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  5. CURRENT VIETNAM  Geography  Topography  Ethnicity  Languages  Flag of Vietnam  Emblem  Political system  Religion  Education system  Culture: Media, Music, Tourism, Clothing, Cuisine, Kinship and Traditional Marriage. 5
  6. GEOGRAPHY  Total area: 311,698 km2  Located on the Southeast Asia  Coastline: 3,444 km long  Population: rouhgly 97 million  Capital: Hanoi  63 provinces  5 municipalities: Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong, Can Tho, Da Nang 6
  7. TOPOGRAPHY  Mountains: 40% of the land area, tropical forests around 42%  The north: highlands and the Red River Delta  The Central Highlands: mountains, forests and small deserts  The south: Cuu Long (Nine Dragon River) Delta 7
  8. ETHNICITY 8 Red Dao Ethnic Group  54 distinct groups  Largest ethnic groups: Kinh (86.2%), Tày (1.9%), Mường (1.5%), Khmer Krom (1.4%)…
  9. LANGUAGES The official national language of Vietnam is Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) 9
  10. FLAG OF VIETNAM  Red symbolizes the goals of social revolution behind the national uprising of Vietnamese people .  The five-pointed yellow star represents the unity of workers, peasants, intellectuals, bussinesspeople and military personnel in building socialism. 10
  11. EMBLEM OF VIETNAM  Red background and a yellow star in the middle which represent the Communist Party of Vietnam, the revolutionary history and bright future of Vietnam.  The cog and crops represent the cooperation of agriculture and industrial labor. 11
  12. NATIONAL FLOWER The lotus is the symbol of purity, commitment and optimism for the future. 12
  13. RELIGION 13  Most of the Vietnamese practice indigenous religions, worshiping local spirits, gods and mother goddesses.  Buddhism is the second largest religion and the third one is Christian.
  14. RELIGION 14 The Ceremony of Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam in Soc Son province
  15. RELIGION Hanoi Cathedral 15
  16. POLITICAL SYSTEM - Communist Party: is the founding and ruling of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. It has the centralized control over the State, military, media, and advocates the ideology “socialist-oriented market economy”. - Law making bodies (State power): including the National Assembly and People’s Committee at all levels; - Law implementation bodies (administrative power): Government, Ministries and Ministerial Agencies; - Justice bodies: Supreme People’s Court and Local People’s courts. 16
  17. LEADERSHIP (4 KEY POSITIONS)  The General Secretary of the Communist Party;  The President of the State (elected by the National Assembly);  The Prime Minister of the Government (appointed by the President);  The Chairman of National Assembly. 17
  18. EDUCATION SYSTEM 18  State-controlled network of schools, colleges and universities, and a growing number of privately run and partially privatized institutions.  General education in Vietnam is divided into 05 categories: kindergarten, elementary schools, middle schools, high schools, and universities.
  19. EDUCATION SYSTEM 19 Entrance ceremony of An Khanh Primary School in Hoai Duc province
  20. EDUCATION SYSTEM 20 School girls of Chu Van An High School
  21. EDUCATION SYSTEM 21 Students are doing the university entrance exam
  22. CULTURE - MUSIC Traditional Vietnamese music varies between the country's northern and southern regions. Northern classical music is Vietnam's oldest musical form, and is traditionally more formal. 22
  23. MODERN VIETNAMESE MUSIC (V-POP) Vietnamese young people nowadays enjoy different genres of music, some of which adopted and elevated from style of US/UK or Korean pop music. Some popular Vietnamese artists: Son Tung M-TP, Noo Phuoc Thinh, Soobin Hoang Son (Pop); My Tam, Ha Anh Tuan (R&B/Ballad); Touliver (EDM)… 23
  24. CULTURE - TOURISM Vietnam has become a major tourist destination since the 1990s, assisted by significant state and private investment, particularly in coastal regions. More than 15.5 million international tourists visited Vietnam in 2018. 24
  25. CULTURE - TOURISM Văn Miếu Quốc Tử Giám (Hà Nội): Vietnam’s first national university. It is one of several temples in Vietnam which are dedicated to Confucius, sages and scholars. 25
  26. CULTURE - TOURISM Ha Long Bay is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and a popular travel destination, located in Quang Ninh province. The bay features thousands of limestone karsts and isles in various sizes and shapes. 26
  27. CULTURE - TOURISM Hue Imperial City was made a UNESCO site in 1993. Between 1802 and 1945, it was the imperial capital of the Nguyen dynasty. 27
  28. CULTURE - TOURISM Phong Nha – Kẻ Bàng National Park is a national park and UNESCO World Heritage Site in north-central Vietnam and is noted for its cave and grotto systems as it is composed of 300 caves and grottos. 28
  30. CULTURE - TOURISM Hội An is recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and an exceptionally well-preserved example of a South-East Asian trading port dating from the 15th to the 19th century. 30
