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Future of Integrated Transport Systems: Best Sustainable Practices Around The World

  1. INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ROORKEE Course Work (CTN-612) Presentation on Presented by: Minakshi Patel Research Scholar, HRED, IIT Roorkee Future of Integrated Transport Systems: Best Sustainable Practices Around The World
  2. 2 Contents • Integrated Transport System • Aspects of an Integrated Transport System • Expectations of an Integrated Transport System • Best Sustainable Practices Around The World • References
  3. 3 Integrated transport system • It is covers the entirety part of a city's territory, and which offers to use a multi-modal transport system where different modes of transport are efficiently linked with each other through infrastructure, fare model, and common validation systems [1]. Figure 1: Integrated Transport System Source:
  4. 4 Aspects of an integrated transport system • Physical integration- refers to the construction of public transportation networks that encompass the whole city, as well as the necessary infrastructure to guarantee an easy transfer to the user between different lines and modes within the system. Infrastructure integration Accessible connectivity Source: Solution e-learning
  5. 5 • Operational integration: implies the coordination of routes, services, schedules, and frequencies between the various lines and modes of the system Aspects of an integrated transport system Transport planning Service scheduling Routes definition Source: Solution e-learning
  6. 6 Aspects of an Integrated Transport System • Fare integration: refers to the payment of a unique fare, or reduced fares for combined services (transfers) throughout the whole system, regardless of the mode used. It also suggests the use of technology and a unified payment system.  Recently launched RuPay card with motive of “One nation, one mobility card”  This debit card issued in the last 18 months by 23 banks to swipe these for Metro travel  This facility will become available on the entire Delhi Metro network by 2022 Financial schemes payment mode Fare system Source: Solution e-learning
  7. 7 Expectations of an integrated transport system  Coverage: • It should be able to provide service to the most part of the urban territory, even in low-demand areas. • Stations and bus stops must be located at walking distance and easily accessible from both origin and destination points.  Availability: The system should work when the user needs it. This is achieved by combining two variables: • Frequency • Performance Schedules
  8. 8 Expectations of an integrated transport system  Lower travel times: This can be achieved not only by increasing the average speed of the various modes of transport, but also reduce that impact the time by combining these factor :- • Construction of exclusive infrastructure • Increasing the frequency of the units • Improving accessibility to stops stations • Pre-boarding payment mechanisms Source: Mckinsey report Before After
  9. 9 Expectations of an integrated transport system  Affordable fares: • The system must establish a fare and a payment method that is affordable for the low-income population, without sacrificing quality conditions of the service.  Reliability: • The system must offer high levels of reliability in terms of frequency, trip speed and routes, so as to allow for trip planning.
  10. 10 Expectations of an integrated transport system  Quality: • It must establish and guarantee service quality standards, that ought to translate into more comfortable • Safe trips for both, the passengers and the remainder of the users on the road.  Flexibility: • This system must offer an answer to the users' changing travel needs. • The greater the coverage, frequency and operation schedules, the greater the freedom of the user to move about in the city.
  11. 11 Expectations of an integrated transport system  Accessibility: • The system must offer the ability for any user to access it wherever he/she wants to go. • It is necessary to have vehicles, stations and stops conceived for every type of user, specially people visually impaired, and people carrying bulky packages. Pedestrian Source: Mckinsey report Low floor bus
  12. 12 • The first section was commissioned in December 2002. • It carries 2.8 million passengers, replacing 400,000 vehicles on the road. • Saving 300,000 tons of oil import per year. • Preventing 70 tons of pollutants every day(2017). • Each commuter saves 32 minutes in his/her journey. • About 135 road fatalities are avoided per annum [2]. Delhi metro: A low carbon & sustainable urban transport solution Delhi Metro Source: DMRC website
  13. 13 • Target to achieve carbon neutral city by 2025 • 1/3 of all journey done by bicycle mode • 62 % people using bicycle for daily work • Dedicated network of paths, including innovative bridges, which form cycling superhighways across the city • Since, increase 76% cyclist sense of safety [3] World’s most bicycle friendly city-Copenhagen Cycle pathway Source: Copenhagen city
  14. 14 Octopus smart card in Hong Kong • The Octopus Smart Card is a contactless smart card payment system that started in 1997. • Minimum information needed for payment. • Over 14 million transactions are made every day. • Hong Kong has one of the most advanced public transport systems in the world. • 93% of transport trips are made by public transport [4]. Display of smart card Source: Octopus Holdings Ltd
  15. 15 Sustainable bio-jet fuel • According, the International Air Transport Association (IATA):-  Reduce CO₂ emissions by 20–98% compared to conventional jet fuel of aviation. • Bio-aviation fuel (BAF) is a biofuel used to power aircraft. • In 2019, the IATA is targeting to achieve for a 2% penetration by 2025 and Indonesia government has achieved 3% by 2020 [5]. Source: ICAO(Fueling station)
  16. 16 Electric mobility • Electric vehicle are great modes of green transportation because they don’t release any harmful emission into the environment. • Norway has the highest market penetration per capita in the world and achieved 50% registered is plug -in electric in end of December, 2020. • China’s auto industry is rapidly turning all electric and aims at having around 5 lakh public charging stations by 2022. • UK and France are targeting 100 % electric cars by 2040 [6].
  17. 17 Electric mobility in India • Only 1% of total vehicle sales is related EV, in that 95% of sales from electric two-wheelers, December 2019 [7]. • In NITI Aayog report-Government of India target to achieve 30% electric vehicles by 2030. • According to the Department of Heavy Industry, India; Only 150 charging stations have, and sanctioned the 2636 number of charging stations across 62 cities.
  18. 18 Electric mobility in India • Electric vehicle sales in India grow up 20% in 2019-20, 1.56 lakh EVs were sold in the country in 2019-20 as against 1.3 lakh units in the previous fiscal Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles (SMEV). • Total EV sales in 2018 hit 36,592 units and expected to grow 36% annually till 2026 and Battery rise to 30% by 2026 from 2018, India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA). • Billionaire Elon Musk’s Tesla Inc. has set up a subsidiary in Bengaluru ahead of a planned introduction of its electric cars in India this year
  19. 19 References 1. R. C. Horsley, “Integrated Transport,” Logist. Inf. Manag., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 42–45, 1993, doi: 10.1108/09576059310026214. 2. “Delhi Metro” [online] Available: on:25/01/2021) 3. “World economic forum” [online] Available: makes-copenhagen-the-worlds-most-bike-friendly-city/(Accessed on:26/01/2021) 4. “Octopus Holdings Ltd.” [online] Available: on:26/01/2021) 5. “ICAO” [online] Available: protection/GFAAF/Pages/default.aspx /(Accessed on:26/01/2021) 6. P. Recommendations, U. N. Secretary-general, H. A. Group, and S. Transport, “Transport for Sustainable Development,” Transp. Sustain. Dev., 2016, doi: 10.18356/2c1884f4-en. 7. CEEW, "India’s Electric Vehicle Transition: Impact on Auto Industry and Building the EV Ecosystem,” no. October, 2019, [Online].Available : CEEW-IndiaElectricVehicleTransitionReportPDF26Nov19.pdf. (Accessed on:25-11-2020)
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