4. The Philippine Revolution was a political and
military struggle waged by the people of the
Philippines, led by a group of national heroes and
military leaders, against Spanish colonial rule. The
revolution was fueled by decades of injustices,
corruption, and abuse committed by the Spanish
colonial government, the friars, and the Civil
Guard. This included the execution of Filipino
activists such as Jose Rizal and the murder of
priests who were falsely accused of inciting a
On August 23, 1896, the Philippine
Revolution officially started.
5. Philippine Revolution
The Philippine Revolution eventually led to the
declaration of Philippine independence on June 12,
1898, which was proclaimed by General Emilio
Aguinaldo y Famy, who was serving as the President
of the revolutionary government.
7. Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo was a key figure in the Philippine Revolution against
Spanish colonial rule in the late 19th century and was the first President of
the Philippines. During the revolution, he served as the commander-in-chief
of the revolutionary forces and declared Philippine independence from
Spanish colonial rule on June 12, 1898. He also played a crucial role in
establishing the First Philippine Republic and shaping its government and
8. Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista
a Filipino lawyer and a revolutionary who played a key role in the
Philippine Revolution against Spanish colonial rule in the late 19th
century. He is best known for reading the Proclamation of Philippine
Independence on June 12, 1898, declaring the Philippines a
sovereign and independent nation. Bautista was one of the leading
members of the revolutionary government established by Emilio
Aguinaldo, and served as a member of the Revolutionary Congress
and as a delegate to the Malolos Congress.
9. Jose Rizal
Jose Rizal was one of the most influential figures in the Philippine Revolution
and is widely considered as the national hero of the Philippines. Although he did
not actively participate in the armed struggle for independence, his ideas and
writings served as a catalyst for the revolutionary movement. Rizal's works,
such as "Noli Me Tangere" and "El Filibusterismo," exposed the injustices and
corruption committed by Spanish colonial authorities, inspiring Filipinos to
question Spanish rule and seek independence.
10. Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio was a Filipino nationalist and revolutionary who played a
key role in the Philippine Revolution against Spanish colonial rule. He was
born on November 30, 1863, in Tondo, Manila, and grew up in poverty.
Despite his lack of formal education, Bonifacio was a passionate advocate
for Philippine independence and was involved in several secret societies
dedicated to the cause of independence, including the Kataastaasan,
Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan, or the Katipunan.
11. Also known as Katipunan
Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng
mga Anak ng Bayan, commonly
known as the Katipunan, was a
secret society in the Philippines that
aimed to overthrow Spanish colonial
rule and gain independence for the
13. The Declaration of Independence of the Philippines was a significant event in the country's history. It marked
the end of Spanish colonial rule and the establishment of the Philippine Republic as a sovereign nation. The
events leading up to the declaration were as follows:
● Revolution against Spanish rule: The Philippine Revolution was a response to the injustices and abuses
committed by the Spanish colonial government, including the execution of national hero Jose Rizal and
other activists without a fair trial.
● Temporary halt of revolution: The revolution was temporarily halted by a peace agreement but resumed
when some of the terms were not met.
● Spread of revolution: The revolution was successful and spread quickly, leading to the eventual
independence of the Philippines.
● Establishment of Philippine Republic: On June 12, 1898, the Philippine Republic was officially declared
with Emilio Aguinaldo as its supreme head.
14. The Philippine Revolution officially began on August 23, 1896, with the Cry of Pugad Lawin, and gained momentum
over the next two years as revolutionary forces, led by Aguinaldo, engaged in battles with Spanish colonial forces.
The revolution was temporarily stopped by a peace agreement known as the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, which was signed
in December 1897, but resumed when some of its terms were not met.
The Cry of Pugad Lawin
15. The Battle of Manila Bay was a naval battle fought on May 1, 1898,
between the Spanish and American navies in the Philippines during the
Spanish-American War and Philippine Revolution.
The Battle of Manila Bay
16. On June 12, 1898, General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine independence from Spanish colonial rule in Kawit,
Cavite, after the defeat of Spanish forces in the Battle of Manila Bay. The proclamation marked the establishment of
the First Philippine Republic, with Aguinaldo as its president.
Declaration of Philippine Independence
17. Philippine Flag
The Philippine flag is a crucial symbol of the country's independence and its national identity. The
flag consists of a blue field with a white triangle on the left side and three stars within the triangle.
The triangle represents the emblem of the Katipunan, a secret society that inspired the revolution,
while the stars symbolize the three main islands of the Philippines: Luzon, Mindanao, and Panay.
The sun on the flag has eight rays, each representing one of the eight provinces that declared war
against Spanish rule, and signifies progress and civilization. The colors of blue, red, and white are a
nod to the flag of the United States, expressing gratitude for its support during the revolution. The
Philippine flag is an important symbol of the country's hard-won independence and its continuing
commitment to the values of freedom and democracy.
18. Historical Facts
Here are little to known facts about the Philippine flag:
1. The Philippine flag might be similar or resembles the American flag because it was intentionally made to look like that.
2. The Philippine flag was created in Hong Kong by Mrs. Marcela Marino Agoncillo - wife of the first Filipino diplomat
Felipe Agoncillo, with the help of her daughter Lorenza and Mrs. Delfina Herbosa Natividad.
3. The Philippine flag was first raised in Alapan, Imus Cavite on 28th of May 1898 in the middle of the war between
Filipinos and Spaniards. Contradicting what others believe, that it was first raised on 12th of June 1898 in Kawit
20. The Declaration of Independence of the Philippines is a reminder of the sacrifices
made by our ancestors for the peace and independence of our country. It is
important that we celebrate Independence Day to commemorate our journey as a
sovereign nation free from colonization. We must always pay homage to our
heroes and those who sacrificed their lives for the better future of our nation. The
declaration marked a new beginning for the Philippines as it started its journey
towards independence and self-determination.
Significance of Independence Day