Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Utilizamos tu perfil de LinkedIn y tus datos de actividad para personalizar los anuncios y mostrarte publicidad más relevante. Puedes cambiar tus preferencias de publicidad en cualquier momento.
WOMEN HEALTH
ISSUES
Dr Maryam Alam Khan
• Breast cancer
• Cervical cancer
• Anal fissure and hemorrhoids
• Reproductive Health
• Nutrition
• Psychiatric problems ...
Statistics
• Global burden rises to 14.1 million new cases and 8.2 million
cancer deaths in 2012!
• 34.6% of female cancer...
Risks for Breast Cancer
• Family history of malignancies
• Early Menarche Late menopause
• Nulli parity
• Having children ...
Sleep…and breast cancer risk
• Hormone of sleep--melatonin
• Immune booster, decreases circulating sex hormones
(estrogen,...
MYTH BUSTERS!!
• Abortion
• Under wire Bras
• Deodorants
• Fertility treatments
• Folic acid (folate)
• Viruses
SELF BREAST EXAMINATION
CERVICAL CANCER
RISK FACTORS
• cervical cancer is the fourth most
common cancer affecting women
worldwide (after breast, colorectal,
and l...
Screening: the PAP smear
Age group (years)
Frequency of
screening
25 First invitation
25 - 49 3 yearly
50 - 64 5 yearly
65...
ANAL FISSURE AND HEMORRHOIDS
CAUSES
• Constipation!!!!!!!
• Low fiber diet!
• Prolonged straining!
• Meat!
• Pickles and spices!
• Pulses!
PREVENTION AND
TREATMENT
• Lifestyle modification
• Medications
• Surgery
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
EARLY
MARRIAGES!
• Psychological issues
• STDs and cervical cancer
• Pregnancy and nutritional
problems
• Childbirth : VVF...
LATE MARRIAGE
• Down’s syndrome!
• Weak bones
• Co morbidities
• Mother hood potentials
FAMILY PLANNING
• Reduce health burden
• Decreased abortions
• Reduce financial burden
• Focus one child at a time
• Popul...
METHODS
PREGNANCY
• Regular check ups!
• Proper diet
• Multi vitamins
• Back ache and relation to spinal anesthesia!!!!
INFERTILITY
• Male vs female infertility
Causes of Female Infertility
• Ovulation problems
• Poly cystic ovaries
• Endometriosis
• Tubal problems(PID)
• Fibroids
Methods to Conceive
• Medical
• Surgical
• Male partner
• IVF (in vitro fertilization)
• GIFT (Gamete intra fallopian tran...
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE
• Chlymadia
• Gonorrhea
• Syphillis
• Hepatitis B/C
• Scabies
• Trichomoniasis
• Herpes
• HPV...
PSYCHIATRIC PROBLEMS AND DRUGS
• Depression !
• Pre Menstrual Syndrome
• Obsessive Compulsive Syndrome
Treatmentsfor PMS & PMDD
• Lifestyle changes and psychosocial interventions
(no controlled trials)
• Dietary modifications...
ANOREXIA NERVOSA
An eating disorder causing people to obsess about weight and what they eat.
BULLIMIA NERVOSA
• A serious eating disorder
marked by binging,
followed by methods to
avoid weight gain
• potentially lif...
CHRONIC DISEASES!
• OSTEOPOROSIS
• ARTHRITIS
• DIABETES
• HYPERTENSION
• HEART DISEASE
CONTACT INFORMATION
• Drmaryamalamkhan@gmail.com
• Surgical E Ward, Khyber Teaching Hospital
• Thursday and Saturday OPD
•...
Dr maryam
Dr maryam
Dr maryam
Dr maryam
Dr maryam
Próxima SlideShare
Cargando en…5
×

