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History of Virtual Reality

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History of Virtual Reality

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This presentation provides a brief overview of the history of virtual reality and discusses its recent rapid growth resulting in the development of many new head mounted devices.

This presentation provides a brief overview of the history of virtual reality and discusses its recent rapid growth resulting in the development of many new head mounted devices.

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History of Virtual Reality

  1. 1. History of Virtual Reality
  2. 2. Milgram’s VR Continuum Milgram’s VR continuum describes the stages of immersion that make up the depths of reality perceptions as a linear graph.
  3. 3. Catalysts of VR ● NASA Ames (Scott Fisher) ● Flight Simulators (Jaron Lanier) ● Development of sophisticated Graphical User Interface (Macintosh & Apple) ● Moving from a command line interface to a visual interface
  4. 4. Deterrents of VR ● Expense ● Graphic Technology ● Stereoscopic Technology ● Slow Processing Power
  5. 5. Early Stages of VR 1838 - Stereoscopic Photo Viewers: Charles Wheatstone demonstrated that the brain goes about processing images in a 3-D fashion when two 2-D images are presented and viewed. 1938 - Viewmaster: William Gruber, a piano tuner, created the first Viewmaster.
  6. 6. 1960s 1960 - Telesphere: Morton Hielig invented the first head mounted VR system. 1961 - Headsight: Two employees from the Philco corporation created the first fabricated head mounted display which tracked motion. 1962 - "Sensorama" (Mort Heilig) Considered to be the first true VR system. This was an arcade style cabinet with a 3D display, vibrating seat, and scene producer. The Sensorama was envisioned to be the "cinema of the future." 1965 - Ivan Sutherland birthed "The Ultimate Display," envisioned as a "room within which the computer can control the existence of matter." This idea eventually produced a periscope-like video headset called the "Sword of Damocles" in 1968.
  7. 7. 1970s 1977 - Influence of Star Wars on computer graphics technology. 1978 - Aspen Movie Map: Andy Lippman and his MIT cohorts developed an interactive map of Aspen by utilizing cars with roof-mounted cameras. ● x86 architecture, IBM processors
  8. 8. 1980s 1984 - 3D computer input using optical sensors. (Gary Bishop) 1985 - VPL, a company created by Jaron Lainer and Tom Zimmerman, manufactured the DataGlove, a device that helped track the user’s actions and movements. 1989 - PowerGlove: Nintendo released the power glove. Many people used them for home builds of virtual reality set-ups.
  9. 9. 1990s 1990 - W industries launches "arcade pod." This device was met with a lot of criticism from psychologists and a lot of hope from VR enthusiasts. 1993 - Advancements in display resolution. 1995 - This marks what is widely noted as the "first wave of new VR technologies, yet cost still plagued its widespread implementation.
  10. 10. 2000s 2000s - Future Oculus Rift CEO Palmer Luckey begins tinkering with technologies of the 90's to create feasible VR implementation
  11. 11. Current State of VR ● Oculus Rift ● Samsung Gear VR ● HTC Vive ● Sony Morpheus ● Google Cardboard ● Microsoft Hololens
  12. 12. Why is the time right for VR? ● Finally have the right technology in place. ● The price range is currently reasonable (and falling). ● Platform development strategy. ● New age of peripheral devices. ● Convergence of other technologies. ● Open source programming mentality.
  13. 13. Remaining Challenges ● Design interface ● Simulator Sickness ● Tactile / Haptic Feedback ● Synthesis of peripheral devices with input streams ● Accessibility ● Market Sustainability
  14. 14. The Future of Reality Digital Physics has emerged as methodology to explain the physical world in digital terms. It is a collection of theoretical perspectives based on the premise that the universe is, at heart, describable by information, and is therefore computable. Therefore, according to this theory, the universe can be conceived of as either the output of a deterministic or probabilistic computer program.
  15. 15. The Future of Reality This is based on certain assumptions on the physical world: ● It is essentially informational ● It is essentially computable ● It can be described digitally ● It is digital in essence ● It is itself a computer ● It is the output of a simulated reality experience

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