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Islam and concept of education by Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar

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Islam and concept of education by Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar

  1. 1. Islam and concept of Education By Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 1
  2. 2. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 2
  3. 3. Basic practices (the five “pillars”) n Salat (prayers) Five daily prayers, obligatory for all men, women & youth n Shahada (affirmation) “I testify that there is only ONE God and Mohammed is the final Messenger of God” n Zakat (alms) Yearly distribution of 2.5% of the wealth of every well-to-do Muslim to the poor n Sawm (fasting) Daily fasting (from dawn to dusk) by all men, women & youth for the month of Ramadan n Hajj (pilgrimage) A trip to Mecca (at least once in a lifetime) by all men & women who are healthy and have resources
  4. 4. In the name of Allah (God), Most Gracious, Most Merciful
  5. 5. Importance of Education  Allah says:  Here the faculties mean the use of hearing (collecting info), seeing (observation), and thinking (deriving new results).  Whichever group excels in using it becomes the leader, especially when Muslims do not follow Islam. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 5
  6. 6. Importance of Education Difference between a Muslim and a non-Muslim and/or Kafir is in two areas:  Knowledge; and  Action Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 6
  7. 7. Knowledge – attribute of Allah. (‘Aleem)   Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 7
  8. 8. The only source – Allah (ayatal-Kursi) Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 8
  9. 9. Importance in Islam 5 words (on learning) in the first 5 verses Revealed in an age which was not information age In a society of Ummiy-yoon where extremely few knew how to read and write The Prophet himself was Ummi Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 9
  10. 10. Reading Mentioned Twice in the First 5 Verses!!!  It emphasizes that we should be real and prolific readers. The tragedy is that when it comes to Qur’an:  They (the others) read to learn; and  We learn to read (and stop there). We don’t try to understand the Qur’an!!! Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 10
  11. 11. Importance of knowledge in Islam  Allah has taught the Prophet pbuh, the supplication: O my Lord! Increase me in knowledge. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 11
  12. 12. Prophet’s role The Prophet pbuh said: (I am sent as a teacher.) Allah says: Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 12
  13. 13. Prophet’s roles – The Comprehensive Education The verse mentions 4 roles: • Recite the verses • DoTazkiah: Purify their lives (from negatives) and enhance good qualities • Teach them the Book • Teach them the Hikmak The above 4 are the real areas of education in Islam. It is not just delivering information. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 13
  14. 14. Information or knowledge or much more…  Our condition: “We are drowning in information and starving for knowledge.”  Hikmah is an abundant and huge gift of Allah. It shows us how to use the knowledge.  Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 14
  15. 15. Types of (knowledge) There are only 2 types of knowledge in Islam: 1. Beneficial; and 2. Not beneficial Note the supplications of the Prophet pbuh:  (O Allah! I ask you for the beneficial knowledge).  (O Allah! I take refuge inYou from useless knowledge). Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 15
  16. 16. Classification of (knowledge) in Islam according to Importance 1. Obligatory ( ) 2. (Obligatory on society) 3. (Desirable) 4. (permissible) 5. (detested) 6. (prohibited) Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 16
  17. 17. 1. Obligatory Knowledge On every Muslim; so that he can live Islamically. He should know the basics of:  Beliefs  Worships  Dealings  Prohibitions which lead to punishments  Etiquettes of life  Purification of heart Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 17
  18. 18. 2. Fard Kifayah In every locality, there has to be a group which knows these areas otherwise the whole society will be a sinner. These are ofTwo types. Those which are:  Means to know obligatory knowledge (Qur’an, Hadith, Fiqh, Arabic, ..). If we know Qur’an, we can know our creed…  Essential for a human society to excel others (Science, Technology, Economics, Business,Administration, Media…). Our focus is here, missing the first one!!! Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 18
  19. 19. Goal of Education in Islam  Not just to learn for the sake of learning  The goal should not to be left on children.They are too young to come up with one. You have to help them.  If you don’t specify the goal, they will make some mean or cheap goals Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 19
  20. 20. Allama Iqbal says:  Knowledge gives power. This power should be under Deen. Otherwise it is pure Satanic. A Muslim must Islamize his knowledge. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 20
