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floriculture (1).pptx

  1. Welcome everyone
  2. Presentation topic: Development and scope of Floriculture inn Bangladesh Group member: Mis. Mithila Jasmine Id: 20109013 S.M Rejbanul Islam Id:20109023 Saima Islam Prithula Id : 20109041 Md. Rashidul Islam Miraj Id: 20109042 Nasifa Noul Id : 20109046 Ashfak Uzzaman Id: 20109048
  3.  Floriculture : • Floriculture, or flower farming, is a branch of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry, comprising the floral industry. On other hand Floriculture is the cultivation and trade of flowers.
  4.  Why we need floriculture?  It can improve living standard:  In today’s time, farmers are choosing to cultivate cash crops. Due to this, they are getting a good income. Flowers are also a kind of cash crop, and they are also a major source of income for farmers. Farmers are also preferring floriculture due to less labor and a lower cost as compared to traditional crop cultivation.  The fertile soil of our country also helps the farmers cultivate all kinds of flowers. In India today, flowers are being cultivated on 3 lakh hectares and a large number of farmers are making their livelihood from floriculture alone.  Basically, flowers need lesser land and water for production, and this is the greatest advantage when compared to the cultivation of rice and wheat. Floriculture offers a great opportunity to farmers in terms of income generation and empowerment, and it is for both small and big farmers. They can use their land for raising all kinds of flowers and ornamental crops.
  5.  Floriculture contributes in pollution control:  Plants maintain the ecological balance  Enhances the beauty of the place  Source of food, shelter, medicine and also timber  Maintain soil moisture , minimize soil erosion  Prevent surface evaporation
  6. Scopes of Floriculture:  Bangladesh being gifted with appropriate soil quality, favorable climatic  condition and cheap labor has potential for producing floriculture products like  wide varieties of flowers, foliage, ornamental plants of international standard  (Chowdhury and Khan, 2015). Because of lower production cost as a result of  reduced price of labor, the farmers are able to offer lower price of this cash crop to consumers.  Bangladesh started flower or ornamental plant production in mid 1980’s on commercial basis in Jashore District which produces nearly 70% of country’s total production (Islam and Rahman, 2013).  Despite the huge potential,this industry has not been considered as a thriving industry in agricultural sector’s value added in gross domestic product (GDP).
  7.  Around 1,20,000 people are involved in flower cultivation to earn their livelihood in Gadkhali.  Roughly, Bangladesh spends around 3 million Bangladesh Taka (Tk.) for importing ornamental plants to meet domestic demand (Mou, 2006).  On the other hand, it could utilize 15,14,000 acres of fallow land for exporting this cash crop (BBS,2011).  Floriculture industry in agricultural sector has the potential to create employment opportunities especially for women by expediting income generating activity.  Several qualitative studies (Mou, 2006; Islam and Rahman, 2013) are available in this line of research in existing literature but this is the first paper to analyze the socio-economic profiles of farmers engaged in flower cultivation in Jashore District, based on face to face interview and primary data.  Thus, this paper aims to fulfill the existing gap in the literature. The main objective of our study was to observe the impact of floriculture on the socio- economic profiles in Gadkhali region of Jashore.
  8. Past History of floriculture in Bangladesh Flowers are the symbols of beauty and purity.Over the years, the demand for flowers as an agricultural product has been rising in Bangladesh making floriculture a potential sector for the country. In 1983, a farmer named Sher Ali Sardar started commercial floriculture with tuberose flowers on a 30- acre of land in Jashore. Then he cultivated on 6,000 hectares of land in 24 districts including Jashore, Kushtia, Jhenidah, Chuadanga, Gazipur, Chattogram, Narayanganj and Cumilla.
  9. About 15 to 20 lakh people are earning their livelihood through floriculture. A wide variety of flowers, especially tuberose, gladiolus, rose,marigold, lotus, gerbera, hyacinth,chrysanthemum, lily etc are now being commercially cultivated in Bangladesh.
  10. Present status of floriculture in Bangladesh Nowadays flowers have become an important part of the country's economy. The soil and climate of Bangladesh is quite suitable for floriculture. Many exotic flowers can be grown in our country as the climate is tropical. According to a recent statistics published by the Dhaka Chamber of Commerce and Industry (DCCI), the local market of flowers and cut foliage has reached TK1,600 crore per annum and is growing by 10 percent every year.
  11. The promising growth of floriculture in recent years In 2014-15, approximately 57,000 tonnes of flowers were cultivated which generated a revenue of TK800 crores. The development and growth of floriculture in the last five years has been promising.
