As perceived to be the strongest political and
social entity in the west.
Was considered to be the cradle of politics and
Large and the other civilization locked up to it
as their model in terms of legislation and
one of the major contributions of the
Gazettes: first newspaper
made before the invention of
grave in metal or stone tablets
and then publicly displayed.
When paper was invented
publish matters became easier
Bound Books or CODEX
Through the invention of paper- it become easier and faster to write
everything happened in their time.
Record keeping- became easier since paper did not easily break.
Lightweight and did not occupy much space. Resulted to civilization
became fond of record keeping( historical event and legislative laws).
Literature was also changed forms from clay tablets to parchment
According to sources, Julius Caesar started the tradition of stacking of
papyrus to form pages of a book. Later on, they were able to provide
covers to protect the papyrus. Earlier covers was made of wax but were
later on replaced by animal skin, stronger and long lasting.
One of the most visual contributions of the Roman
empire to the world.
Considered a continuation of Greek architecture.
All engineering and architecture development was
fully supported and funded by the Roman
Able to implement major projects such as large
churches, (basilicas and cathedrals, coliseums,
The Roman aqueducts supplied fresh, clean
water for baths, fountains, and drinking
water for ordinary citizens.
The most recognizable feature of Roman
Aqueducts may be the bridges constructed
using rounded stones arches.
They were made from series of pipes, tunnels,
canals, and bridges.
Gravity and the natural slope of the land
allowed aqueducts to channel water from a
fresh water source, such as lake or spring to a
Devised their own number systems
specifically to address the needs for standard
counting method to meet their increasing
communication and trade concerns.
Although it is no longer used today because
of inherit limitations, a quite number of
enthusiast would prefer because of its
aesthetic and historical value.
Introduced by Julius Caesar the first
solar cycle based calendar which
dominates longer period in the Roman
world used until 1582 AD.
Due to the superstition that even
numbers symbolize bad fortune, the
Roman turned the months 29-31 days
long, the Julian Calendar Caesar
- THE ROMANS WERE GOOD AT
BUILDING ROADS AND BRIDGES,
BUT NOT SO KEEN ON MACHINES.