Abu Dhabi PT program for cranes inspection - Dr. Rehab Al Ameri

Mara International
Mara InternationalMara International
This document is confidential to the Quality and Conformity Council
Proficiency Testing-Inspection Body
Abu Dhabi Quality and Conformity Council
Presented By:
Dr Rehab Al Ameri & Eng. Osama Melhem
2
Cost of lifting equipment fatality
• 2008-2009, the economic cost of injuries and illness in Australia (construction sector) AUD6.4 billion = 23.2%
of operating profit (Safe Work Australia, 2012).
• In 2012, Wrightson also reported that the total cost to Washington from construction, crane-related deaths
and injuries for the three years (2008-2010) was US$ 762 million.
• Direct Costs include payments for hospital, financial compensation, physician and allied services. Wrightson (2012)
& Waehrer (2007)
• Indirect Costs refer to victim productivity losses, employer productivity losses and administrative cost
associated with an occupational accident.
• Quality of life Costs refer to the value attributed to the pain and suffering of victims and their families
together with market reputation.
3
The QCC is a council of Abu Dhabi’s regulators and industry
Source: Law #3/2009
1) 2011 budget does not include provisions for the Central Testing Laboratory or Metrology Centre
Enactment of the Abu Dhabi Quality Conformity Council
Council Composition Council Setup
Establishment Timeline
May 2009
Enactment
June 2010
Board #1/2010
September 2010 February 2011
First Service
Launched
Ensure that products, personnel and systems conform to
relevant quality standards set by the Emirate of Abu Dhabi to
achieve safety, health and environmental protection within
the Emirate
Develop Abu Dhabi’s Quality Infrastructure to raise overall
levels of product safety and quality, and enhance product
competitiveness on local, regional and international levels
through use of the Quality Mark
Adapted from QCC Enactment Law (Law #3 of 2009)
DMA
EAD
HAAD
ADFCA
ADWEA
ADNOC
RSB
DED
ESMA
ADC
ADDC
Abu Dhabi PT program for cranes inspection - Dr. Rehab Al Ameri
Vision
90%ofAD-CABs
servicesinternationally
recognized
-AD-CABs serving 90 % of the needs of UAE market
-CABS recognizing the best national & international
CABs to fulfill 100% of AD TrustMark and QCC
stakeholders needs.
Supporting Economy
• Open new markets
• Facilitate trade
• Attract investment
Localizing QI-knowledge
• Supporting the creativity, invention, R&D
development of the industry
• Reduce the cost and the time of QI services.
6
Incidence of
Lives and
Economy loss
Incompetent
IBs
Man power
Machine
Materials
Methods/Rules Money
Maintenance
Tech. regulation
Stakeholder
Mandate
Not capable for
Some tests
Faulty in right
Place
Customer requirement
Not competent
Expert junior
Ratio issue
No regulation
Wrong or obsolete
standards
Budget restriction or
Competition vs. revenues
Absent or in proper
Maintenance regimen
In proper parts
Process failure
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
3
3 2
1
2
6Ms causes of incompetent IBs
1
Tech.Regulation
59%
Inspectors training
23%
Stakeholder mandate
12%
Harmonized process
6%
Solution areas
Tech.Regulation Inspectors training Stakeholder mandate Harmonized process
8
Incidence of
Lives and
Economy loss
Incompetent
IBs
Man power
Machine
Materials
Methods/Rules Money
Maintenance
Tech. regulation
Stakeholder
Mandate
Not capable for
Some tests
Faulty in right
Place
Customer requirement
Not competent
Expert junior
Ratio issue
No regulation
Wrong or obsolete
standards
Budget restriction or
Competition vs. revenues
Absent or in proper
Maintenance regimen
In proper parts
Process failure
1
2
3
1
1
1 1
1
3
3 2
1
2
91% of problem solving
6Ms causes of incompetent IBs
9
Solution activities (2013-2014)
1. Technical regulation: Based on
international standard ISO/IEC 17020.
2. Stakeholder mandate: Abu Dhabi
Municipality mandated.
3. Technical training: Part I & Part II LEEA
courses were conducted for AD IBs.
Harmonized
Standards
Check List for
assessment
criteria
PT for
inspection
body
4. Harmonizing inspection and assessment process : Through
10
PT Program for IBs (Crane & lifting equipment accessories)
September 2014.
