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Challenges for Educators

  1. 1. How to prepare students for the future Challenges for Educators
  2. 2. Mirza Yawar Baig Opening the world, one mind at a time© WorkExperience:  InternationalSpeaker,Trainer,Author,Coach,LeadershipConsultantwith16yearsinCorporate GeneralManagement,30 yearsinTraining& OrganizationalDevelopment,specializinginFamily BusinessConsulting& Entrepreneurship Director/ ProfessionalMember:  CenterforConflictResolution& HumanSecurity  IndianSocietyforAppliedBehaviouralScience Entrepreneur:  1994:Founded Education:  IIM-A, P-CMM®,MBTI©,WSA©,ISABS Books:  TheBusinessofFamilyBusiness  AnEntrepreneur’sDiary  HiringWinners  LeadershipLessonsfromtheLifeofRasoolullah  Leadershipisa PersonalChoice MemberConsultantPanel: USA  GE CorporateUniversity,Crotonville  OracleCorporateUniversity,CA  AMA International,NewYork  AndersenCorporateUniversity,MN India  IndianInstituteof Management,Bangalore  SVP NationalPoliceAcademy, Hyderabad  SSB Academy,Gwaldam,UttarAkhand  LBSAcademy of Administration, Mussoorie ClientsInclude: GE,Oracle,Motorola,Microsoft,IBM,Digital-Compaq,NationalSemiconductor,Unilever,BSNL, TataIndicom,Colgate,AsianPaints,Siemens,Wartsila,MphasiS,CavinKare,EXLService,World Bank, ICRISAT,WorldFish,TataCorporate,J & J,Accenture,ZenecaSeeds,ShantaBiotech, Advanta,Reuters,AirIndia,YusufBinAhmedKanoo,Olam,RegalBeloit,RelianceWorld,NIS Sparta, AMKA,EmamiGroup,Suzlon,JPMorgan,SEWInfrastructure,RahimAfroze,Expolanka, Brandix
  3. 3. To teach the child to succeed in a future that you know nothing about Your challenge
  4. 4. Think of your role model  For howmany of you is it a parent or a teacher?  What wouldyour children / students say if I were to ask themthe same question? The challenge is to inspire those who we have the maximum facetime with
  5. 5. Why do you teach? 1. History? 2. Geography? 3. Mathematics? 4. Do your exam questions reflect this? What if you taught keeping the real purpose in mind?
  6. 6. Commercialization of basic education and health care are the worst violence to society
  7. 7. The first casualty of schooling is imagination. The second is independence. Confidence dies on its own of a broken heart. This is called Graduation.
  8. 8. Our schooling slaughters imagination at the altar of practicality. Practicality is defined by the past. Imagination defines the future.
  9. 9. There's no demand until you show possibilities. So imagination is far more important than intelligence. IQ should mean Imagination Quotient.
  10. 10. Why else would so-called global leaders make the same mistakes since the Roman Empire except that they're trained in a flawed system?
  11. 11. How's it possible to know all about the world and that there's no other world; yet we continue to destroy it? That's knowledge?
  12. 12. Define the Product Method will depend on the definition
  13. 13.  Define our product: What are we tryingto create?  What you needto create a plane is not the same as what you needto createa train  Changes must be made in both‘What’ and ‘How’ Most important need You can’t build an aircraft in a locomotive factory
  14. 14. Which question denotes excellence?  What was your rank? (Mark percentage)  What did you learn to do? Is it a surprise that 85%of engineers are unemployable? 15
  15. 15. Define your role  Teaching him about flying  Teaching him to fly Your role definition will dictate your approach
  16. 16.  Using knowledge – What new inventions?  New knowledge – What new publications?  Leveraging Knowledge – What impact in society? Assessment Parameters Financial benefit is a byproduct
  17. 17. What we need When was the last time that you rewarded a student for disagreeing with you? Question Challenge Change
  18. 18. What we produce We rewardcompliance andpunish questioning Accept ComplyContinue
  19. 19. What we must encourage But we demand conformity and punish diversity Imagination
  20. 20. What we must do But we dampen and discourage Provoke
  21. 21. Education is not the accumulation of random bits of information, no matter how complex.
  22. 22. Our successful system  Rewards compliance  Punishes investigation, questioning, change  Focusedon stuffing the headwith randombits of information – not on opening the door to lifelonglearning  Tests randomrecall in a specific time window- exams How many children read text books after the exam?
  23. 23. A system designed to create obedient slaves
  24. 24. The Tragedy Is that our system is highly successful
  25. 25. 21st Century Leadership To help themto thrive in a world we know nothing about
  26. 26. If a system is to be judged by its results, what should we say about our education system looking at its result – our society?
  27. 27. Challenges for Educators 21st Century and Beyond
  28. 28. Change the approach  Teaching howto those who understand why  Add value to what they can learn on their own  Challenge to solve problems  Empower innovation and creativity  Show them how to succeed But for that you need to know how
  29. 29. Imagine  Engineering colleges inventing innovative products  Business colleges incubating entrepreneurs  Medical colleges pioneering cheaper healthcare  Degree colleges exploring ways to cure societal ills  Vocational skills training to empower youth Why do you exist and what will happen if you don’t?
  30. 30. Primary Question to ask What problem does my teaching solve?
  31. 31. What do you need to change?  In the way you teach, your infrastructure, timetables?  In the qualifications of your teachers?  Do you take feedback fromyour students?  Are your teachers increments based on them?  Do your teachers consult outside your college? Are your teachers inspirational?
