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Lifespan Psychology Lesson 9 Middle Adulthood

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CC-BY-SA 3.0 Lifespan Psychology Lesson 9 Middle Adulthood by Laura Overstreet https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0B0b0olJJwIXAdms0SEhiblY3Mms&usp=sharing&tid=0B9nrmpuRmC4ENjVGdVo3dVh6NzQ

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Lifespan Psychology Lesson 9 Middle Adulthood

  1. 1. Middle Adulthood A Look At Physical Changes That Start To Occur Between Ages 40-65
  2. 2. Developmental Tasks  Losing parents/grief  Launching children  Adjusting to life without children  Dealing with adult children who return  Becoming grandparents  Preparing for late adulthood  Acting as caregivers
  3. 3. Physical Changes  Most experience good health  Risk of disability  Vision  Hearing  Joint Pain  Weight Gain
  4. 4. Impact of Lifestyle  Risks to health  Poor diet  Stress  Smoking tobacco  Drinking alcohol  Physical inactivity  Chronic disease  Preventative Measures  Challenging physical and mental activity  Weight bearing exercise  Good nutrition  Social resources
  5. 5. Physical Changes: Climacteric (Menopause)  Loss of estrogen  Mid 40s to Mid 50s  All complete this by 58  Change in menstrual cycle  Other changes  No more reproduction  Cultural variation
  6. 6. Andropause?  Reproductive ability continues  Lowered testosterone levels due to stress/sexual inactivity
  7. 7. Climacteric and Sexual Expression  Climacteric affects reproduction in females  Physical intimacy still important  Practicing safe sex still important
  8. 8. Lifestyle Changes: Exercise  Exercise helps keep muscles strong  Reduces stress  Increases energy  Weight training promotes bone density
  9. 9. Food Pyramid: February 2005 The New Food Pyramid
  10. 10. The Ideal Diet  Low in cholesterol (<300 mg per day) HDL/LDL should be 4 to 1  Low in sodium  High in fiber  Low in sugar/starch  Alcohol in moderation (1-2 servings per day)
  11. 11. Cognitive Development A Look At Formal and Postformal Thought During Midlife
  12. 12. Formal Operational Thought  Formal operational thought varies  Not achieved in all areas  Tied to experience  Tied to education
  13. 13. Increases and Decreases  Increases with age:  Tacit knowledge  Verbal memory  Spatial skills  Inductive reasoning  Wisdom? It depends  Decreases:  Working memory  Speed of process
  14. 14. Older Adult Students  Relevance not rote  Accuracy over speed  Minimize distractions  Harder to learn when fatigued  Learn better with slower pace
  15. 15. The Expert Vs the Novice  Midlife is a time of gaining expertise  Experts and novices work differently  Experts: intuition  Experts: less conscious  Experts: are better at handling unusual situations
  16. 16. Psychosocial Development A Look At Psychological Concerns and Relationships During Midlife
  17. 17. Levinson’s Theory  Does everyone have a “midlife crisis”?  Why do some people have them?  What does it look like?  How long does it last?  Why is it more extreme than the age 30 transition?
  18. 18. Erikson  Generativity vs. Stagnation  Feeling either productive or stuck  Productivity can occur in work, in an avocation, or in family life  Encore careers?
  19. 19. Family Relationships  Adult Children and tolerance  Overload stressors  Launching concerns  Kinkeepering  Caregiving
  20. 20. Singles  25% households  Marrying older; more staying single  Are singles happier than married people?  Happiness depends on reasons why (single or spouse-free?)
  21. 21. Stein’s Types of Singles  Voluntary temporary  Voluntary permanent  Involuntary temporary  Involuntary permanent
  22. 22. INTRINSIC VS UTILITARIAN MARRIAGES
  23. 23. Cuber and Haroff’s Types of Marriages  Conflict-habituated  Devitalized  Passive-congenial  Vital  Total
  24. 24. Gottman’s work on what harms a marriage MARITAL COMMUNICATION
  25. 25. Four Warning Signs (marriage killers)  Criticism  Contempt  Defensiveness  Stonewalling
  26. 26. Stations of Divorce  Emotional  Legal  Economic  Coparental  Community  Psychic
  27. 27. Remarriages  Half of all marriages are a remarriage  Courtships, quicker, sex sooner, kids faster, redivorce quicker  Divorce rates are higher if children involved
  28. 28. Productivity at Work  Varied experiences  Peak of career  New skills training  Encore Careers  Flexibility
  29. 29. Personality in Midlife  The Big Five  Agreeableness increases  Openness and neuroticism decreases  Jung and maturation

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