11
Project’s teams
Started from June 2013- executed on September 2014
QCC CABS:
1. Dr. Rehab AL Ameri ( Senior Specialist Conformity Assessment Body Services).
2. Eng. Osama Melhem (Senior Specialist Capability Development).
LEEA instructors:
1. Mr. Andrew Wright (Learning & Development Manager).
2. Mr. Craig Morelli ( LEEA Technical Instructor).
12
Methodology
Total of 25 inspectors representing 17 inspection bodies from Abu Dhabi, with different diversity ( age,
qualification, years of experience and nationalities ).
8 stations comprise with 8 items. Note book, measuring tools, pen, pencil, flash torch, lenses,
certificates of each tool, report forms, cloves, sanitizer, first aid box and a written instruction on the
Proficiency Testing all provided.
Each inspector will randomly inspect 2 stations. Both two stations compose of similar lifting
accessories with a different design defects.
A total of 90 min given equally to all inspectors for each station.
Each inspector should thoroughly examine and provide LEEA instructors with a final report from the
inspection process.
Next day, Inspectors were grouped based on the stations they previously inspected and discussion
between them to identify their practice (right or wrong), gaps, stereotyping mistake and harmonizing
inspection process, reporting and decisions.
Final session with LEEA instructors and QCC seniors with a delegates on common mistakes during the
inspection process, constrain and challenges facing inspection body in Abu Dhabi market, solutions and
recommendations
Abu Dhabi PT program for cranes inspection - Dr. Rehab Al Ameri
14
Results, conclusions and recommendation
15
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
Result(%)
Inspector's Ranking
Summary of over all inspectors results ranked from top to down
Correct Judgment
Faults Detection
16
38%
51% 48%
38%
50%
43%
53%
42% 41%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
1-Shackles
2-Eyebolts
3-Wireropesling
4-Chainsling
5-Wirerope
6-HandChainBlockorLeverHoist
7-Clamps
8-Textiles
9-Components
Faultsdetected(%)
Item type
(%) Faults detected by all participants / item
Average Line = 43 %
17
68% 68%
50%
56% 60%
76%
64%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
1-Shackles
2-Eyebolts
3-Wireropesling
4-Chainsling
6-HandChainBlockorLeverHoist
7-Clamps
8-Textiles
Judgmentlevel(%)
Item type
(%) of correct judgment level by all participants / item
Average Line = 64 %
18
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
Yearsofexperience
Inspector's Ranking
Effect of experience on judgment results
19
48
69
67
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
Without LEEA P1 With LEEA P1 With LEEA P1 + P2
Result(%)
Inspector
Effect of LEEA Training / Certification on the final judgment
Correct judgment (%)
20
67
63
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
From non-accredited IB From accredited IB
Result(%)
Inspector
Effect of Accreditation on the final judgment
Correct judgment (%)
21
Conclusions and Recommendations
• Technical Regulation is essential to complete the
cycle in enhancing the competency of inspection
bodies by allowing fair competent safe market.
• Harmonized check list with minimal criteria to be
checked during inspection process is fundamental.
• Adopting this PT program as a tool to assess
sustainability of inspector’s competency and
inspection process and to give better evidence to
accreditation body is highly recommended.
• Personal certification of inspectors is an
essential requirement prior practicing
inspection.
• Accreditation alone is not the only element
that ensure competency of inspection bodies.
• Accreditation and personal certification are
having a synergetic effect on the final judgment
of the inspectors, however, not the only tools
that can ensure the positive outcome and
correct decision from inspection process.
Abu Dhabi PT program for cranes inspection - Dr. Rehab Al Ameri
23
References:
• ISO/IEC 17020 : 2012 General criteria for the operation of various type of bodies performing inspection
• ISO 17043/IEC: 2010 General requirements for proficiency testing.
• www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au (Safe Work Australia, 2012).
• Cowley, J.C. & Homce, G.T, 2001. Occupational Electrical Injuries in the United State (1992-1998) and recommendations
for safety research: A Journal of National Institute for Occupational safety and Health, U.S.A.
• C.C.O.H.S. (2004). Canada’s National Occupational Health and Safety Resource. Vol. 2, Isssue9.