  32. CULTURE – MODERN TOURISM  Vietnam nowadays have much more than beautiful nature sights to offer. For example, major cities such as Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City are the ultimate hub of culture and youthful dynamics with an amazing variety of cuisine and nightlife activities. 32 Ta Hien Str. (HN, left) and Bui Vien Str. (HCMC, right)
  33. CULTURE - CLOTHING The áo dài, a formal girl's dress, is worn for special occasions such as weddings and religious festivals or uniform. 33
  34. CULTURE - CLOTHING Áo dài was once worn by both genders, but today it is mostly the preserve of women, although men do wear it to some occasions, such as traditional weddings. 34
  35. MODERN VIETNAMESE FASHION  With the unique style combined from the worldwide fashion trends and traditional inspiration, Vietnamese “haute-couture” or “street style” fashion has started to gain popularity domestically and internationally. 35
  36. CULTURE - CUISINE Vietnamese cuisine traditionally features a combination of five fundamental taste "elements" (Vietnamese: ngũ vị): spicy (metal), sour (wood), bitter (fire), salty (water) and sweet (earth). 36
  37. CULTURE - CUISINE Common ingredients include fish sauce, shrimp paste, soy sauce, rice, fresh herbs, fruits and vegetables. 37
  38. CULTURE - CUISINE Traditional Vietnamese cooking is known for its fresh ingredients, minimal use of oil, and reliance on herbs and vegetables, and is considered one of the healthiest cuisines worldwide. 38
  39. MODERN VIETNAMESE CUISINE  Recently, Vietnamese people have been welcoming international cuisine to their appetite, most popular ones namely Korean, Thai, Japanese and Italian.  Boba milk tea can be easily found at any street corner of Hanoi and is currently the drink of choice for Vietnamese young people. 39
  40. KINSHIP Kinship plays an important role in Vietnam. Comparing with Eastern cultures, Chinese culture values family over clan while Vietnamese culture values clan over family. Each clan has a patriarch, clan altar, and death commemorations attended by the whole clan. 40
  41. KINSHIP In the majority of rural Vietnam families today, we can still see three or four generations living under one roof. 41
  42. PAST - FUTURE 42
  43. ACHIEVEMENTS OF VIETNAM AFTER 35 YEARS OF “DOI MOI” 43  Stable and sustainable economy  Harmonious development of culture and society  Better living standard of local people  Wide and large international cooperation with better international recognition  Firm national defense system  Improved national solidarity and patriotism
  44. PROBLEMS IN VIETNAM  Environment  Social evils  Pandemic vs Economic development 44

Notas del editor

  1. Lịch sử VN nếu tính từ lúc có mặt con người sinh sống thì có hàng vạn năm trước công nguyên nhưng từ khi cơ cấu nhà nước hình thành thì mới khoảng từ năm 2879 TCN Thời kỳ tiền sử Kỷ Hồng Bàng: 2879 – 258TCN Nhà nước văn lang với sự tích lạc long quân âu cơ và vua hùng Thời kỳ độc lập: 939-1407 (468 years) Ngo, Dinh, Le, Ly, Tran. Chinese domination 4: 1407-1427 Reunification: 1802 – 1858 (56 years) French domination: 1858 – 1945 (87 years) Chữ quốc ngữ Japanese domination: 1940 – 1945 1945: Việt Nam dân chủ cộng hoà Democratic Republic of Vietnam. We have flag, constitution French war: 1946- 1954 American war: 1955 - 1975
  2. Lịch sử Việt Nam nếu tính từ lúc có mặt con người sinh sống thì có hàng vạn năm trước công nguyên nhưng từ khi cơ cấu nhà nước được hình thành thì từ năm 2879 TCN
  3. Hanoi và Ho Chi Minh: Dan số 8tr người, Hải Phòng: 2tr, Đà Nẵng: 1tr, Cần thơ: 1.5tr
  4. Địa hình:
  5. Sĩ, nông, công, thương, binh
  6. Cog: bánh răng
  7. Tín ngưỡng văn hoá điạ phương thờ cúng tổ tiên Phật giáo đại thừa từ trung quốc và tiểu thừa từ Ấn ĐỘ Phật giáo đại thừa ở Việt Nam tồn tại hoà hợp với đạo giáo, khổn giaos và đức tin bản địa như thờ cúng tổ tiên, thờ mẫu Công giáo
  8. QUyền lực nhà nước là thống nhất, Phân công, phối hợp và kiểm soát giữa các cơ quan trong việc thực hiện quyền lập pháp, hành pháp, tư pháp với 1 Đảng lãnh đạo và cầm quyền Đảng: Bộ chính trị 19 thành viên quyết định chính sách của Đảng Quốc hộI cơ quan đại diện cao nhất của Nhân dân, quyền lập pháp, giám sát chức năng của Chính phủ. Tuy nhiên vẫn chịu sự lãnh đạo của Đảng. Nhà nước Việt Nam gồm 4 cơ quan: cơ quân quyền lực nhà nước (lập pháp) tức Quốc hội, cơ quan hành chính nhà nước (hành pháp) tức Chỉnh phủ, Cơ quan xét xử nhà nước (tư pháp) tức toàn án nhân dân tối cao và cơ quan kiểm sát nhà nước (công tố) tức viện kiểm sát nhân dân tối cao Chính phủ: là cơ quan chấp hành của Quốc hội Việt Nam và là cơ quan hành chính nhà nước cao nhất trực thuộc Chủ tịch nước. Toà án nhân dân tối cao là cơ quan xét xử cao nhất của Nhà nước – trực thuộc Chủ tịch nước Viện kiểm sát nhân dân tối cao là cơ quan kiểm sát và công tố nhà nước cao nhất – trực thuộc Chủ tịch nước
  9. Đứng đầu Nhà nước là chủ tịch nước do quốc hội bầu ra Thủ tướng do Chủ tịch nước chỉ định trong số đại biểu quốc hội và được quốc hội phê chuẩn
  10. Clip
  11. 240 tỷ USD 2018 GDP 7.08, 2587 do la thu nhap binh quan dau nguoi 1986: 3.4%, 33.8 trieu do, thu nhập bình quân đầu người 556đo 1976: 4.5 trieu do, thu nhap binh quan dau nguoi 91 do