  12. Economic importance of floriculture in BD  Floriculture can be considered as a commercial commodity.  Flowers can be a source of earning huge currency by exporting them.  Perfume industries can be established in the country which can help improving national economy.  Establishment of flower production farms and perfume industries can help solving unemployment problem to a large extent.  It provides scope to bring more unused land under flower cultivation
  13. Profitability of floriculture and marketing system in BD This study examines the production and profitability of some selected flowers in comparison with their competing crops. The study also attempts to identify the value chains and channels of flower marketing in Bangladesh.
  14. Most popular Flowers in Bangladesh Bangladesh is a green country with many flowers. We all love flowers for its beauty and smell. We can't find any person who doesn't like flowers. There are various types of flowers in our country and various colors and smells in them. Some flowers are red, Some flowers are pink, some flowers are purple etc. Some flowers have a nice fragrance and some flowers are without a smell. Bangladeshi flowers are Rose, Water Lily, Kamini, Tuberose, Sunflower, Sheuly, Palash, Shefali, Marigold, Beli etc
  15. Rose • Rose is colorful and has a nice fragrance. Rose's scientific name is Rosa spp. There are various types of colors in rose such as red, pink, white, yellow, orange etc. A red rose is an expression of love.The White rose is a symbol of purity.The Yellow rose is a symbol of friendship and caring. There are many uses of rose such as perfume, rose water, medicine, food, and drink etc. The Rose hip is used to make in jam, jelly, marmalade and soup. The Rose hip is minor source of vitamin c. For this reason, Rose is called of queen of flowers.
  16. Water Lily • Water Lily is our national flower in our country. Water Lily is a hydrophytes plant. This flowers are large and have floating leaves. There are about fifty species on different countries. There are two species in our country. These flowers are available in our country. Some flowers open only in the morning or in the evening. Water Lily is found pond or garden with different colors and designs. This blooms are becoming popular day by day to decorate garden. This blooms are opened a new avenue for business and a source of income.
  17. Beli flower • Beli flower is a small and white color flower. This flower is highly scented flower. This flower's scientific name is Jasminum sambac. This flower opens at night usually evening and is closed in the morning. Bangladeshi and Indian women use the flowers in their hair for their beautiful fragrance
  18. Sunflower • Sunflower is a common flower in our country. This flower is an annual plant. The scientific name of flower is Helianthus annuus. This flower is yellow that is a symbol of happiness and truth. This flower is not only yellow but also red, orange and other colors. Sunflower “whole seeds" are used in snacks food, salad, bird's food etc. Sunflower oil is used for cooking.
  19. Marigold • Marigold is a very common flower in Bangladesh. Marigold flower is known as Gada ful in Bangla. The scientific name of flower is Tagetes apetala. There are 56 different species. Marigold flowers are seen in different colors in our Bangladesh such as yellow, orange, red , white etc. Yellow and orange are available. Now a days, Marigold cultivation is popular and profitable business in all over the world. Marigold flower is becoming very important in our daily life. There are many use in Gada ful like marriage, bosonto utsab etc. We can't think Gaye holud occasion without Gada ful. Marigold flower plants have to use many medicine.
  20. Kamini • Kamini flower is the best beautiful flower in the world. The scientific name of flower is Murraya paniculata. This flower is small, white and highly scented. Kamini flower blooms in mid night and give beautiful fragrance. Some time village people called that is the flower fragrance is highly so that attracts snake . Kamini flower tree is very green and small leaf. Kamini flower is used traditionally medicine and for wood.
  21. Palash • Palash is the most popular flower in India subcontinent. The scientific name of the flower is Betea frondosa. There are many species in the world. This flower blooms in spring season. The flower tree is used for timber, resin, fodder, medicine and dye. The leaves are used very leathery. The leaves are not eaten by cattle.
  22. Sheuily • Sheuily ful is called in English as night jesmine. Night jasmine is very beautiful flower in the world. This flower is highly perfumed flower. Its scientific name is Nyctanthes arbor- tristis. This flower is sweet scented and small in size. The bloom is opened at night and closed in early morning. Hindus and Buddhists are used this flowers for adoration to God.
  23. Tuberose • Tuberose is a a night- blooming , sweet and highly scented flower. The tuberose has no relation to the rose. This tuberose is seen like slende. Its leaves are very long and light green. There are various colors of this flower such as white, purple etc. Its flavor is used many perfumes.
  24. Krishnachura • Krishnachura is a common flower in the world. Its scientific name is Delonix regia. It is a medium size tree with spreading dome- shaped. Leaves are many and small size. Its blooming time is April to June. This flower is red or orange and large in size.
  25. The way we can use floriculture in BD for our economic growth. • Commercially, floriculture can open up great opportunities to our poor farmers. The climate of Bangladesh is suitable for growing several kinds of commercial flowers. The cultivators can deploy a part of their land for growing commercial and common flowers such as marigold, tuberose etc.
