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TOPIC NAME: Protected areas of
MAM BUSHRA ALLAH RAKHA
Types of Protected Areas
CITES Protected Animals in
What are protected areas?
"A clearly defined geographical space, recognized,
dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective
means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature
with associated ecosystem services and cultural values.
Generally, protected areas are understood to be those in
which human occupation or at least the exploitation of
resources is limited.
Protected areas are essential for biodiversity
consevation, often providing habitat and protection
from hunting for threatened and endangered species.
In Pakistan Protected areas are of four types National
Parks, wildlife santuary, game reseve and community
controlled hunting areas.
IUCN protected areas management categories
IUCN Category Total sites
IUCN Category Ia :Strict Nature Reserve
IUCN Category Ib: Wilderness Area
IUCN Category II : National Parks
IUCN Category III: Natural Monuments
IUCN Category IV:Wildlife Sanctuaries
IUCN Category V:Protected Landscape/Seascapes
IUCN Category VI: Managed Resouce Protected Area
Types of Protected Areas in Pakistan
These are types of protected areas in
National Parks : 29
Wildlife Sanctuaries : 99
Game Reserves :102
Community Controlled Hunting Areas : 76
Summary of protected areas in Pakistan
AJK 8 0 12 0 19
2 15 8 2 27
KPK 6 8 38 52 104
Punjab 4 36 20 3 63
Sindh 1 35 14 0 50
1 1 1 0 3
GB 5 3 9 19 36
Total 29 99 102 76 306
According to modern protected area legislation, a national
park is a protected area set aside by the government for the
protection and conservation of its outstanding scenary and
Pakistan has 29 proteted areas known as National parks ,
only some of these are under the conservation scope of
A national park shall be assesible to public for
recreation,education and research subject to such
restrictions and fee as government may impose.
Following are the major national parks of Paksiatan:
Central Karakoram national park
Deosai national park
Kirthar national park
Lal Suhanra national park
Hingol national park
Hazarganji-Chiltan national park
Margalla Hills national park
Ayubia national park
Machiara national park
Chitral Gol national park
Khunjerab national park
Prohibited acts in National Parks
Hunting,trapping,shooting,killing and capturing of
Firing of guns.
Burning ,destroying and removal of plants.
Clearing of land for cultivation.
Construction of roads , railway lines etc.
Polluting water flowing through national parks.
Aims and purposes of establishing national parks
The primary purpose of national park is to protect the
natural wonders and the wildlife located within these
For variety of living things.
They provide safe home for native plants and animals.
We coexist with all these creatures on this planet so we
must do our best to protect them.
For our enjoyment and health.
National parks are places of natural beauty.Many
people have fun bushwalking,camping or having a
picnic,enjoying the view and taking fresh air.
Central Karakoram National Park
It is the largest national Park of Pakistan, located in Gilgit
It was declared a national park on 1993.
It covers an area of 1,390,100 ha (3,435,012 acres).
Wildlife of central karakoram national park
Asian black bear
Wildlife of central karakoram national park
There are three species of lizard but no amphibians
Deosai National Park
It is spread over an area of 358,400 ha (885,626 acres).
It was established in 1993 to conserve endangered Himalayan
Deosai plains are home to snow leopard ,red fox, golden
marmot , wolf, ladakh urial, himalyan musk deer,
Kirthar National Park
It is founded in 1974.
It stretches over an area of 308733 hectares.
It is situated in Kirthar Mountain range, South
west of Sindh.
It is the third largest national park of Pakistan
and the first Pakistan’s national park to be
included in IUCN list of national parks.
Wildlife of kirthar national park
Fauna of Kirthar Nationl park :
Jungle cat , Jackal, Urial,Sindh Ibex,Indian grey
Lal SUhanra National Park
It is also one of the largest national parks of South Asia.
It is situated in Bahawalpur ,Punjab , Pakistan,
It is spread over an area of 162568 acres.
It was established in 1972 for the conservation of native
flora and fauna of Cholistan particularly
Blackbuck,Chinkara ,Blue bull and others
It is notable for the diversity of its landscape ,which
include areas of desert, forest and wetland.
It is also a biosphere reserve in the Central Pakistan.
Wildlife of Lal Suhanra National Park
Long eared hedgehodge,Bluebull, Hog deer, Smooth coated
otter, Indian rhino (introduced).
More than 160 species including houbara bustard,indian
sparrow hawk,Egyptian vulture,laggar falcon
Wildlife of lal suhanra national park
Monitor lizard , Russels’s viper, Indian cobra, Spiny
Hingol National Park
Area : 165004 ha ,located along Makran coast,Balochistan.
WILDLIFE OF HINGOL NATIONAL PARK
Mammals of the park are Ibex,Urial,Chinkara gazelle.
Fishes incude endamic and threatened species such as
Mahaseer ,Schools of plumbeous dolphins(Sousa plumbea).
Wildlife of Hingol National park
Marsh crocodile, Olive ridley, Green Marine turtle
Houbara bustard, Dalmation, Spot Billed Pelican, Eagle owl ,
Hazarganji -Chiltan National Park
Area 15,555 ha (38437 acres).loacted in
Establised in 1980 to provide refuge to
endangered chiltan wild goat or Markhor.
Wildlife of hazarganji- chiltan national park
1. Indian wolf
5. Desert hare
1. Scoops owl
2. Common cuckoo
3. European bee eater
4. Rock partridge
5. Honey buzzard
1. Saw scaled viper
2. Spiny tailed lizard
3. Monitor lizard
Margalla Hills National Park
This park is located in the foothills of Himalayan Range.
It was established in 1980.
It covers an area of 17,386 ha (42,962 acres).
The park was setup to provide refuge to Grey goral,Barking
deer, and leopard.