1

Compartir

Descargar para leer sin conexión

Dr maryam

Descargar para leer sin conexión

health awareness for females

Audiolibros relacionados

Gratis con una prueba de 30 días de Scribd

Ver todo

Dr maryam

  1. 1. WOMEN HEALTH ISSUES Dr Maryam Alam Khan
  2. 2. • Breast cancer • Cervical cancer • Anal fissure and hemorrhoids • Reproductive Health • Nutrition • Psychiatric problems and drugs • Osteoporosis • Diabetes, heart disease and HTN
  3. 3. Statistics • Global burden rises to 14.1 million new cases and 8.2 million cancer deaths in 2012! • 34.6% of female cancers in Pakistan! • 1 in 9 women!
  4. 4. Risks for Breast Cancer • Family history of malignancies • Early Menarche Late menopause • Nulli parity • Having children in later age • Estrogen therapy/ OCP/HRT • Lack of breast feeding • Genetics • Obesity and lack of exercise • Smoking and alcohol • Radiation history • Xenoestrogens! • Sleep!
  5. 5. Sleep…and breast cancer risk • Hormone of sleep--melatonin • Immune booster, decreases circulating sex hormones (estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone) • Breast cancer is less common in women who sleep > 9 Hrs / night than in women who sleep less. • Women who consistently sleep more than 9 hours/night have less than 1/3rd the risk of developing a breast tumor than women who sleep 7 or 8 hours per night • Women who work shifts have a 50% increase in breast cancer (same with men and prostate cancer and shiftwork) (Cancer Research, October 15, 2005)
  6. 6. MYTH BUSTERS!! • Abortion • Under wire Bras • Deodorants • Fertility treatments • Folic acid (folate) • Viruses
  7. 7. SELF BREAST EXAMINATION
  8. 8. CERVICAL CANCER
  9. 9. RISK FACTORS • cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer affecting women worldwide (after breast, colorectal, and lung cancers) • HPV 16 and HPV 18
  10. 10. Screening: the PAP smear Age group (years) Frequency of screening 25 First invitation 25 - 49 3 yearly 50 - 64 5 yearly 65+ Only screen those who have not been screened since age 50 or have had recent abnormal tests
  11. 11. ANAL FISSURE AND HEMORRHOIDS
  12. 12. CAUSES • Constipation!!!!!!! • Low fiber diet! • Prolonged straining! • Meat! • Pickles and spices! • Pulses!
  13. 13. PREVENTION AND TREATMENT • Lifestyle modification • Medications • Surgery
  14. 14. REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
  15. 15. EARLY MARRIAGES! • Psychological issues • STDs and cervical cancer • Pregnancy and nutritional problems • Childbirth : VVF • Incompetent mothers
  16. 16. LATE MARRIAGE • Down’s syndrome! • Weak bones • Co morbidities • Mother hood potentials
  17. 17. FAMILY PLANNING • Reduce health burden • Decreased abortions • Reduce financial burden • Focus one child at a time • Population control
  18. 18. METHODS
  19. 19. PREGNANCY • Regular check ups! • Proper diet • Multi vitamins • Back ache and relation to spinal anesthesia!!!!
  20. 20. INFERTILITY • Male vs female infertility
  21. 21. Causes of Female Infertility • Ovulation problems • Poly cystic ovaries • Endometriosis • Tubal problems(PID) • Fibroids
  22. 22. Methods to Conceive • Medical • Surgical • Male partner • IVF (in vitro fertilization) • GIFT (Gamete intra fallopian transfer) • ICSI (intra cytoplasmic sperm injection) • Choosing Sex= Male child!?
  23. 23. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE • Chlymadia • Gonorrhea • Syphillis • Hepatitis B/C • Scabies • Trichomoniasis • Herpes • HPV • HIV/AIDS • Honeymoon cystitis
  24. 24. PSYCHIATRIC PROBLEMS AND DRUGS
  25. 25. • Depression ! • Pre Menstrual Syndrome • Obsessive Compulsive Syndrome
  26. 26. Treatmentsfor PMS & PMDD • Lifestyle changes and psychosocial interventions (no controlled trials) • Dietary modifications (reduce refined sugars, caffeine, salt, alcohol), Exercise, ,Stress management, Cognitive Psychotherapy, Relaxation training, Group therapy, Charting symptoms • Vitamins and nutritional supplements • Calcium, Linoleic acid (Evening primrose oil), Pyridoxine (Vit. B6)-limited evidence, mixed results • Bright light, Sleep deprivation Parry et al (1987, 1989, 1993, 1995)
  27. 27. ANOREXIA NERVOSA An eating disorder causing people to obsess about weight and what they eat.
  28. 28. BULLIMIA NERVOSA • A serious eating disorder marked by binging, followed by methods to avoid weight gain • potentially life- threatening eating disorder. • Treatments include counseling, medications, and nutrition education
  29. 29. CHRONIC DISEASES! • OSTEOPOROSIS • ARTHRITIS • DIABETES • HYPERTENSION • HEART DISEASE
  30. 30. CONTACT INFORMATION • Drmaryamalamkhan@gmail.com • Surgical E Ward, Khyber Teaching Hospital • Thursday and Saturday OPD • 10:30am -1:00pm
  • Fazalkhanufone

    Jan. 26, 2016

health awareness for females

Vistas

Total de vistas

486

En Slideshare

0

De embebidos

0

Número de embebidos

5

Acciones

Descargas

24

Compartidos

0

Comentarios

0

Me gusta

1

×