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Introduction to Singapore Workshop

Workshop introducing Singapore to a group of visiting high school students from Taiwan, on 25 Jan 2016.

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Introduction to Singapore Workshop

  1. 1. Welcome
  2. 2. History and Culture of Singapore
  3. 3. What do you know about Singapore? Welcome to Singapore!
  4. 4. Singapore • Facts • History • Culture
  5. 5. Quiz Taiwan has a population of 23.4 million. What is the approximate population of Singapore? 5.6 million
  6. 6. Population (By Gender) 人口 0 5000000 10000000 15000000 20000000 25000000 Males Females 5,674,472 23,415,126
  7. 7. Life Expectancy (years) 預期壽命 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 Males Females 82.06 87.5 76.85 83.33
  8. 8. Gross Domestic Product (USD$) 國內生產總值 0 200,000,000,000 400,000,000,000 600,000,000,000 800,000,000,000 1,000,000,000,000 1,200,000,000,000 454,300,000,000 1,079,000,000,000
  9. 9. Gross Domestic Product Per Capita (USD$) 國內 生產總值人均 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 90,000 83,100 46,000
  10. 10. History of Singapore in a Nutshell • Founding • British colony • World War II • Self-Government • Merger with Malaysia • Modern Day Singapore
  11. 11. Sang Nila Utama, late 1390s
  12. 12. Quiz What other names were Singapore also known as? Singapura (Lion City) Temasek (Sea Town)
  13. 13. Quiz Which European power was Singapore ruled by?
  14. 14. Founding of Modern Singapore, 1819 Signing of the treaty with the local rulersSir Stamford Raffles
  15. 15. British Colony Planning out the city center People flowed in from all over, attracted by opportunities
  16. 16. Quiz During World War II, Singapore was occupied by which country?
  17. 17. Japanese Occupation, 1943-1945 Air raids killed many Shock defeat after just 6 days
  18. 18. Quiz During the occupation, what was Singapore was renamed as? Syonan-to (昭南島), "Light of the South"
  19. 19. Japanese Occupation, 1943-1945 Reign of terror began Surrender of the Japanese forces after the drop of the atomic bombs
  20. 20. Self-Government Singapore’s first Chief Minister, David Marshall Singapore’s ruling political party, the People’s Action Party
  21. 21. Merger with and Separation from Malaysia, 1963-1965 A promising start A bitter divorce
  22. 22. Quiz When was the independence of Singapore declared? 9 Aug 1945
  23. 23. Independence of Singapore
  24. 24. Quiz What do the stars on the Singapore flag symbolise? Democracy, Peace, Progress, Justice & Equality
  25. 25. Modern Day Republic The ports of Singapore: past and present
  26. 26. Modern Day Republic The development of the city center
  27. 27. People of Singapore • History: Racial Riots • Multiracial • Multilingual • Multireligious
  28. 28. Racial Riots • Happened in 1969 • Clashes between Malays and Chinese • Started from conflict in Malaysia, spillover into Singapore
  29. 29. Quiz What are the four major categories of races in Singapore? Chinese Malay Indian Others
  30. 30. Multiracial • Taiwan has many aboriginal groups while predominated by ethnic Chinese 98% • Singapore is characterised by many races, namely: - Chinese 74.2% - Malays 13.3% - Indians 9.2% - Others 3.3%
  31. 31. The Chinese in Singapore • Migrated from southeastern China, namely Fujian, Guangdong and Hainan provinces in the late 18th and 19th centuries. • 75% of the Chinese population in the 19th Century spoke Hokkien, Teochew & Cantonese dialects. • Chinatown was formed to house Chinese immigrants. • Chinese culture here has heavy southern China influence.
  32. 32. The Chinese in Singapore • Currently the largest ethnic group in Singapore, 75% of total population. • Most Singaporean Chinese are Buddhists. • Growing number of Christians and free thinkers as well. • 14% of the Chinese population in Singapore consider themselves as Taoists. • Buddhism in Singapore is a mixture of Taoism, Buddhism, Confucian & southern China folk practices.
  33. 33. Malays in Singapore • Malays are the second largest ethnic group in Singapore. • Most Singaporean Malays are descendants of immigrants from Indonesia & Malaysia. • Malays are predominantly Sunni Muslim. • The Bahasa Melayu or Malay Language spoken by Singaporean Malays are similar to the ones spoken in the Riau Islands in Indonesia & southern Malaysia.