Wildlife of Margalla hills national park
It is a home to 600 plant species;
250 Bird varieties including
White cheeked bulbul, yellow vented bulbul,paradise fly
catcher, cheer pheasant, larks , golden oriale.
38 Mammals including grey goral ,rhesus
macaque,yellow throated martin,fruit bats.
13 Reptile species including himalayan pit viper, saw
scaled viper, russel’s viper.
Ayubia national park
It is a small national park in the Muree Hills with an area of
It consists entitely of reserve forests including Pine forests
covering the hills and provideing shelter to larger and smaller
The park was establish to provide refuge to loepard and black
Ayubia National Park is a major recreation area visited by
large numbers of local tourists, mostly from Islamabad and
Wildlife of ayubia national park
1. Asiatic leopard
2. Yellow throated martin
3. Red flying squirrel
4. Himalayan palm civet
5. Rhesus macaque
1. Golden eagle
2. Perigrine falcon
3. Spotted and collared dove
4. Hill pigeon
Machiara national park
Area 33438 acres
It is located in Neelam Valley, Muzaffarabad ,Azad Kashmir.
It was established in 1996.
It is one of the few sites where a breeding population of the
Western Tragopan pheasant exists, it is one of the most
significant pheasnts in the world.
Chitral gol national park
Area of the park is 7750 ha (19151 acres), located in land of
Kafir Kalash and beautiful Gol valley ,Chitral,surrounded by
snow clad mountains and pine trees.
Wildlife oF the park
Khunjerab national park
Area 2,26,913 ha
Located along Karakoram Highway, Gilgit, Gilgit Baltistan at a
height of over 4000 m near the Khunjerab Pass Pakistan.
It was established in 1975 since the population of marcopolo sheep
was declining at alarming rate at that time.
Wildlife of khunjerab national park
Tibetan Red Fox
Tibetan Wild Donkey
Large eared Pika
Game reserves are large areas of land where wild animals
live safely or are hunted in a controlled way for sport.
Government may declare any area to be a game reserve where
hunting of wild animals shall not be allowed , except under
In pakistan there are 102 game reserves.
Head Qadirabad Game reserve
Machiara Game reserve
A Wildlife sanctuary is an area set aside as an undisturbed
breeding ground where public access restricted or regulated
beyong national parks and game reserves.
Public access, settlement , grazing by domestic livestock,such
activities are prohibited in wildlife sancturies.
Hunting is strictly prohibited in these areas.
The main objective of wildlife sanctuary is to protect flora
and fauna from extinction.
At present there are 99 wildlife sanctuaries in Pakistan, 66
officially recognised by and upto the standards of the
Internatonal Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES OF PAKISTAN
Following are the major wildlife sanctuaries of Pakistan.
Cholistan wildlife sanctuary
Chashma and Taunsa Barrage Dolphin sanctuary
Lehri nature park
Runn of kutch
Covering 800 sq km in total,these areas are on the north side
of Astore Valley in Gilgit Baltistan, east of Nanga Parbat,on
either side of the Indus.
They are prominent for being conservationist Spots for the
endangered Astore Markhor, in addition to endangered Snow
Leopard , Brown Bear and the Lynx.
BAJWAT WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
Total area is 5400 ha , located in Sialkot District.
It provide protection for Waterfowls (order Anseriforms) ,
and variety of mammals including Hog Deer and Nilgai.
Scientists have recorded 110 species of birds on the site. The
most common are species of the family Motacillidae.
CHOLISTAN WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
In Cholistan desert , Punjab, an area of about 6,533 sq kn has
been declared as wildlife sanctuary inside the desert.
Some of the rare animals of this region are the Desert Wolf,
Indian Fox,Red Fox , Saker Falcon, Black-backed vulture and
Saw scaled Viper.
Chashma and taunsa barrage dolphin sanctuary
It is located in Mianwali District, Punjab, Pakistan.
It was declared open to the public in 1972.
Since the 1970s, the population of the Indus River
Dolphins has significantly increased there.
Chumbi surla wildlife sanctuary
It is a wildlife sanctuary covering an area of 55,945 acres
It is located in Khushab district and Chakwal
District, Punjab, Pakistan.
It was established in 1978, for the purpose of conserving the
threatened species of urial.
NARA DESERT WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
The Nara Desert provide refuge to a large number of wildlife
in the Sindh province.
The Nara Canal area is known to be of great importance for
wintering waterfowl and other wildlife.
The largest population of Mugger Crocodile in Pakistan is
RANN OF KUTCH WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
The Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Badin
District. It was declared a wildlife sanctuary by the Sindh
government in Pakistan in 1980.
The area is known to be a breeding ground for Flamingoes
and a staging (temporary platform) ground for Pelicans,
Cranes, Storks, and many species of Waterfowl.
The protected areas serve the purpose of conserving the forests
and wildlife of Pakistan.
Natural protected forests
Birir Valley Coniferous Forest ( 'Deodar Chilghoza Oak Forest')
in Chitral District.
Jhangar Scrub Forest in Chakwal District.
Sulaiman Coniferous Forest (Sulaiman Chilgoza Pine Forest')
in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa.
Ziarat Juniper Forest in Ziarat District.
Artificial resource managed forests
Changa Manga Forest in Lahore District
Chichawatni Plantation in Sahiwal District
Khipro Reserve Forest in Sanghar District
PROTECTED ANIMALS OF PAKISTAN
Convention on international trade of endangered species (CITES )Protected
Animals in Pakistan.
Appendix I : Species threatened with extinction
Green sea turtle
Indian or bengal monitor.
CITES Protected Animals in Pakistan
Appendix II : Not necessarily threatened with extinction.
White headed or stiffed tailed duck