3. Children’s literature
Children’s literature is defined as material
written and producing for the
information and entertainment of
children and young adults.
It includes all non-fiction, literary and
artistic genres and physical formats.
4. Children’s Literature Types
Picture Books is for young children
or the beginning readers. The books have
just pictures even without words.
Fantasy books are any novel-or
Realistic children’s literature can
either be set in contemporary times or in
the past. As the name suggests, the
characters are realistic and the plot line
follows something that could actually
Traditional literature is the name
given to any stories which originated orally
and were later written down. These
include some fairy tales, folk tales, myths,
legends, epics and fables.
5. Children’s Literature Authors:
• Frances Hodgson Burnett (1849-1924)
• Mary Frances Ames (1853-1929)
• Mrs. George de Horne Vaizey (1857-1917)
• E. Nesbit (1858-1924)
• Kenneth Grahame (1879-1932)
• J. M. Barrie (1860-1937)
• Herbert Hayens (1860-1937)
• Rudyard Kipling
8. Edith Nesbit was an English
author and poet; she published
her books for children under
the name of E. Nesbit. She
wrote or collaborated on more
60 books of children’s
literature. Edith Nesbit was
an English writer who used
the shortened as E. Nesbit on
her book transferred her
political ideals into her stories
the were on the whole. For
Children she did this by
moving away from Children’s
story telling methods used by
the likes of Lewis Carroll &
9. The author created alternative, fantasy
Nesbit preferred her young reader to remain
rooted in the ‘real world’most of the time.
She was influenced by C. S. Lewis.
10. Her famous works
• 1. The Railway Children (1905)
• 2. Five Children and it (1902)
• 3. The Story of the Treasure Seekers
• 4. New year snows (poem)
• 5. Lullaby (poem)
11. “Five children and it”
Five Children and It
is a children’s novel by
English author E. Nesbit.
It was first published as a
book in 1902, having
been expanded from a
series of stories published
in the Stand Magazine in
1900 under the general
title The Psammead, or
the Gifts. It is the first
volume of a trilogy that
includes The Story of the
Cyril- known as Squirrel: the eldest sibling, who is brave,
diplomatic, and book-smart.
Anthea- known as panther: the second eldest, who is kind,
sensible, and good-hearted.
Robert- known as Bobs: the middle child, he is a practical
joker with a quick temper.
Jane- known as pussy: a generally agreeable little girl with a
tendency to be oversensitive, she is sometimes weepy and
Hilary- the baby, known as the Lamb(because his first word
was ”baa”). He is too young to have much of a personality.
IT- is the psamead, a grumpy, ancient, wish-granting five
who causes trouble for the children but nevertheless grows
fond of theme.
13. Brief plot of Five Children and it
This exemplary of kids' writing shines at
from 1902. Four children - Robert, Anthea, Jane,
and Cyril (the fifth is their infant brother known
as Lamb) – are playing at a sand pit when they
stumble on a Psammead; an ancient sand fairy
the will grant a wish a day, which lasts only as
long as the sun is visible.
14. Over the succeeding days, the kids
learn how many ways that wishes can
backfire on them—they wish for money they
can’t get anyone to accept, beauty that makes
them unrecognizable to their family and
servants, wings that leave them stranded on a
rooftop, a castle under very real siege by a
knightly—and how to choose well and avoid
having to life. The storytelling style is quaint
but the tale is skillfully told.
Brief plot of Five Children and it…
15. “It was only in the 18th century, with the
development of childhood, that a separate genre of
children’s literature began to emerge, with its own
divisions, expectations, and canon”.
Five Children and it ends with a suspense and
leads to sequels. The Children reappeared in The
Phoenix and the Carpet (1904) and in The Story of the
Amulet (1906). The book stands as an inspiration for
Half Magic (1954) by Edward Eager, The Return of
the Psammead (1992) by Helen Cresswell and Four
Children and It (2012) by Jacqueline Wilson.