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Protected Areas of Pakistan.

Wildlife Management

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Protected Areas of Pakistan.

  1. 1. TOPIC NAME: Protected areas of Pakistan SUBMITTED TO: MAM BUSHRA ALLAH RAKHA SUBMITTED BY: MISHKAT NOOR ZARAK KHAN
  2. 2. CONTENTS Definition IUCN Categories Types of Protected Areas CITES Protected Animals in Pakistan
  3. 3. What are protected areas?  "A clearly defined geographical space, recognized, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values.  Generally, protected areas are understood to be those in which human occupation or at least the exploitation of resources is limited.  Protected areas are essential for biodiversity consevation, often providing habitat and protection from hunting for threatened and endangered species.  In Pakistan Protected areas are of four types National Parks, wildlife santuary, game reseve and community controlled hunting areas.
  4. 4. IUCN protected areas management categories  IUCN Category Total sites  IUCN Category Ia :Strict Nature Reserve  IUCN Category Ib: Wilderness Area  IUCN Category II : National Parks  IUCN Category III: Natural Monuments  IUCN Category IV:Wildlife Sanctuaries  IUCN Category V:Protected Landscape/Seascapes  IUCN Category VI: Managed Resouce Protected Area
  5. 5. Types of Protected Areas in Pakistan These are types of protected areas in Pakistan. National Parks : 29 Wildlife Sanctuaries : 99 Game Reserves :102 Community Controlled Hunting Areas : 76
  6. 6. Summary of protected areas in Pakistan Province/ Territory National Parks Wildlife Sanctuary Game Reserve CCHA Total AJK 8 0 12 0 19 Balochista n 2 15 8 2 27 KPK 6 8 38 52 104 Punjab 4 36 20 3 63 Sindh 1 35 14 0 50 Federal Territory 1 1 1 0 3 GB 5 3 9 19 36 Total 29 99 102 76 306
  7. 7. National Parks  According to modern protected area legislation, a national park is a protected area set aside by the government for the protection and conservation of its outstanding scenary and wildlife.  Pakistan has 29 proteted areas known as National parks , only some of these are under the conservation scope of IUCN.  A national park shall be assesible to public for recreation,education and research subject to such restrictions and fee as government may impose.
  8. 8. NATIONAL PARKS  Following are the major national parks of Paksiatan:  Central Karakoram national park  Deosai national park  Kirthar national park  Lal Suhanra national park  Hingol national park  Hazarganji-Chiltan national park  Margalla Hills national park  Ayubia national park  Machiara national park  Chitral Gol national park  Khunjerab national park
  9. 9. Prohibited acts in National Parks  Hunting,trapping,shooting,killing and capturing of wild animals.  Firing of guns.  Burning ,destroying and removal of plants.  Clearing of land for cultivation.  Construction of roads , railway lines etc.  Surface mining.  Polluting water flowing through national parks.
  10. 10. Aims and purposes of establishing national parks  The primary purpose of national park is to protect the natural wonders and the wildlife located within these enviornments.  For variety of living things.  They provide safe home for native plants and animals. We coexist with all these creatures on this planet so we must do our best to protect them.  For our enjoyment and health.  National parks are places of natural beauty.Many people have fun bushwalking,camping or having a picnic,enjoying the view and taking fresh air.
  11. 11. Central Karakoram National Park  It is the largest national Park of Pakistan, located in Gilgit Baltistan.  It was declared a national park on 1993.  It covers an area of 1,390,100 ha (3,435,012 acres).
  12. 12. Wildlife of central karakoram national park Mammals  Marcopolo sheep  Markhor  Urial  Ibex  Red fox  Grey wolf  Asian black bear  Brown bear
  13. 13. Wildlife of central karakoram national park  BIRDS  Robin accentor  Black-throated thrush  Vultures  Rosefinches  Himalayan monals  REPTILES  There are three species of lizard but no amphibians
  14. 14. Deosai National Park  It is spread over an area of 358,400 ha (885,626 acres).  It was established in 1993 to conserve endangered Himalayan brown bear.  Deosai plains are home to snow leopard ,red fox, golden marmot , wolf, ladakh urial, himalyan musk deer,
  15. 15. Kirthar National Park  It is founded in 1974.  It stretches over an area of 308733 hectares.  It is situated in Kirthar Mountain range, South west of Sindh.  It is the third largest national park of Pakistan and the first Pakistan’s national park to be included in IUCN list of national parks.
  16. 16. Wildlife of kirthar national park  Fauna of Kirthar Nationl park : Jungle cat , Jackal, Urial,Sindh Ibex,Indian grey mangoose,Hedgehodges,Porcupine.
