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The New Literacies Classroom Martin Waller Classroom Teacher and Educational Researcher Holy Trinity Rosehill Primary SchoolUKLA National Conference 2013 – Multimodal approaches to the teaching of literacy
My work…Classroom Teacher of Orange Class (Year 2) and Class 5(Year 5) at Holy Trinity Rosehill Primary School in the UK. Creative Learning Coordinator for Nursery through to Year 6. Previous postgraduate student (MA in New Literacies) at the University of Sheffield.Independent educational researcher working with a range of organisations.
This work is based upon…Waller, M. (2010). It‟s very very fun and ecsiting – using Twitter in theprimary classroom. English Four to Eleven, Summer, pp. 14–16.Waller, M. (2011). „Everyone in the World Can See It‟ - Developing PupilVoice through Online Social Networks. In G. Czerniawski, & W. Kidd, (Eds),The Student Voice Handbook: Bridging the Academic/Practitioner Divide.London, England: Emerald.Waller, M. (2013). Subject to Change: Social Media, Education andContentious Literacies. In Unsworth, L. and Thomas, A. (Eds.) (inpreparation). English Teaching and New Literacies Pedagogy: Interpretingand authoring digital multimedia in the classroom. Peter Lang: New York.MA in New Literacy Studies research at the University of Sheffield.Ongoing classroom research and projects.
Multiple LiteraciesNew Literacy Studies (Street, 1984, 2003; Gee, 1996) A Pedagogy of Multiliteracies (New London Group, 1996; Unsworth, 2001) Multimodality and visual design (Kress, 1997, 2003)Critical Literacy (Comber, 2001) Popular Culture and Literacy (Millard, 2003; Genishi and Dyson, 2009)
“I think it’s about learning about verbs and differentthings and stories. Erm like punctuation anddifferent kinds of... well English”Year 6 Child
The ‘old’…‣ Certain types of activity privileged in the curriculum‣ Literacy conceptualised as a set of discrete skills taught in isolation, regardless of context - „teacher centric‟ (Pahl and Rowsell, 2005; Larson and Marsh, 2005)‣ Focus on print-based decoding skills and the written word (Unsworth, 2001)‣ „Autonomous‟ view of literacy (Street, 1984)
The ‘recent’…‣ National Literacy Strategy and „literacy hour‟ introduced to British schools‣ Represents deeply conservative ideology of what counts as „literacy‟ (Urquahart, 2002: 33)‣ „Common language‟ to describe and prescribe literacy (Urquahart, 2002)
The ‘new’…‣ Curriculum needs to be expanded to take account of diverse communicative practices (New London Group, 1996)‣ Focus on „designs for meaning‟ and identities, cultures and contexts (New London Group, 1996)‣ The digital/virtual worlds that children move within cannot be ignored (Davies and Merchant, 2009)‣ Multiliteracies and „Ideological literacy‟ (Street, 1984; New London Group, 1996)
The ‘now’…‣ „Awesome disconnect‟ between home and school literacy practices (Genishi and Dyson, 2009: 4)‣ Teachers have pluralist view of multiple literacies‣ Year 6 children‟s views more consistent with narrowly conceived definition of National Literacy Strategy‣ Source: Unpublished MA Research completed at the University of Sheffield: Do children’s perceptions of literacy link with those of their teacher after following the National Literacy Strategy Framework for Teaching (DfEE, 1998)?
Social Networking SitesWeb-based services that allow individuals to (1) constructa public profile or semi-public profile within a boundedsystem, (2) articulate a list of other users within whomthey share a connection, and (3) view and traverse theirlist of connections and those made by others within thesystem. (boyd and Ellison, 2008: 221)
Much of the moral panic around new media focuses onthe idea that they distract the attention of children andyoung people from engaging with print literacy practicesand are a causal factor in falling standards in literacy inschools.(Davies and Merchant, 2009: 111)
Social Networks in the ClassroomSocial networks are here to stay - so how can we usethem in schools? What value can they add to an already crowded classroom? Is it safe to use social networks in school?What’s the point?
Reading in this context means not simplydecoding, but involves the taking part in theconstruction of social networks in whichknowledge is co-constructed and distributed.(Marsh, 2010: 29)
Twitter RulesChildren must not mention their name or any of theirfriends by name under any circumstances. Children must not check for replies or direct messages. Children must not navigate away from our Twitter stream page or look at other people‟s profiles.(Waller, 2010)
Multimodality in teaching punctuation…i can‟t think of anything more important to all of us thanour kids and their future barbara morgan is the first in aseries of astronauts who will fly into space a back-up tochrista mcaullife in 1986 after challenger she returned tothe classroom to teach again in 1998 she was selected asthe first educator astronaut and now more than twentyyears after challenger she is a fully trained and qualifiedmission specialist astronaut ready to capture the magic ofspaceflight and share it with teachers and studentsaround the world
Multimodality in teaching punctuation…“I can‟t think of anything more important to all of us thanour kids and their future” – Barbara Morgan. Barbara Morgan is the first in a series of astronautswho will fly into space (a back-up to Christa McAullife in1986). After Challenger, she returned to the classroom toteach again. In 1998, she was selected as the firsteducator astronaut. And now, more than twenty yearsafter Challenger, she is a fully trained (and qualified)mission specialist astronaut – ready to capture the magicof spaceflight and share it with teachers and studentsaround the world.