• Chen, Q & Jin, R, 2012. safety 4 Site commitment to enhance jobsite safety management and performance. Journal of
Construction Engineering and Management, 138, 509-519.
• Wadick, P. 2010, Safety culture among subcontractors in the domestic housing construction industry. Structural Survey,
108-120.
• Arocena, P, & Nunez, I, 2010. An empirical analysis of effectiveness of occupational health and safety management
systems in SMEs. International Small Business Journal, 398-419.
• Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2008, Crane – Related Occupational Fatalities, www.bls.gov
• www.leeaint.com/uk , LEEA standards.
• www.eams.gov.ae
• www.adm.gov.ae
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Abu Dhabi PT program for cranes inspection - Dr. Rehab Al Ameri

  • 1. This document is confidential to the Quality and Conformity Council Proficiency Testing-Inspection Body Abu Dhabi Quality and Conformity Council Presented By: Dr Rehab Al Ameri & Eng. Osama Melhem
  • 2. 2 Cost of lifting equipment fatality • 2008-2009, the economic cost of injuries and illness in Australia (construction sector) AUD6.4 billion = 23.2% of operating profit (Safe Work Australia, 2012). • In 2012, Wrightson also reported that the total cost to Washington from construction, crane-related deaths and injuries for the three years (2008-2010) was US$ 762 million. • Direct Costs include payments for hospital, financial compensation, physician and allied services. Wrightson (2012) & Waehrer (2007) • Indirect Costs refer to victim productivity losses, employer productivity losses and administrative cost associated with an occupational accident. • Quality of life Costs refer to the value attributed to the pain and suffering of victims and their families together with market reputation.
  • 3. 3 The QCC is a council of Abu Dhabi’s regulators and industry Source: Law #3/2009 1) 2011 budget does not include provisions for the Central Testing Laboratory or Metrology Centre Enactment of the Abu Dhabi Quality Conformity Council Council Composition Council Setup Establishment Timeline May 2009 Enactment June 2010 Board #1/2010 September 2010 February 2011 First Service Launched Ensure that products, personnel and systems conform to relevant quality standards set by the Emirate of Abu Dhabi to achieve safety, health and environmental protection within the Emirate Develop Abu Dhabi’s Quality Infrastructure to raise overall levels of product safety and quality, and enhance product competitiveness on local, regional and international levels through use of the Quality Mark Adapted from QCC Enactment Law (Law #3 of 2009) DMA EAD HAAD ADFCA ADWEA ADNOC RSB DED ESMA ADC ADDC
  • 5. Vision 90%ofAD-CABs servicesinternationally recognized -AD-CABs serving 90 % of the needs of UAE market -CABS recognizing the best national & international CABs to fulfill 100% of AD TrustMark and QCC stakeholders needs. Supporting Economy • Open new markets • Facilitate trade • Attract investment Localizing QI-knowledge • Supporting the creativity, invention, R&D development of the industry • Reduce the cost and the time of QI services.
  • 6. 6 Incidence of Lives and Economy loss Incompetent IBs Man power Machine Materials Methods/Rules Money Maintenance Tech. regulation Stakeholder Mandate Not capable for Some tests Faulty in right Place Customer requirement Not competent Expert junior Ratio issue No regulation Wrong or obsolete standards Budget restriction or Competition vs. revenues Absent or in proper Maintenance regimen In proper parts Process failure 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 3 3 2 1 2 6Ms causes of incompetent IBs 1
  • 7. Tech.Regulation 59% Inspectors training 23% Stakeholder mandate 12% Harmonized process 6% Solution areas Tech.Regulation Inspectors training Stakeholder mandate Harmonized process
  • 8. 8 Incidence of Lives and Economy loss Incompetent IBs Man power Machine Materials Methods/Rules Money Maintenance Tech. regulation Stakeholder Mandate Not capable for Some tests Faulty in right Place Customer requirement Not competent Expert junior Ratio issue No regulation Wrong or obsolete standards Budget restriction or Competition vs. revenues Absent or in proper Maintenance regimen In proper parts Process failure 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 2 1 2 91% of problem solving 6Ms causes of incompetent IBs
  • 9. 9 Solution activities (2013-2014) 1. Technical regulation: Based on international standard ISO/IEC 17020. 2. Stakeholder mandate: Abu Dhabi Municipality mandated. 3. Technical training: Part I & Part II LEEA courses were conducted for AD IBs. Harmonized Standards Check List for assessment criteria PT for inspection body 4. Harmonizing inspection and assessment process : Through
  • 10. 10 PT Program for IBs (Crane & lifting equipment accessories) September 2014.
