás II, the Duma yestableció restored a provisional Government, formed for socialist and liberal. Later profujo the Revolution of October.
  14. 14. HISTORICAL MAP
  15. 15. GARIBALDI
  16. 16. HECHO POR: Nerea Melero Arellano Eva María Maldonado Nin De Cardona Sara Yélamos Hoyo Alejandro Romero Martín

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