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Ecosystem Based Fisheries Management & ICES

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Ecosystem Based Fisheries Management & ICES

  1. 1. @DickeyCollas ICES & EBFM Mark Dickey-Collas ACOM Chair
  2. 2. Roots of Ecosystem Based Management (EBM/EBFM); Ecosystem Approach Now embedded in much national/supranational legislation (e.g. EU marine strategy framework directive, marine spatial planning directive, common fisheries policy etc) Socio-ecological system https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2021.630547/full
  3. 3. Requesters of advice all committed to EBM Governments & intergovernmental organisations. NEAFC/OSPAR collective arrangement
  4. 4. https://www.ices.dk/advice/Pages/Ecosystem-approach.aspx ICES considers EBM as the primary way of managing human activities affecting marine ecosystems • Implementation of EBM is a continuous & iterative process • Principles of EBFM and EBM are clear • Being incorporated into every facet of ICES EU MSFD HELCOM
  5. 5. Key phrases: • management of human activities • achievement of good environmental status • consideration of collective pressures • sustainable use • regionalization • trade-offs • stewardship for future generations • optimization of benefits among diverse societal goals EBM & EBFM ‘aware’ advice is the responsibility of the advisory committee (ACOM). Advisory plan: https://www.ices.dk/news-and-events/news-archive/news/Pages/Advisory_Plan.aspx
  6. 6. Making advice for EBFM operational… 1. Influence of a dynamic ecosystem on fisheries 2. Impact of fisheries on the ecosystem 3. Put fisheries into context of other maritime activities & pressures EBM ‘aware’ framework & implementation plan being developed
  7. 7. 1. Influence of a dynamic ecosystem on fisheries • Where appropriate, account for productivity changes in stocks (recruitment, growth, natural mortality) in stock assessments, forecasts & reference points – audit of application. • Consider changes & overlaps in distribution of stocks in advice • Where appropriate, consider alternative productivity scenarios in management strategy evaluations (MSEs) – audit of application • Account for consequences of catches from mixed fisheries in advice
  8. 8. 2. Impact of fisheries on the ecosystem Develop metrics & report on • Occurrence & impact of bycatch in fisheries (Bycatch Roadmap) • Fisheries impact on & services from seabed, including vulnerable marine ecosystems (VMEs) • Synthesizes of status of fish stocks in an ecoregion • Trade off between seabed impact & value of catch https://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2020/2020/Roadmap_ICES_Bycatch_Advice.pdf
  9. 9. 3. Put fisheries into context of other maritime activities & pressures • Determine the priority anthropogenic pressures in an ecoregion • Develop metrics & report on trends in species biodiversity & ecosystem structure • Provide information & methods for Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas (EBSAs) designation • Assessment of threatened/endangered species & habitats • Monitor & report the occurrence of invasive species
  10. 10. https://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2020/2020/Guide_to_ICES_Advice.pdf EBFM is as much about how you give advice, as what is in the advice – 10 principles of ICES advice
  11. 11. Transparency of methods & approaches https://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2020/2020/Guide_to_ICES_Advice.pdf https://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2021/2021/Advice_on_fishing_opportunities.pdf 1.1.2 to be published in 2 weeks
  12. 12. Example EU request for pressure & impact of bottom contacting fishing gear on seabed, & trade-offs in the catch & value of landings • Clarify management objectives with EU • Data compilation & quality assurance • Method development & analysis • Peer review • Stakeholder engagement • Draft & publish advice http://ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2017/Special_requests/eu.2017.13.pdf VS
  13. 13. Experience from North Atlantic 1. EBM enables new benefits & opportunities; make the business case. 2. Yes, we can! Adequate mandates & effective tools exist for EBM. 3. Integration of human dimensions is essential for EBM; diversify the conversation. 4. Stakeholders don’t see their stake in EBM; engage & target ocean literacy to professionals. 5. A sustainable future requires a sustained investment in EBM; commitment is key. https://www.atlanticresource.org/aora/sites/default/files/GalleryFiles/ Publications/2019-06_Report_AORA_EA2OHS_vision_document.pdf
  14. 14. Thank you! @DickeyCollas @ICES_ASC
  15. 15. https://www.cbd.int/ecosystem/principles.shtml
  16. 16. Bottlenecks to implementing EBM Rudd et al 2018 • Conflicting interpretations of laws & mandates • Administrative practices, routines, power dynamics, maritime boundaries • Imbalance across industrial sectors • Challenges of stakeholder involvement & coproducing knowledge • Conceptualizing EBM is context-specific • Crises swamp longer-term priorities

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