  17. 17. Lal SUhanra National Park  It is also one of the largest national parks of South Asia.  It is situated in Bahawalpur ,Punjab , Pakistan,  It is spread over an area of 162568 acres.  It was established in 1972 for the conservation of native flora and fauna of Cholistan particularly Blackbuck,Chinkara ,Blue bull and others  It is notable for the diversity of its landscape ,which include areas of desert, forest and wetland.  It is also a biosphere reserve in the Central Pakistan.
  18. 18. Wildlife of Lal Suhanra National Park  Mammals  Long eared hedgehodge,Bluebull, Hog deer, Smooth coated otter, Indian rhino (introduced).  Birds  More than 160 species including houbara bustard,indian sparrow hawk,Egyptian vulture,laggar falcon
  19. 19. Wildlife of lal suhanra national park  Reptiles  Monitor lizard , Russels’s viper, Indian cobra, Spiny tailed lizard.
  20. 20. Hingol National Park  Area : 165004 ha ,located along Makran coast,Balochistan. WILDLIFE OF HINGOL NATIONAL PARK  Mammals of the park are Ibex,Urial,Chinkara gazelle.  Fishes incude endamic and threatened species such as Mahaseer ,Schools of plumbeous dolphins(Sousa plumbea).
  21. 21. Wildlife of Hingol National park  Reptiles Marsh crocodile, Olive ridley, Green Marine turtle  Birds Houbara bustard, Dalmation, Spot Billed Pelican, Eagle owl , Brown vulture.
  22. 22. Hazarganji -Chiltan National Park  Area 15,555 ha (38437 acres).loacted in Quetta,Balochistan.  Establised in 1980 to provide refuge to endangered chiltan wild goat or Markhor.
  23. 23. Wildlife of hazarganji- chiltan national park  Mammals 1. Indian wolf 2. Caracel 3. Jackal 4. Porcupine 5. Desert hare  Birds 1. Scoops owl 2. Common cuckoo 3. European bee eater 4. Rock partridge 5. Honey buzzard  Reptiles 1. Saw scaled viper 2. Spiny tailed lizard 3. Monitor lizard
  24. 24. Margalla Hills National Park  This park is located in the foothills of Himalayan Range.  It was established in 1980.  It covers an area of 17,386 ha (42,962 acres).  The park was setup to provide refuge to Grey goral,Barking deer, and leopard.
  25. 25. Wildlife of Margalla hills national park  It is a home to 600 plant species;  250 Bird varieties including White cheeked bulbul, yellow vented bulbul,paradise fly catcher, cheer pheasant, larks , golden oriale.  38 Mammals including grey goral ,rhesus macaque,yellow throated martin,fruit bats.  13 Reptile species including himalayan pit viper, saw scaled viper, russel’s viper.
  26. 26. Ayubia national park  It is a small national park in the Muree Hills with an area of 3312 ha.  It consists entitely of reserve forests including Pine forests covering the hills and provideing shelter to larger and smaller mammals.  The park was establish to provide refuge to loepard and black bear.  Ayubia National Park is a major recreation area visited by large numbers of local tourists, mostly from Islamabad and Abottabad.
  27. 27. Wildlife of ayubia national park  Mammals 1. Asiatic leopard 2. Yellow throated martin 3. Red flying squirrel 4. Himalayan palm civet 5. Rhesus macaque  Birds 1. Golden eagle 2. Perigrine falcon 3. Spotted and collared dove 4. Hill pigeon
  28. 28. Machiara national park  Area 33438 acres  It is located in Neelam Valley, Muzaffarabad ,Azad Kashmir.  It was established in 1996.  It is one of the few sites where a breeding population of the Western Tragopan pheasant exists, it is one of the most significant pheasnts in the world.
  29. 29. Chitral gol national park  Area of the park is 7750 ha (19151 acres), located in land of Kafir Kalash and beautiful Gol valley ,Chitral,surrounded by snow clad mountains and pine trees. Wildlife oF the park  MAMMALS  Markhor goat  Siberian ibex  Ladakh urial  Black bear
  30. 30. Khunjerab national park  Area 2,26,913 ha  Located along Karakoram Highway, Gilgit, Gilgit Baltistan at a height of over 4000 m near the Khunjerab Pass Pakistan.  It was established in 1975 since the population of marcopolo sheep was declining at alarming rate at that time.