  32. 32. What others are doing  Carnegie Mellon:  Inventors of Artificial Intelligence, Wi-Fi, Kevlar fibre, Java language, Smile ;-)), CAPTCHAs, #hashtags  Udacity: (Money back guarantee)
  33. 33. Google  1998, StanfordUniversity  Research: Algorithmto rank hypertext documents by Sergey Brin and Larry Page  Product: Google SearchEngine whichranks websites  Company: Google  Stats: Googleis now a $480 billion company and employs 60,000 peopleas of November 2015
  34. 34. MRI Scans  1970, Stony Brook University, NewYork  Research: Introducing gradients in the magnetic field which allows for determining the origin of the radio waves emittedfromthe nuclei of the object of study by Paul Christian Lauterbur. He won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (2003)  Product: MRI Scans
  35. 35. Nanobots  2015, Universityof California  Research: Nano Robotics, Nanobots in Bloodalsoknown as ‘Swallowthe doctor’  Usage: These are tinyrobots that can function like our own whiteblood cells anddestroybacteriaand other pathogens. These miniature robots would function liketheir full-sizeequivalents with their own sensors, and propulsion systems and could performsmall taskslike delivering chemotherapy1000 times more powerful thanusingdrugs andwould not cause as manyside-effects to patients like the current treatments do.
  36. 36. Ingestible Sensors  2015, MIT  Research: Vital sign monitoring internally fromthe gastrointestinaltract. Ingestible Sensors  Theseminute microchips are orally administered and have the capability to record bodily processes, fluctuations, and vital signs in real-time, allowing for more accurateand reliable data for physicians to work with. 
  37. 37. Indians succeed outside India  Vinod Khosla, IITDelhi, FoundedSun Microsystems, inventor or Java programming language  Sundar Pichai, IITRoorkee, CEOof Google.  ShantanuNarayen, Osmania University, Hyderabad, CEOof Adobe Systems.  Padmasree Warrior, IIT Delhi, CTOof CiscoSystems. Earlier she was CTOof Motorola  Sabeer Bhatia, BITS, FoundedHotmail whichwas acquiredby Microsoft.  Satya Nadella, Manipal University, CEO of Microsoft.
  38. 38. Universities and Colleges in India
  39. 39. Enrollment by Level of Education
  40. 40. Enrollment by fields of study Field Number ('000) Arts 7,539 Science 3,790 Commerce & Management 3,571 Engineering & Technology 3,262 Education 733 Medicine 716 Law 373 Others 218 Agriculture 97 Veterinary Science 28 20,327
  41. 41. But not one single innovation So what are we doing?
  42. 42. Number of words  Urdu(including phrases & proverbs) 50,000 (Standard Twentieth Century Dictionary: Urdu into English (Delhi, 1980)  Arabic 250,000 dont.html  English 1,025,109.8( words-in-the-english-language-1008879/ How do you define the richness of a language?
  43. 43. Who loses?  But is Englishreallymissing out by not having distinct words for male camels‫مجل‬ vs. femalecamels ‫ناقة‬ ?  Or is Arabicreally missing out by not having a word for scones?  But what if I asked, ‘Is Arabicmissing out by not having words for Wi-fi, Supernova, Diabetes, Blood Corpuscle, Nanotech, Sensor What defines the richness of a language– Number of words or contemporary relevance?
  44. 44. So what does it all MEAN for you as a teacher??
  45. 45. Essence of it all  Faster and easier access to information  Hugely enhanced computation power, information storages and hugely fast searches  Potential to forecast scenarios, prepare for eventualities, predict outcomes, options  Potential to control, influence, track, help, network, leverage, surveillance, security, share, empower andearn But benefits only those who know how to use it
  46. 46. Integrated Teaching A brief glimpse
  47. 47.  Connectivity: Show links between subjects  Utility: Show howthese apply in real life  Curiosity: Raise questions Integrated Holistic Teaching What do the majority of students do with text books once the course is over?
  48. 48.  How do you think history impacts math?  How do you think geography impacts history?  How do you think physics impacts industry? Integrated Teaching Then why do you teach subjects in isolation?
  49. 49. Future Class Room  Students of multiple ages  Several teachers – subject wise + class teacher  Self-learning anddiscovery  Teachers provide support only Text books dumb down knowledge. Teachoriginal texts
  50. 50. Project: Oceans  Biology: Marine plants & animals  Physics: Displacement floats ships  Chemistry: Why is sea water salty?  Geography: Navigation, Orienteering, sailing,  Engineering: Ship building  History: Maritime history of nations, colonial domination  Trade: Routes, goods, cultural & population change Living knowledge applied in context
  51. 51. Project: Mountains  Geology: Isostacy of mountains: Stabilizing effect  Geography: How mountains effect climate  Biology: Mountain flora & fauna  History: How mountains affectedhistory of nations Draw lessons to connect to current events
  52. 52. “A successful teacher is one who enables students to leverage their strengths and sets their feet on a path of self discovery where they constantly strive to make the world a better place.”
  53. 53. It’s not about today Teaching is about keeping the excitement of learning alive all lifelong.
  54. 54. Do you really want to change? 1. What is the cost of changing? 2. What is the cost of not changing? 3. What will be easy? 4. What will be difficult? 5. What are you willing to do to make it happen? Results are directly proportional to effort
  55. 55. Success is a process of connecting aspirations to reality Investment Commitment Adaptability Persistence Ambivalence Passion
  56. 56. If you want to be successful you must respect one rule: Never lie to yourself. ~ Paulo Coelho
  57. 57. ‘SMART’ Goals 1. Specific 2. Measurable 3. Actionable 4. Realistic 5. Time bound
  58. 58. Action Steps Start Stop Continue 60
  59. 59. Thought Share