  21. 21. The Islamic Objectives 1. To produce individuals who believe firmly in the individual and collective system of Islam. To protect, practice, and promote it. 2. To help in knowing Allah and the ways to please Him using latest means at his disposal (as a Khalifah). 3. To develop morals by following the Prophet pbuh (Ta’leem +Tazkiah + Himkmah) Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 21
  22. 22. The Islamic Objectives (Contd.) 4. Live a balanced life (spiritual vs material; self vs society; spending vs saving; avoiding extremes) 5. To be expert in one’s own field 6. To have a vision and a mission along with discipline … within the limits given by Allah. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 22
  23. 23. Develop the Educational System Yourself  No nation can survive by copying the Educational system of others  Russians had developed their own after communist revolution.  Even in science, there are facts and interpretations  Interpretation depends upon culture (Ex:Water; Species) Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 23
  24. 24. Current Situation We have two streams of education  Deeni / Madrassa Education  Secular / School Education Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 24
  25. 25. Deeni / Madrassa Education.  Mostly out-of-date with current situation  Originally designed for producing civil servants (in Muslim rule); that is why living in India, you don’t find any syllabus for Dawah; or how to live and interact with others in a multi-cultural society;  Generates 1000’s of Huffaz but not even 1% know what they have memorized!  Yes, their contribution is immense. Especially in the absence of any alternative Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 25
  26. 26. Secular / School Education  Has no link with Islamic education.  A subject (on Islamic Studies) is there but it is confined mostly to beliefs, worship, and morals.  Nothing to do with the concept of knowledge. Nothing to relate oneself with other subjects. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 26
  27. 27. Secular Education  Students are taught Science, maths, social studiens, politics, history, law, management, economics, etc. etc. but no where do you see any Islamic perspective.  The one who has money and positions is the successful one (Media, culture)  Result: The whole life is built along non-Islamic lines. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 27
  28. 28. Current Status  For masses (of students), this is what we have  So, we need to work more to save our generation  Especially in the light ofTV/Internet and media onslaught against Islam and Muslims Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 28
  29. 29. Akbar Ilahabadi said (Urdu) Yon qatl se bachchon ke wo badnaam na hota Afsoos ke fir’oun ko college ki na soojhi  Pisr mein bu aaye kyonkar …  Doodh hai dabbey ka aur taleem hai sarkar ki Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 29
  30. 30. 95% of our Students Study in Schools  Do they have a goal of life? It is not a philosophical question.  After spending 15, 20 years in education, if a Muslim does not know his goal, it is a disaster!!!  Not just eat, live, and produce children (just as animals do) Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 30
  31. 31. Without Goal!!!  If our educated, leader, cream class does not have a goal, forget about others. It is a sign of a dying millat.  Especially so because this millat is not based on caste, color, race, or state. If it looses goal, … forget the future! Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 31
  32. 32. Secular Education Prepares Atheists & Materialistic Persons! Examples:  Science:Anomalous expansion of water. Not taught: The OneWho created sea creatures created water. This is not automatic.  History: Egyptology, the most imp. subject. Not taught:Why Moosa (A) is mentioned most in the Qur’an.  Economics: Not taught:You don’t have to rely on interest. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 32
  33. 33. When I graduated and went to the University library… I could hardly find books written by Muslims (in almost all sciences). I could not understand the role of Islam in history until I read:  “Islam and theWorld” by Ml. Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi  “Islam and Science” by Ml.Waheeduddin Khan  “Hijab” and “Al-Jihad fil Islam” by Ml. Maudoodi Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 33
  34. 34. My Goal then was…  Just to survive or have a good life.  As far as my role as a Muslim is concerned: It was limited to praying Namaz / Salah.  With time it improved to serve Muslims.  Now I know that it should be to serve humanity, not just Muslims. This is the way to serve Islam.  But this teaching simply does not exist in our educational system! Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 34
  35. 35. A Muslim’s Goal is Ibadah (in the full sense of the term) Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 35
  36. 36. The Goal is repeated more than 25 times everyday  Goal:To do Ibadah and be among the first group ( ) and not among the last 2. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 36
