To teach the child to succeed in a future that you
know nothing about
Think of your role model
For howmany of you is it a parent or a teacher?
What wouldyour children / students say if I were to ask themthe same
The challenge is to inspire those who we have the maximum facetime
Why do you teach?
4. Do your exam questions reflect this?
What if you taught keeping the real purpose in mind?
Commercialization of basic education and
health care are the worst violence to society
The first casualty of schooling is imagination.
The second is independence. Confidence dies on its own
of a broken heart.
This is called Graduation.
Our schooling slaughters imagination at the altar of
Practicality is defined by the past.
Imagination defines the future.
There's no demand until you show possibilities.
So imagination is far more important than intelligence.
IQ should mean Imagination Quotient.
Why else would so-called global leaders make the
same mistakes since the Roman Empire except that
they're trained in a flawed system?
How's it possible to know all about the world and that
there's no other world; yet we continue to destroy it?
Define the Product
Method will depend on the definition
Define our product: What are we tryingto create?
What you needto create a plane is not the same as what you needto createa
Changes must be made in both‘What’ and ‘How’
Most important need
You can’t build an aircraft in a locomotive factory
Which question denotes excellence?
What was your rank? (Mark percentage)
What did you learn to do?
Is it a surprise that 85%of engineers are unemployable?
Define your role
Teaching him about flying
Teaching him to fly
Your role definition will dictate your approach
Using knowledge – What new inventions?
New knowledge – What new publications?
Leveraging Knowledge – What impact in society?
Financial benefit is a byproduct
What we need
When was the last time that you rewarded a student for disagreeing
Question Challenge Change
What we produce
We rewardcompliance andpunish questioning
What we must encourage
But we demand conformity and punish diversity
What we must do
But we dampen and discourage
Education is not the accumulation of random
bits of information, no matter how complex.
Our successful system
Punishes investigation, questioning, change
Focusedon stuffing the headwith randombits of information – not on opening
the door to lifelonglearning
Tests randomrecall in a specific time window- exams
How many children read text books after the exam?
Is that our system is highly successful
21st Century Leadership
To help themto thrive in a world we know nothing
If a system is to be judged by its results, what
should we say about our education system
looking at its result – our society?
Challenges for Educators
21st Century and Beyond
Change the approach
Teaching howto those who understand why
Add value to what they can learn on their own
Challenge to solve problems
Empower innovation and creativity
Show them how to succeed
But for that you need to know how
Engineering colleges inventing innovative products
Business colleges incubating entrepreneurs
Medical colleges pioneering cheaper healthcare
Degree colleges exploring ways to cure societal ills
Vocational skills training to empower youth
Why do you exist and what will happen if you don’t?
Primary Question to ask
What problem does my teaching solve?
What do you need to change?
In the way you teach, your infrastructure, timetables?
In the qualifications of your teachers?
Do you take feedback fromyour students?
Are your teachers increments based on them?
Do your teachers consult outside your college?
Are your teachers inspirational?
What others are doing
Carnegie Mellon: http://www.cmu.edu/brag/
Inventors of Artificial Intelligence, Wi-Fi, Kevlar fibre, Java language, Smile ;-)),
Udacity: http://bit.ly/1Q6Zv2o (Money back guarantee)
Research: Algorithmto rank hypertext documents by Sergey Brin and Larry
Product: Google SearchEngine whichranks websites
Stats: Googleis now a $480 billion company and employs 60,000 peopleas of
1970, Stony Brook University, NewYork
Research: Introducing gradients in the magnetic field which allows for
determining the origin of the radio waves emittedfromthe nuclei of the object of
study by Paul Christian Lauterbur. He won Nobel Prize in Physiology or
Product: MRI Scans
2015, Universityof California
Research: Nano Robotics, Nanobots in Bloodalsoknown as ‘Swallowthe doctor’
Usage: These are tinyrobots that can function like our own whiteblood cells anddestroybacteriaand other
pathogens. These miniature robots would function liketheir full-sizeequivalents with their own sensors,
and propulsion systems and could performsmall taskslike delivering chemotherapy1000 times more
powerful thanusingdrugs andwould not cause as manyside-effects to patients like the current treatments
Research: Vital sign monitoring internally fromthe gastrointestinaltract. Ingestible Sensors
Theseminute microchips are orally administered and have the capability to record bodily
processes, fluctuations, and vital signs in real-time, allowing for more accurateand reliable
data for physicians to work with.
Indians succeed outside India
Vinod Khosla, IITDelhi, FoundedSun
Microsystems, inventor or Java
Sundar Pichai, IITRoorkee, CEOof
ShantanuNarayen, Osmania University,
Hyderabad, CEOof Adobe Systems.
Padmasree Warrior, IIT Delhi, CTOof
CiscoSystems. Earlier she was CTOof
Sabeer Bhatia, BITS, FoundedHotmail
whichwas acquiredby Microsoft.
Satya Nadella, Manipal University, CEO
Enrollment by fields of study
Field Number ('000)
Commerce & Management 3,571
Engineering & Technology 3,262
Veterinary Science 28
But not one single innovation
So what are we doing?
Number of words
Urdu(including phrases & proverbs) 50,000 (Standard Twentieth Century Dictionary:
Urdu into English (Delhi, 1980)
Arabic 250,000 http://lughat.blogspot.in/2013/12/does-arabic-have-most-words-
How do you define the richness of a language?
But is Englishreallymissing out by not having distinct words for male camelsمجل vs.
femalecamels ناقة ?
Or is Arabicreally missing out by not having a word for scones?
But what if I asked, ‘Is Arabicmissing out by not having words for Wi-fi, Supernova,
Diabetes, Blood Corpuscle, Nanotech, Sensor
What defines the richness of a language–
Number of words or contemporary relevance?
So what does it all MEAN for
you as a teacher??
Essence of it all
Faster and easier access to information
Hugely enhanced computation power, information storages and hugely fast searches
Potential to forecast scenarios, prepare for eventualities, predict outcomes, options
Potential to control, influence, track, help, network, leverage, surveillance, security,
share, empower andearn
But benefits only those who know how to use it
Connectivity: Show links between subjects
Utility: Show howthese apply in real life
Curiosity: Raise questions
Integrated Holistic Teaching
What do the majority of students do with text books once the
course is over?
How do you think history impacts math?
How do you think geography impacts history?
How do you think physics impacts industry?
Then why do you teach subjects in isolation?
Future Class Room
Students of multiple ages
Several teachers – subject wise + class teacher
Teachers provide support only
Text books dumb down knowledge. Teachoriginal texts
Biology: Marine plants & animals
Physics: Displacement floats ships
Chemistry: Why is sea water salty?
Geography: Navigation, Orienteering, sailing,
Engineering: Ship building
History: Maritime history of nations, colonial domination
Trade: Routes, goods, cultural & population change
Living knowledge applied in context
Geology: Isostacy of mountains: Stabilizing effect
Geography: How mountains effect climate
Biology: Mountain flora & fauna
History: How mountains affectedhistory of nations
Draw lessons to connect to current events
“A successful teacher is one who enables students to leverage their
strengths and sets their feet on a path of self discovery where they
constantly strive to make the world a better place.”
It’s not about today
Teaching is about keeping the
excitement of learning alive all lifelong.
Do you really want to change?
1. What is the cost of changing?
2. What is the cost of not changing?
3. What will be easy?
4. What will be difficult?
5. What are you willing to do to make it happen?
Results are directly proportional to effort
Success is a process of
connecting aspirations to reality
If you want to be successful you must respect
Never lie to yourself.
~ Paulo Coelho
5. Time bound
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