  26. • Flowers and floricultural products such as perfumes and aromatics. • some of the essential oils from such flowers are Jasmines, rose and tuberose used in the manufacture of those cosmetics are high priced.
  27. • raw material in industries for the extraction of essential oils and also for preparing edible products, rose water and pigments as natural colours. • Some of the most popular holidays in the floral industry are Valentine's Day, Women's Day, Mother's Day, Thanksgiving, Halloween, and Christmas.
  28. • Nowadays flowers have become an important part of the country's economy. Over the years, the demand for flowers as an agricultural product has been rising in Bangladesh making floriculture a potential sector for the country. • The soil and climate of Bangladesh is quite suitable for floriculture.
  29. • At present, flowers are cultivated on 6,000 hectares of land in 24 districts including Jashore, Kushtia, Jhenidah, Chuadanga, Gazipur, Chattogram, Narayanganj and Cumilla. • According to a recent statistics published by Dhaka Chamber of Commerce and Industry , the local market of flowers has been reached TK 1,600 core per annum and growing 10% every year.
  30. Challenges , production and market condition of floriculture:
  31. Challenges of the flower business • People are very sensitive about flowers, if they get a little dirty and dusty; those flowers are no longer sold. The beauty of flowers is enhanced even by the slightest heat of the sun. As a result, those concerned were deprived of a fair price by selling flowers. Despite these opportunities, the challenges facing the floriculture industry are lack of knowledge of many farmers on floriculture technology, extra capital expenditure, and unavailability of flower seeds and seedlings in Bangladesh and dependence on imports from India, i). lack of greenhouse construction materials, floriculture. i). Lack of special compound fertilizer, lack of permanent wholesale flower market in big cities including Dhaka, ii) Lack of international standard production technology, 20% loss of flowers from farmer to retailer level, iii) Lack of necessary research on flowers and lack of a national floriculture policy. Grading of flowers in modern methods, v) There is no packaging and storage system. vi). No specialized vehicles for transporting flowers.
  32. Production increasing • According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Bangladesh produced 32,120 tones of flowers in FY2020-21, an increase of 12 per cent over the previous fiscal year. • Meanwhile, as demand drives up production volume, more and more land is being used for flower cultivation. In FY2020-21, Bangladesh cultivated flowers in some 3,930 hectares of land, compared to 931 hectares in FY 2009-10. • On the other hand, the varieties of flowers being farmed are increasing day by day with the innovation of new technology. • Currently, more than 50 varieties of flowers including Rose, Genda, Chameli, Jasmine, Shefali, Rajnigandha, Gandharaja, Gladiolus, Shefali, Dopatti, Hasna Hena, Chandramallika, Dahlia, Rangana, Dolanchampa, Konakchampa, Jaba, Cosmos, Malati, Kamini are being commercially cultivated in Bangladesh. • A decade ago, only a few varieties of flowers were being commercially cultivated across the country.
  33. Major farming areas • Flower and foliage are being cultivated in some 25 districts including Jashore, Jhenaidah, Magura, Rangpur, Bogura, Dhaka (Savar), Gazipur, Manikganj, Kushtia, Chuadanga, Satkhira, and Mymensingh. • More than 28,000 farmers are engaged in flower cultivation, according to the Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE).
  34. Import of premium flowers • Bangladesh still has to import some premium flowers due to customer demand. • The major imported flowers are gladiolus, tuberose, chrysanthemum from India; orchids, gerbera, anthurium, and Thai rose from Thailand; and a massive number of flowers from China and Indonesia. • Regardless of their high price, these flowers are imported to satisfy the aesthetic needs of upper-class customers. Each imported Tulip costs Tk 129, Lily Tk 100, and Orchid Tk 120. • According to industry sources, Bangladesh needs to import flowers worth Tk 75 crore annually.
  35. The export market • local flowers have a huge demand in the global market, especially in the Middle East and Europe. Bangladesh exports flowers including tuberose and gladiolus in Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, United Kingdom, Belgium, Canada, Germany, India, Italy, and UAE among other countries. • According to Export Promotion Bureau (EPB), Bangladesh earned $7.65 million and $7.339 million in FY 2003-04 and FY 2004-05 respectively by exporting cut flowers. • However, export earnings have sharply fallen recently, with $1,530.22 million in FY 2015-16 and $0.02 million in FY 2017-18, EPB data showed.
  36. Conclusion • Flower is not only sign of love and beauty, it has also economic value. • Bangladesh mainly agro based country and it climate has a very favorable for flower cultivation and business. • Now days, it is the vital source of earning foreign currency. • It also plays the important role in employment generation and poverty reduction in our country. • If Government takes the initiative flower business plays a key role in Bangladesh by contributing national GDP.