  31. 31. Wildlife of khunjerab national park  MAMMALS  Tibetan Red Fox  Blue Sheep  Tibetan Wolf  Tibetan Wild Donkey  Ermine  Alpine Weasel  Large eared Pika  Cape Hare
  32. 32. GAME RESERVE  Game reserves are large areas of land where wild animals live safely or are hunted in a controlled way for sport.  Government may declare any area to be a game reserve where hunting of wild animals shall not be allowed , except under special permits.  In pakistan there are 102 game reserves.  Head Qadirabad Game reserve  Machiara Game reserve
  33. 33. Wildlife sanctuary  A Wildlife sanctuary is an area set aside as an undisturbed breeding ground where public access restricted or regulated beyong national parks and game reserves.  Public access, settlement , grazing by domestic livestock,such activities are prohibited in wildlife sancturies.  Hunting is strictly prohibited in these areas.  The main objective of wildlife sanctuary is to protect flora and fauna from extinction.  At present there are 99 wildlife sanctuaries in Pakistan, 66 officially recognised by and upto the standards of the Internatonal Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
  34. 34. WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES OF PAKISTAN  Following are the major wildlife sanctuaries of Pakistan.  Astore  Baltistan  Bajwat  Cholistan wildlife sanctuary  Chashma and Taunsa Barrage Dolphin sanctuary  Chumbi surla  Hab dam  Lehri nature park  Naltar  Nara desert  Runn of kutch
  35. 35. ASTORE/BALTISTAN WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES  Covering 800 sq km in total,these areas are on the north side of Astore Valley in Gilgit Baltistan, east of Nanga Parbat,on either side of the Indus.  They are prominent for being conservationist Spots for the endangered Astore Markhor, in addition to endangered Snow Leopard , Brown Bear and the Lynx.
  36. 36. BAJWAT WILDLIFE SANCTUARY  Total area is 5400 ha , located in Sialkot District.  It provide protection for Waterfowls (order Anseriforms) , and variety of mammals including Hog Deer and Nilgai.  Scientists have recorded 110 species of birds on the site. The most common are species of the family Motacillidae.
  37. 37. CHOLISTAN WILDLIFE SANCTUARY  In Cholistan desert , Punjab, an area of about 6,533 sq kn has been declared as wildlife sanctuary inside the desert.  Some of the rare animals of this region are the Desert Wolf, Indian Fox,Red Fox , Saker Falcon, Black-backed vulture and Saw scaled Viper.
  38. 38. Chashma and taunsa barrage dolphin sanctuary  It is located in Mianwali District, Punjab, Pakistan.  It was declared open to the public in 1972.  Since the 1970s, the population of the Indus River Dolphins has significantly increased there.
  39. 39. Chumbi surla wildlife sanctuary  It is a wildlife sanctuary covering an area of 55,945 acres (22,640 ha).  It is located in Khushab district and Chakwal District, Punjab, Pakistan.  It was established in 1978, for the purpose of conserving the threatened species of urial.
  40. 40. NARA DESERT WILDLIFE SANCTUARY  The Nara Desert provide refuge to a large number of wildlife in the Sindh province.  The Nara Canal area is known to be of great importance for wintering waterfowl and other wildlife.  The largest population of Mugger Crocodile in Pakistan is found here.
  41. 41. RANN OF KUTCH WILDLIFE SANCTUARY  The Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Badin District. It was declared a wildlife sanctuary by the Sindh government in Pakistan in 1980.  The area is known to be a breeding ground for Flamingoes and a staging (temporary platform) ground for Pelicans, Cranes, Storks, and many species of Waterfowl.
  42. 42. PROTECTED FORESTS  The protected areas serve the purpose of conserving the forests and wildlife of Pakistan.  Natural protected forests  Birir Valley Coniferous Forest ( 'Deodar Chilghoza Oak Forest') in Chitral District.  Jhangar Scrub Forest in Chakwal District.  Sulaiman Coniferous Forest (Sulaiman Chilgoza Pine Forest') in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa.  Ziarat Juniper Forest in Ziarat District.  Artificial resource managed forests  Changa Manga Forest in Lahore District  Chichawatni Plantation in Sahiwal District  Khipro Reserve Forest in Sanghar District
  43. 43. PROTECTED ANIMALS OF PAKISTAN •BIRDS •Lesser whistling teal •Kalig •Chukar partridge
  44. 44. PROTECTED ANIMALS OF PAKISTAN  MAMMALS  Black bear  Common leopard  Snow leopard  Striped hyena  Indian wolf  Hog deer  Urial  Indus dolphin
  45. 45. Convention on international trade of endangered species (CITES )Protected Animals in Pakistan.  Appendix I : Species threatened with extinction  Indian wolf  Black bear  Induns dolphin  Markhor  Urial  Caracal  Snow leopard  Common leopard  Laggar falcon  Monal  Green sea turtle  Indian or bengal monitor.
  46. 46. CITES Protected Animals in Pakistan  Appendix II : Not necessarily threatened with extinction.  Blandfold’s fox  Brown bear  Pangolin  Black stork  Common crane  White headed or stiffed tailed duck
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