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Research Ethics

Ins & outs of research ethics.The presentation attempts to summarize all aspects of research ethics.

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Research Ethics

  2. 2. Ethics and Research Ethics  According to Oxford Dictionary, Ethics are moral principles that govern a person's behavior or the conducting of an activity.  Research ethics is specifically interested in the analysis of ethical issues that are raised when people (or even animals) are involved as participants in research.
  3. 3. 3 Approaches of Ethics in a Research Universal Moral Code Individual Conscience Costs vs. Benefits
  4. 4. 3 Stakeholders in a Research Participants Researcher Funding Body
  5. 5. Ethical Issues Concerning Research Participants Collecting Information: The researcher needs to make the participants clear that the undertaken research is beneficial for society and only relevant information would be collected.
  6. 6. Ethical Issues Concerning Research Participants Seeking Consent: Informed consent implies the subjects are made adequately aware of the type of information researcher want, why the information is being sought, what purpose it will be put to, how they are expected to participate in the study and how it will directly or indirectly affect them.
  7. 7. Ethical Issues Concerning Research Participants Providing Incentives: It is unethical to provide any sort of inducement or incentives to the respondents for their participation. Participants should not take part in the research because of privileges, but because of realizing the importance of the study.
  8. 8. Ethical Issues Concerning Research Participants Seeking Sensitive Information:  Some information may seem sensitive and confidential to the participants such as questions on sexual behavior, drug use etc.  It is not unethical to ask such questions as long as the research requires those information.  The researcher should ask sensitive questions frankly, clearly with a non judgmental approach and give them sufficient time to decide whether they want to participate or not.
  9. 9. Ethical Issues Concerning Research Participants Possibility of Causing Harm to the Respondents: The following phenomenon should be avoided while gathering data from participants- Hazardous medical experiment Causing discomfort Causing anxiety Causing harassment Invasion of privacy Demeaning procedure
  10. 10. Ethical Issues Concerning Research Participants Maintaining Confidentiality: Information should only be used in research purposes. Personal information of the participants or information that can harm individuals should remain confidential. In such cases, the anonymity of participants should be ensured by the researcher.
  11. 11. Ethical Issues for Researchers  Researchers have to avoid bias. Means they should not hide or misinterpret any outcome to conclude a certain or pre-defined result.  Researchers have to use the data in fruitful researches. They should not overlook any valuable data.  Researchers should not use inappropriate methodology such as biased sampling, using invalid instrument, drawing wrong conclusion etc.
  12. 12. Ethical Issues for Funding Body  The funding body should not select the methodology, prohibit the publication or impose restriction on the research.  It is very unethical for the funding body to misuse the data. Means it’s not ethical using the data to prove or disprove certain agenda or using the data in wrong extent.
  13. 13. Thank You

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Ins & outs of research ethics.The presentation attempts to summarize all aspects of research ethics.


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