LEARNER-CENTERED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES
promote increased responsibility amongst students in
regards to their learning, support student development
through the use of a variety of activities, provide students
with opportunities to solve authentic problems, and
promote critical thinking by participating in activities
Cooperative learning, Presentations, Panels/Experts, KWL (or
KWHLAQ), Brainstorming, Learner-created media, Discussion,
Small group, Case studies, Jigsaw, Learning centers,
Experiments, Role play, Simulation, Laboratory, Workshop,
Demonstration, Index card, Inquiry-based, Mental models,
Project-based learning, Problem-based learning, Discovery
learning, Q & A session, Social media, Games or gamification,
Competitions, and Debate
Learner-centered teaching instructional strategies are the ff.
The educational system as a whole has undergone significant
changes in the last 50 years or so. Traditional educational
models have been very teacher-centered, with teachers
providing direct instruction and little to no opportunity for student
engagement or empowerment in their own learning. With a shift
in the model of content delivery, the traditional classroom model
has changed dramatically over the years. Student-centered
instruction is currently one of the most prominent themes in K-12
education, and teachers today use a variety of student-centered
learning strategies to equip, prepare, and produce students
capable of success after graduation.
The taditional teacher-centered instructional Model is vastly
different from a student-centered approach. In a student-centered
learning environment. Classrooms shift away from direct instruction
and toward a more community-driven environment that promotes
student empowerment, conversations, critical thinking skills,
independence, and problem-solving techniques. Change begins
with the teacher in student-centered classrooms. Student-centered
learning strategies necessitate and include students in the overall
planning, implementation, and assessment processes. As
educators refine and hone their instructional practices, consider the
following strategies for implementing a student-centered classroom:
Benefits of a Student-Centered Approach to
Students can use choice boards to choose which activities they will
complete to practice a skill or demonstrate understanding. Students
are given opportunities for ownership and empowerment in this
approach to learning, while teachers differentiate their instruction.
Choice boards can be used for more than just assessment; they
can also be used to introduce new material, provide supplemental
practice, or combine multiple parts of a lesson or unit.
Jigsaw/Stations/Centers. The Jigsaw method, despite being an
older concept, has evolved and been combined into a canter/station
approach. This strategy, in its most basic form, involves students
utilizing cooperative learning as they seek to put the "puzzle
together." Each student takes responsibility for individual component
of knowledge, then takes knowledge learned and gained and applies
it to the larger body of work (puzzle). I have seen this concept used at
the elementary, middle, and high school levels with teachers
establishing stations and centers in their classroom to help facilitate
the individual or group learning.
Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL). Student questions, ideas, and analysis
are highlighted and fostered in this learning strategy, which focuses on
the student perspective on a specific open question or problem. This
strategy is especially effective for getting students to go beyond basic
knowledge and into a deeper understanding of critical thinking,
evidence-based reasoning, and creative problem solving. Case studies,
group projects, and research projects, among other things, can be
included as components of a lesson in inquiry-based learning. More in-
depth connections to the material allow students to hone skills that are
extremely valuable in the world we now live in.
Project-Based Learning and Problem-Based Learning are two types
of learning. Teachers have their own jargon, and you'll frequently hear
the term "POL" used in classroom discussions. Project-based learning
and problem-based learning are two learning strategies that are
becoming more popular.
Students in project-based learning work on longer tasks that
culminate in the creation of a unique presentation or product. This
learning strategy places a strong emphasis on student collaboration,
communication, and creativity, with the teacher acting as a facilitator of
student work and progress.
Problem-based learning entails shorter projects that examine a
current problem, and students collaboratively evaluate solutions to the
chosen problem, solve the problem, or report potential solutions and/or
findings through definition, research, and causes of the problem. Both of
these learning strategies make use of relevant, real-world connections.
providing students with valuable problem-solving and critical thinking
opportunities that will benefit them after graduation
Classrooms that are flipped. Teachers are constantly looking for
ways to maximize instructional time in the classroom. A flipped
classroom is a learning strategy that takes this into account. Outside of
the classroom, new or introductory content is delivered to students,
with teachers incorporating many of the previously discussed
strategies, such as choice boards or jigsawing, to allow student choice
in their learning. Readings, videos, pre-recorded presentations or direct
instruction, and research assignments are all examples of Learning
*FLEXIBLE LEARNING & TEACHING
-is a method of learning where students are given freedom
in how, what, when, and where they learn.
-flexible learning environment address how physical space
is used, how students are grouped during learning and how
time is used throughout teaching.
-refers to the ability to customize one's pace, place, and
mode of learning.
-better learning, better access and a better student experience.
-improved learning outcomes resulting from evidence- based and
thechnology enabled teaching methods.
-more choice in different kinds of learning; online, face-to-face, blended,
-day or night, on campus or off; flexible learning delivers more
-enchanced personalization of degree programs.
-more just in time learning options for carrer learners.
-improved learning experiences
-more global learning options and;
-more open content- learning.
[IMPORTANCE OF FLEXIBLE TEACHING APPROACH
Thr development of scientific research over recent decades has meant
school and educational establishment have to make great stides in
way ehey impart knowledge and imformation. What we have learned
helps us to teach and what we have learn is to throw the old school rule
book on how to educate a young mind.
WHAT IS FLEXIBLE TEACHING?
For a Teacher, no two days a alike. a learning environment
is an constant motion, filled of disruption, discussion and
nwe ideas. Lesson plans are an important part of the
If you aviod flexible teaching, instead sticking to your lesson
plan and ridgly enforcing the teaching you envisioned for the
lesson, you migth get out the information that you wanted to.
But is that really best way for children to learn?