Más contenido relacionado


Precis Writing.pptx

  1. Precis Writing
  2. What is a Precis?  A precis is a specific kind of summary of an article, book, or speech that uses the language and overall structure of the original source.  Precis-writing is defined as a brief statement in a summary form of the essential ideas in a longer article.
  3. How to write a Precis?  The precis-writer should read the full passage thoroughly to get main theme.  Read the paragraph and While writing, don't go back and read paragraph again  Underline or highlight all the important ideas.  The precis-writer can use his/her own language for precis-writing.  Confirm, whether unimportant points and irrelevant points are excluded in precis-writing.  Each material facts are presented in a separate paragraph  Edit and modify if necessary.
  4. A Precis Must Have These Points  Number of words in Precis should of 1/3 of the actual paragraph  Don't change the central idea of paragraph  Retain the keywords of the paragraph  Don't waste your time in counting words, instead count lines.  Your precis should be completed in one paragraph only and in some cases it can be exceeded.  It must be a miniature version of the original passage.  It must follow the order of ideas of the original.  It must have a title.  It should be written in reported speech (indirect).
  5. Common Mistakes While Writing a Precis  Don't give your personal opinion  Don't use any idiom of your own  Never conclude anything of your own  Never assume anything
  6. Why “Precis Writing” is Needed?  The primary object of precis writing is to present facts and information to spend time reading unnecessary details  The necessity of speedily reading documents mainly arises in business firms and government departments besides other fields of activity  Precis-writing is regarded as a very important kind of composition because it develops one's capacity to discriminate between the essential and the non- essential.
  7. Example  Teaching is the noblest of professions. A teacher has a scared duty to perform. It is he on whom rests the responsibility of moulding the character of young children. Apart from developing their intellect, he can inculcate in them qualities of good citizenship, remaining neat and clean, talking decently and sitting properly. These virtues are not easy to be imbibed. Only he who himself leads a life of simplicity, purity and rigid discipline can successfully cultivate these habits in his pupils. Besides a teacher always remain young. He may grow old in age, but not in spite. Perpetual contact with budding youths keeps him happy and cheerful. There are moments when domestic worries weigh heavily on his mind, but the delightful company of innocent children makes him overcome his transient moods of despair.  Teaching is the noblest profession. A teacher himself leading a simple, pure and disciplined life can mould the character of the young children and make them neat and good mannered citizens. Besides he remains every young forgetting his own domestic worries in the constant company of the young.
  8. Difference Between Precis & Summary Precis Summary A small replica or a model of any passage or article Shortened description of any passage or article It always maintains the order of the original piece and is always in written format Not specifically have to maintain the order and can be written as well as spoken In a Precis, the reader reads a piece of information and has to extract the main idea that is being talked about In summary, the reader or listener decides what are the main points that need to be expressed from the given piece. Maintains the keywords, Data and Concept from the source This expresses the main idea of each paragraph and evidence in support of that idea from the original source
  9. Activity: Precis Writing  Several times in the history of the world particular countries and cities or even small groups of people have attained a high degree of civilization. Yet none of these civilizations, important they were, have lasted and one of the reasons why they did not least was that they were confined to a very few people. They were like little oasis of civilization on deserts of barbarism. Now it is no good being civilized if everybody round about you is barbarous, or rather it is some good but it is very risky. For the barbarians are always liable to break in on you, and with their greater numbers and rude vigor scatter your civilization to the winds. Over and over again in history comparatively civilized people dwelling in cities have been conquered in this way by barbarians coming down from the hills and burning and killing and destroying whatever they found in the plains. (153)