Error control codes are necessary for transmission and storage of large volumes of date sensitive to errors. BCH codes and Reed Solomon codes are the most important class of multiple error correcting codes for binary and non-binary channels respectively. Peterson and later Berlekamp and Massey discovered powerful algorithms which became viable with the help of new digital technology. Use of Galois fields gave a structured approach to designing of these codes. This presentation deals with above in a very structured and systematic manner.