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English project

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GRADE 8 ENGLISH
AFRO ASIAN LITERATURE

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English project

  1. 1. RAMAYANA MARYLOID T. GARCIA 8 ARTHROPODA
  2. 2. TheRamayanaisoneofthetwogreatIndianepics,theotherbeingtheMahabharata.TheRamayanatellsaboutlifeinIndiaaround1000BCEandoffersmodelsindharma.Thehero,Rama,livedhiswholelifebytherulesofdharma;infact,thatwaswhyIndianconsiderhimheroic.WhenRamawasayoungboy,hewastheperfectson.Laterhewasanidealhusbandtohisfaithfulwife,Sita,andaresponsiblerulerofAydohya."BeasRama,"youngIndianshavebeentaughtfor2,000years;"BeasSita."TheoriginalRamayanawasa24,000couplet-longepicpoemattributedtotheSanskritpoetValmiki.OralversionsofRama'sstorycirculatedforcenturies,andtheepicwasprobablyfirstwrittendownsometimearoundthestartoftheCommonEra.
  3. 3. Ithassincebeentold,retold,translatedandtranscreatedthroughoutSouthandSoutheastAsia,andtheRamayanacontinuestobeperformedindance,drama,puppetshows, songsandmoviesallacrossAsian.FromchildhoodmostIndianslearnthecharactersandincidentsoftheseepicsandtheyfurnishtheidealsandwisdomofcommonlife.TheepicshelptobindtogetherthemanypeoplesofIndia,transcendingcaste,distanceandlanguage.Twoall-IndianholidayscelebrateeventsintheRamayana.Dussehra,afourteen-dayfestivalinOctober,commemoratesthesiegeofLankaandRama'svictoryoverRavana,thedemonkingofLanka.Divali, theOctober-NovemberfestivalofLights,celebratesRamaandSita'sreturnhometotheirkingdomofAyodhya
  4. 4. Capital city of Kosalawhich was rules by Rama's father, Dashratha Island kingdom ruled by demon king Ravana kingdom ruled by king Janaka, Sita'sfather Kingdom ruled by Sugriva, leader of monkey tribe Remember this places? Solve the maze so that the given place/word will come out to it’s right definition.
  5. 5. ANALYZE THE PLOT OF THE RAMAYANA FOLLOW THE FORMAT
  6. 6. Identify the person in the picture 1. King of Ayodhya(capital of Kosala), whose eldest son was Rama. 2. Dasaratha'sfirst- born son, and the upholder of Dharma (correct conduct and duty). His wife is sita 3. Rama's wife, the adopted daughter of King Janak. 4. Rama's brother by Queen Kaikeyi. 5. A leader of the monkey tribe allied with Rama against Ravana. 6.The 10- headed king of Lanka who abducted Sita.
  7. 7. 6. Dasaratha'sfirst wife, and the mother of Rama. 8. Rama's younger brother by Dasaratha'sthird wife, Sumitra. When Rama and Sitawere exiled to the forest, Lakshmana followed in order to serve. 9. Brahman Sage and spiritual advisor to the King of Ayodhya. Offers the King important advice on all aspects of rule and major decisions, including the decision to let Rama go off and kill demons, and the decision to make him King.
  8. 8. KING OF AYODHYA Mother of the twins son son The king’s Favorite wife(2ndwife) son Mother of the main character Main character
  9. 9. REACTIONCONFLICT PROTAGONIST DEALING WITH THE ANTAGONIST ANTAGONIST DEALING WITH PROTAGONISTREACTION RESOLUTION
  10. 10. Recall other tradition. Use what you’ve learned! During previous discussions we’ve learned about different practices of different countries. Compare what you’ve just learn about Indian Tradition to the traditions and practices of other countries during previous lessons(state the country) Category INDIAN TRADITION OTHER COUNTRIES WEDDING GOD HEIRS OFFERINGS ETC.
  11. 11. MORAL LESSON MAIN CHARACTER Main character’s beloved Supporting Character Villain Other significant characters Other characters PLOT SETTINGS CONFLICT Resolution ENDING Other settings
  12. 12. Dasaratha--King of Ayodhya(capital of Kosala), whose eldest son was Rama. Dasarathahad three wives and four sons --Rama, Bharata, and the twins Lakshmana and Satrughna. Rama --Dasaratha'sfirst-born son, and the upholder of Dharma (correct conduct and duty). Rama, along with his wife Sita, have served as role models for thousands of generations in India and elsewhere. Rama is regarded by many Hindus as an incarnation of the god Vishnu, and by Southeast Asian Buddhists as an incarnation of the Buddha. Sita --Rama's wife, the adopted daughter of King Janak. Sita was found in the furrows of a sacred field, and was regarded by the people of Janak's kingdom as a blessed child. Bharata--Rama's brother by Queen Kaikeyi. When Bharatalearned of his mother's scheme to banish Rama and place him on the throne, he put Rama's sandals on the throne and ruled Ayodhyain his name. Hanuman --A leader of the monkey tribe allied with Rama against Ravana. Hanuman has many magical powers because his father was the god of the wind. Hanuman's devotion to Rama, and his supernatural feats in the battle to recapture Sita, has made him one of the most popular characters in the Ramayana. Ravana --The 10-headed king of Lanka who abducted Sita. Kaushlaya --Dasaratha's first wife, and the mother of Rama. Lakshmana --Rama's younger brother by Dasaratha'sthird wife, Sumitra. When Rama and Sitawere exiled to the forest, Lakshmana followed in order to serve. Vasishtha--Brahman Sage and spiritual advisor to the King of Ayodhya. Offers the King important advice on all aspects of rule and major decisions, including the decision to let Rama go off and kill demons, and the decision to make him King. Vishwamitra--An incredibly holy and powerful aseticwho enlists Rama's aid to kill a demon who is defiling his sacrifices. He then takes Rama and Lakshmana on various demon-killing adventures, training them and giving them celestial weapons. Finally, he escorts Rama to King Janak'scourt, where Rama lifts the magic bow and thus win's Sita'shand in marriage.
  13. 13. Dasharatha Sumitra Lakshmana Shatrughna Kaikeyi Barata Kaushlaya Rama Sita

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