  34. 34. Malays in Singapore • Being Muslims, Singaporean Malays observe certain restrictions when it comes to consumption of food and drink. • Muslims cannot eat pork & drink alcoholic drinks. These are ‘Haram’ or forbidden foods. • Other kinds of food have to be ‘Halal’ or permissible, before it can be consumed. For meat like beef & chicken, it has to be slaughtered according to Muslim customs, before it can be ‘Halal’. • In Singapore, local food brands and eating places who claim to be ‘Halal’ will have to be certified by the Muslim Religious Council of Singapore, MUIS.
  35. 35. Indians in Singapore • The smallest of the major ethnic groups in Singapore. • Most Singaporean Indians are descendants of migrant workers who came in Singapore after 1819. Most of them came from southern India. • The first Indians in Singapore were the sepoys, who served as soldiers of the British empire. • 58% of Singaporean Indians are of ethnic Tamil ancestry. English and Tamil are the languages of choice. • Over 50% of Indians in Singapore are Hindus. The remaining numbers are Muslims, Christians or Sikhs.
  36. 36. Multilingual • English (official) • Mandarin (official) • Malay (official) • Tamil (official) • Hokkien • Cantonese • Teochew • Other Indian languages • Other Chinese dialects • Mandarin Chinese (official) • Taiwanese (Min) • Hakka dialects
  37. 37. Quiz What is unique type of English spoken in Singapore? Singlish
  38. 38. Multireligious • Buddhist 33.9%, • Muslim 14.3%, • Taoist 11.3%, • Catholic 7.1%, • Hindu 5.2%, • other Christians 11%, • other 0.7%, • none 16.4% • Mix of Buddhist, Confucian and Taoist: 93% • Christian: 4.5% • Others: 2.5%
  39. 39. Multireligious
  40. 40. Multireligious Religious figures from Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism, Baha’i faith, Jainism, and Zoroastrianism came together to pray
  41. 41. Food Culture
  42. 42. Food Culture: Chinese Food Hokkien Mee Chicken Rice Bak Kut Teh
  43. 43. Food Culture: Malay Food Satay Nasi Lemak Kueh
  44. 44. Indian Food Banana Leaf Curry Indian Rojak Roti Prata
  45. 45. Chinese Festivals • Lunar New Year • Qing Ming Festival • Dragonboat or Duanwu Festival • Hungry Ghost Festival • Mid-autumn or Mooncake Festival
  46. 46. Malay Festivals • Singaporean Malays celebrate 2 major festivals annually. • Hari Raya Aidilfitri is celebrated after the Ramadhan fasting month. • During the holy month of Ramadhan, Muslims will fast from dawn to dusk. They are forbidden from taking food and drink during this time period. • Hari Raya Aidilfitri is celebrated as a day of victory for Muslims who have completed a month of fasting. • Hari Raya Aidil-adha is celebrated to mark the completion of the Hajj in Mecca.
  47. 47. Indian Festivals • The major Hindu festivals in Singapore are Thaipusam & Deepavali.
  48. 48. Other Festivals • New Year Day • Good Friday • Christmas Day • Vesak Day • National Day
  49. 49. Unique Cultures • Singlish: Okay Lah! • Singapore: A Fine City • Reserving Seats
  50. 50. Unique Culture: Singlish English Singlish Do you serve coffee? You got kopi? / kopi wu bo? He is certain to be caught. He sure kena caught one. You can sit over there. There can sit. Can you reserve this table? Can chope this table? Where do I go to collect my luggage? Go where take bag, ah? I didn’t really like the movie. I found it rather uninteresting. Wah lau, the movie damn sian. I do not understand Catch no ball (liak bo kiu) Oh, my god! Alamak!
  51. 51. Unique Culture: Fines
  52. 52. Unique Culture: Fines
  53. 53. Quiz What item do people in Singapore commonly use to reserve at a hawker centre? Tissue paper
  54. 54. Unique Culture: Tissue Paper
  55. 55. Famous Places in Singapore • Singapore Botanic Gardens • Gardens by the Bay • Sentosa a & Universal Studios • Changi Airport
  56. 56. Singapore Botanic Gardens
  57. 57. Gardens by the Bay
  58. 58. Sentosa & Universal Studios
  59. 59. Changi Airport
  60. 60. Traditional Games! • Chapteh • Five Stones
  61. 61. Traditional Game: Chapteh Capteh is a traditional game that requires great dexterity and balance in keeping a feathered shuttlecock in the air for as long as possible by kicking it up with the heel of the foot, or other parts of the body, except the hands
  62. 62. Traditional Game: Five Stones This game involves catching pyramidal cloth bags filled with beans/sand. It increases the eye sight, memory power and builds concentration and aiming skills.
  63. 63. The End

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