  37. 37. The Goal… Who are those ( ) :  Prophets, Truthful, Martyrs, and Righteous Let us just take the first group (Prophets) and the top among them. Muhammad pbuh. He followedAllah’s will and became the Most Successful (a/c to non-Muslims) He achieved peace and happiness (the ultimate goal) too. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 37
  38. 38. To achieve that goal…  Do our students ever bother to explore his Seerah in detail (his faith, his worshipping style, his time management, his attitude, his confidence, his relationship with others,)  Nobody tells them, nor prepares them, nor reminds them, nor gives them a plan, nor follows up their progress on this path. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 38
  39. 39. The Problem  We shoot directly into Aakhirah only  i.e., Pray Salah and you will be rewarded in Aakhirah  But Salah has to do withTODAY’S work too.  The 5 prayers (+Qur’an study etc) do not consume even 2 to 3 hours.  What about the rest of the day? Is it confined to only behaving well with others? Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 39
  40. 40. Imagine …  A Muslim country of an-‘amta ‘alayhim:  All Da’ees but beggars in every other area. No doctors, no engineers, no technicians, no nurses, no businessmen, no economists, …. All these are eitherChrisitians, Hindus, or Buddhists…  And when some outside power is unhappy, you can expect a boycott or an attack which may kill millions (as has happened to Iraq or Afghanistan). Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 40
  41. 41. Imagine another case:  A country/ society with a team of good Muslims and Da’ees  They have doctors, researchers, inventors, scientists, engineers, technocrats, economists, businessmen, managers, and all other experts.  Each group having very clear about its vision and mission as a Muslim;  Excellent interaction between them. Don’t you think Allah wants such a society for true Khilafah! Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 41
  42. 42. What after Salah?  Whatever you do… counts towards becoming excellent in your field.  Towards forming that excellent team.  So, for a student, he has to perform best in studies (with the right intention)  He reaches there step by step; day by day’s work.  He behaves best with parents, teachers, friends, etc.  Uses his time to optimum use. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 42
  43. 43. Areas of Islamic Education 1. God’s word – Based on revelation – 2. God’s world – Using the 3 faculties Allah gave to each one of us (listening, watching, and using mind) - Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 43
  44. 44. Comprehensive Education Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 44 Allah’s Word (Direct studies) Allah’s World (Supporting studies) To live in Allah’s WORLD and handle it according to Allah’s WORD… to become true Khalifah… to get HIS PLEASURE
  45. 45. Comprehensive Education ALLAH’S WORD ALLAH’S WORLD DIRECT STUDIES SUPPORTING STUDIES QURAN (and Hadith) STUDY Ayyamillah Allah’s world GOD’S KINGDOM HISTORY, CULTURE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY LAWS, ECONOMICS LANGUAGES ARTS Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 45 Start everyday with Allah’s word and then let the students go to study Allah’s world!!!
  46. 46. Important Features Islamic Education - 1  No division between religious and secular.  Up to high school, same syllabus for everyone  All essential subjects will be taught.  Supporting subjects (Maths, Sciences, etc.) will be taught in the spirit of Islam.  A student will look at this world with Islamic vision. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 46
  47. 47. Important Features Islamic Education - 2 After high school, education for Specialists in  Qur’an, Hadith, Fiqh, History  Tarbiyah, Dawah,  Islamic Social sciences  Islamic Philosophies  Comparative religion  Islamic Economists Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 47
  48. 48. Current Reality  No such system exists (in secular and most Muslim countries)  Islamic Studies is just one subject in our schools  It is the Most neglected, abused, and last in priority  No supervision or follow up for it  Most importantly – Qur’an is missing! (except for rote memorization of few Surahs and their translation passages) Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 48
  49. 49. If we keep Islam as …  If we keep it as the lowest priority  Our children will treat Islam as the lowest priority when they grow up Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 49
  50. 50. Islamic Education A responsibility on every one • School • Masjid • Home • Neighbors/elders/society • … Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 50
  51. 51. Taleem + Tarbiyah at home too  Do it at home too. You can’t rely on school alone  The parents have to get involved Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 51
  52. 52. An Appeal  Try to get understanding of the Qur’an teaching into curriculum of your school too. It is the most important subject.  Almost no school, even Muslim schools teach it to the full.  A high school graduate should be able to understand the full Qur’an and listen to at least a big book on Hadith (like Riyadhus-saliheen or Bulooghul Maraam).  It needs only 200 hours of teaching for adults and around 300 or little more for students. Visit for details. Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar 52