3. Analyze the given illustration below and answer the following
questions. Write the answer on a separate sheet.
4. Guide questions:
1. What are the components of the terrarium?
2. Give the functions of each component in the
terrarium that enable life to sustain on it.
3.How can you compare the terrarium to an Earth
7. The planet Earth is home to varied life forms which interact
continuously with the non-living components. There are four
subsystems that composed the earth.
These include the atmosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere
and biosphere. Each of these systems, allow earth to keep
itself in balance. A change in one system will affect other
In this lesson, you will explain that the earth consists of
four (4) subsystems,across whose boundaries, matter
and energy flow.11
8. Earth is one of the inner planets in the solar system.
According to radiometric dating record, it is said to
be 4.56 billion years old. It is the only planet in the
solar system to harbor life. Earth is a closed system.
This means that if it gets what it wants, it does not
return it back. It gets energy from the Sun but
returns only some back to space. Biogeochemical
cycles drive the Earth’s subsystems. It is through
these cycles that earth materials are recycled and
replenish. The following are the definitions of the
9. 1. Atmosphere –. Its name rooted from the Greek
word atmos which means gas and sphaira which
means globe or ball
-A set of layers of gases that blankets the planet held
by the planet’s gravity. It is consisted of 78% nitrogen, 20.95%
oxygen, 0.93% argonand 0.04% water vapor including all other
gases. Different layers of theatmosphere include the
troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere andthermosphere.
- Atmosphere is affected by the Earth’s gravity, so this
is the reason why as the altitude increases the amount
of gases in the atmosphere decreases.
10. 2. Hydrosphere - Hydro is a Greek word which
is composed of all the water on Earth in any form
It is the liquid component of the Earth including
oceans,glacial waters, and freshwater bodies that
covers 70% of the earth’s surface;98% of the water on
Earth is saltwater.
Water on Earth is constantly and consistently moving
because of temperature and salinity. It also plays an
important role in absorption and redistribution of
11. 3. Geosphere -comes from the Greek word geos
It is the solid sphere of the earth. This is where
geologic processes such as volcanism and orogenesis
(mountain building) take place.
. It contains all the soil, rocks, and minerals present
in the crust to the core of the Earth.
It comprises the geologic landforms such as
mountains and hills.
The lithosphere is a part of the geosphere that is
composed of the solid,outermost part of the planet.
12. 4. Biosphere - came from the Greek word bios meaning life
-This is the living sphere of the earth.
It is the totality of all the ecosystems in the whole planet.
It compels us to interact with other living organisms with the influence of the abiotic
factors in the system.
It includes all animals, microbes, and plants.
It extends to the upper areas of the atmosphere where insects and birds can be
It also extends to the deep parts of the oceans where marine organisms can still
It is also in this zone that the interaction between the different subsystems is most
dynamic. In biosphere, each organism plays an important role to the food web.
If one is lost the others will be affected.
14. Matter and energy flows and cycle between the four
subsystems to sustain and make life on Earth possible.
Both of it can flow across the boundaries between each
The geosphere is where the rocky part of the earth is in
contact with water, air, and life.
It is also generally where the spheres intersect and affect
The processes that move matter and energy from one sphere
to another is called as sphere interactions.
Changes in any sphere greatly affect the other spheres as well
since all the spheres are interconnected system.
15. Direction. Identify the numbered figure below and give the
subsystem it represents. Write your answers in a separate
sheet of paper.
16. Concept Mapping
Directions: Complete the concept map by filling in the necessary information pertaining on the subsystems of the Earth. Analyze the flow of concepts through the diagram.
all To form
on or near
17. BIOSPHERE ATMOSPHERE
SOIL SPHERES OF THE EARTH
LAYER INTERACT ROCKS
EARTH’S SURFACE FOUR SPHERES
WATER GASES ALL FORMS
ALL LIVING THINGS
18. ___1. Which of the following is the reason for the importance of Earth’s
A. The subsystem influence Earth’s encounter with space objects.
B. The subsystems contribute scarcely in flow of matter and energy
C. The subsystems barely influence the survival of different organisms
D. The subsystems influence the climate, geological processes, and life on Earth.
____2. Why is the ozone layer important in sustaining life on earth?
A. It is where Earth satellites orbit and auroras show.
B. It influences hydro-meteorological phenomenon such as storms.
C. It shields the Earth from the Sun's ultraviolet radiation and keeps the planet
D. It is where celestial objects get burned and disintegrated upon entering
19. __3. Which subsystem helps regulate the temperature of
the Earth so we do not experience too much hotness or
A. Biosphere B. Geosphere C. Atmosphere D. Hydrosphere
__4. Which subsystem do bodies of water that surround
the Earth a part of?
A. Hydrosphere B. Geosphere C. Biosphere D. Atmosphere
__5. In which subsystem are gases such as oxygen gas,
water vapor, and nitrogen gas found?
A. Hydrosphere B. Geosphere C. Biosphere D. Atmosphere