  • 11. 11 Project’s teams Started from June 2013- executed on September 2014 QCC CABS: 1. Dr. Rehab AL Ameri ( Senior Specialist Conformity Assessment Body Services). 2. Eng. Osama Melhem (Senior Specialist Capability Development). LEEA instructors: 1. Mr. Andrew Wright (Learning & Development Manager). 2. Mr. Craig Morelli ( LEEA Technical Instructor).
  • 12. 12 Methodology Total of 25 inspectors representing 17 inspection bodies from Abu Dhabi, with different diversity ( age, qualification, years of experience and nationalities ). 8 stations comprise with 8 items. Note book, measuring tools, pen, pencil, flash torch, lenses, certificates of each tool, report forms, cloves, sanitizer, first aid box and a written instruction on the Proficiency Testing all provided. Each inspector will randomly inspect 2 stations. Both two stations compose of similar lifting accessories with a different design defects. A total of 90 min given equally to all inspectors for each station. Each inspector should thoroughly examine and provide LEEA instructors with a final report from the inspection process. Next day, Inspectors were grouped based on the stations they previously inspected and discussion between them to identify their practice (right or wrong), gaps, stereotyping mistake and harmonizing inspection process, reporting and decisions. Final session with LEEA instructors and QCC seniors with a delegates on common mistakes during the inspection process, constrain and challenges facing inspection body in Abu Dhabi market, solutions and recommendations
  • 14. 14 Results, conclusions and recommendation
  • 15. 15 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Result(%) Inspector's Ranking Summary of over all inspectors results ranked from top to down Correct Judgment Faults Detection
  • 18. 18 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Yearsofexperience Inspector's Ranking Effect of experience on judgment results
  • 19. 19 48 69 67 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Without LEEA P1 With LEEA P1 With LEEA P1 + P2 Result(%) Inspector Effect of LEEA Training / Certification on the final judgment Correct judgment (%)
  • 20. 20 67 63 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 From non-accredited IB From accredited IB Result(%) Inspector Effect of Accreditation on the final judgment Correct judgment (%)
  • 21. 21 Conclusions and Recommendations • Technical Regulation is essential to complete the cycle in enhancing the competency of inspection bodies by allowing fair competent safe market. • Harmonized check list with minimal criteria to be checked during inspection process is fundamental. • Adopting this PT program as a tool to assess sustainability of inspector’s competency and inspection process and to give better evidence to accreditation body is highly recommended. • Personal certification of inspectors is an essential requirement prior practicing inspection. • Accreditation alone is not the only element that ensure competency of inspection bodies. • Accreditation and personal certification are having a synergetic effect on the final judgment of the inspectors, however, not the only tools that can ensure the positive outcome and correct decision from inspection process.
  • 23. 23 References: • ISO/IEC 17020 : 2012 General criteria for the operation of various type of bodies performing inspection • ISO 17043/IEC: 2010 General requirements for proficiency testing. • www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au (Safe Work Australia, 2012). • Cowley, J.C. & Homce, G.T, 2001. Occupational Electrical Injuries in the United State (1992-1998) and recommendations for safety research: A Journal of National Institute for Occupational safety and Health, U.S.A. • C.C.O.H.S. (2004). Canada’s National Occupational Health and Safety Resource. Vol. 2, Isssue9. • Chen, Q & Jin, R, 2012. safety 4 Site commitment to enhance jobsite safety management and performance. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 138, 509-519. • Wadick, P. 2010, Safety culture among subcontractors in the domestic housing construction industry. Structural Survey, 108-120. • Arocena, P, & Nunez, I, 2010. An empirical analysis of effectiveness of occupational health and safety management systems in SMEs. International Small Business Journal, 398-419. • Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2008, Crane – Related Occupational Fatalities, www.bls.gov • www.leeaint.com/uk , LEEA standards. • www.eams.gov.ae • www.adm.gov.ae