2. ART AND CRAFT
• India has a rich history and diversity of traditional arts and crafts that continue to shape our country’s distinct socio-cultural fabric.
• India has a vast repository of artisanal skills that have been nurtured from generation to generation over.
• When incorporated within architecture and interior design, they provide an important link to the past and a strong sense of identity.
• Over the years, experts have been exploring regional narratives, local skills and materials, experimenting and re-interpreting traditional mores for new, personalized
expressions as a
• the ornate and intricately carved pillars of the Chettinad homes of Tamil Nadu and the Shekhawat fresco wall paintings seen in Rajasthan continue to be popular today because
they narrate folktales and legends and resonate with the distinct histories and values of their respective regions. Result of engagement with skilled artisans.
• This approach of using traditional craft according to modern sensibilities is a key pursuit towards making traditional wisdom, age-old skills as well as obscure indigenous crafts
relevant for our lives today through meaningful patronage and context-sensitive applications.
ART IN INDIA
• Madhubani Painting
This art is also known as Mithila art, and it originated in the kingdom of Janak in Nepal and in present-day Bihar.
Mostly practiced by women, these paintings or wall murals depict gods, fauna and flora.
Characterised by geometric patterns, this art form is greatly admired for its evocative portrayal of traditions and cultures.
• Warli Painting
it was practiced by the Warli tribes from Thane and Nasik in Maharashtra.
These paintings mostly illustrate the nature and social rituals of the tribe.
It portrays daily activities like farming, praying, dancing, hunting, etc.
Geometrical patterns in white against a yellow or red background are some of the main themes.
Warli paintings were usually made by married women to celebrate a wedding, and they were also used to decorate huts of the Warli tribes.
Kalamkari derives its name from kalam, or pen, and it means ‘drawings with a pen’.
This organic art of hand and block printing has survived generations in Andhra Pradesh.
Kalamkari art involves earthy colours like green, rust, indigo, mustard and black.
Today this art is used in ethnic clothing, and depicts anything from fauna and flora to epics such as Mahabharata or Ramayana.
Pattachitra art forms date back to the 5th century and originated in Odisha and West Bengal.
These cloth-based scroll paintings have a heavy influence of the Mughal era.
Admired by art lovers, the Pattachitra paintings are dedicated to religious and mythological themes.
The painters mainly use bright colours like red, black, indigo, yellow and white in this type of painting.
From palm leaves to silks, this art form has gained recognition and is practiced even today.
• Gond Painting
A native art form of Madhya Pradesh, Gond paintings are mostly themed on animals and birds.
Practised by the Gond tribes, this art form is believed to be 1400 years old.
Natural colours derived from plant sap, charcoal, coloured soil, cow dung, leaves, etc. are used to make this type of painting.
This simple art form created with dots and lines was made as an offering to Mother Nature in earlier days
4. CRAFT IN INDIA
Kondapalli Dolls, Andhra Pradesh
1. This 400-year old art form makes toys from soft wood known as tella poniki, where each part is carved separately.
2. These pieces are then joined together with makku, a paste of tamarind seed powder and sawdust.
3. Later after drying, details are added and the toys are coloured with either oil and watercolours or vegetable dyes and enamel paints.
4. These toys are showcased every year at the celebration of Sankranthi, and this showcase is known as Bommala Koluvu.
Bamboo And Cane Craft, Arunachal Pradesh
The craft is a vibrant tradition and highly diverse as each tribe has its own weaving style and design.
Every tribe excels in their craftsmanship, and the shapes of the items made out of bamboo and cane are distinctive in every region.
CRAFT IN INDIA
Wall Paintings, Chhattisgarh
The traditional wall paintings in Chattisgarh depict pictures of traditional tribal rituals.
Most of the wall paintings in Chattisgarh are related to the celebrations of their customary ceremonies.
The walls and floors are painted with vibrant colours making them rural forms of art.
Lavo Mandri, Goa
This is an art form indigenous to Goa.
It’s a traditional art of weaving mandri (mat in Konkani).
Although not a thriving art, it uses lavo, a type of wild grass grown in the marshy land of fields to make these mats.
Also known as Bidri art, this traditional Indian handicraft is unique due to its striking inlay artwork.
The metal used for bidriware is an alloy of zinc and copper that is blackened and then encased with thin sheets of pure silver.
This craft from Karnataka is one of the most popular traditional crafts of India.
5. Metal screens inspired by Dhokra tribal casting technique at
Krushi Bhawan in Bhubaneswar, designed by Studio Lotus,