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The 50 Hours for 50 Nations Program - Carl Pennypacker

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Presented at the GHOU 2018 conference in Vienna, Austria from 13-15 August.

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The 50 Hours for 50 Nations Program - Carl Pennypacker

  1. 1. Outline of Talk : • What is GHOU (Global Hands-On Universe) • Review of a some GHOU Accomplishments • Steps to Unifying Astronomy with Modeling Instruction – both a theory of learning and a robust dissemination network!
  2. 2. Thanks and Acknowledgements! : • • Thank you to the Organizers! Thilina, Bonnie Thurber, and Kuffner Observatory Colleauges • Thanks to the IAU • Inspired and eager to work with many of the great folks here!
  3. 3. Welcome – 19th Year of GHOU Workshops! : • • Thanks to all who have come! • We have had some successes this year • I hope we can all explore and plane for ways to reach more teachers with various methods
  4. 4. Some amazing New Opportunities • Potential Fullbright Fellowships for teachers from some nations to come to the US and take a 3-week Modeling Instruction Astronomy HOU workshop • Global Hands-On Oceans (GHOO) Go Norway! • IASC-GTTP-GHOU Collaboration • LCO/FTN And lots of Telescope Time and 50 Hours Project • Starting to expand upon Internet-video conferences – we had a very successful one last year for Uganda • Other methods to reach teachers! • Let us try to support teachers from Austria!
  5. 5. What is GHOU:  A network of many teachers (20,000 to 40,000 around the world in >100 nations – thanks to GTTP and Rosa Doran!)  Scientists/educators who like to build bridges between modern astronomy research/technology and traditional classroom education ~100 of us  Network Intra-communications  Many students(must be millions or so) who have benefitted from their teachers engagement in GHOU  Curriculum/activities  Effective teacher workshops but soon to get much better
  6. 6. Some GHOU Accomplishments:  Amazing Curricula/activities – still growing!!  HOU-inspired activities are part of French and Bavarian official curriulum  Built up a resilient core of collaborators who are eager to hold workshops around the world  Able to form collaborative bonds to make GHOU even better  Amazing Curriculum/activities  Modeling Instruction Collaboration in the United States, and we hope we can share it around the world!
  7. 7. What is GHOU (cont): • Robotic Telescopes • Existing Data Archives (which may be updated continuously • , Existing and future (LSST!) Data Pipelines, • Satellites • Smart Phones Data (others)! • Teacher/leader Training • Produce amazing Activities, and Curriculum • Image processing software Salsa J and JS9 • Front ends/guides for data bases, • On-going teacher support and networks • GHOU tries to gently match and collaborate with Data folks and teachers/students GHOU Audiences • Classrooms- teachers and students, • After School leaders, sometimes museums and planetariums, • • networks of teachers (Modeling Instructors and American Association of Physics Teachers, • Earth Science Teachers • College Faculty and students
  8. 8. What GHOU Does/Wants to Do!  GHOU wants to help students do what an astronomer does!
  9. 9. Exemplary GHOU Activities: • Discover/measure the mass of the Black Hole in the Center of the Milky Way • Discover and analyze images of objects in the Universe. • Measure the mass of Jupiter by measuring moons. • Measure the amount of dark matter around a nearby galaxy • Make a scale model of the solar system, including playdoh (middle school too) All use Salsa J image processing, real data, measurement, model building, great pedagogy, ratios, proportions, linear and other equations and other math.
  10. 10. What GHOU Does/Wants to Do!  Improve students math and science skills and performance  Help them do a bit better on test scores/conceptual understanding, etc.! – at the end of the day, non-astronomy people will want these types of results – not that hard to get, and we need to consolidate these findings) • Middle School GHOU Example (“ASAMI After School Science and Math Integration”): • ASAMI Published Results (refereed journal and repeated in three classes) • 6 week ASAMI, two hours twice a week led to 43% improvement on Common Core Math Assessment Items. • 12 week ASAMI led to 93% improvement on Common Core test items. • Control group had half the gain.
  11. 11. What GHOU Does/Wants to Do!  Enable teachers and students to collect, analyze, and use digital astronomical data (robotic telescopes, data archives, shared data sets) – prepare for the LSST!  Continue Great Collaborations with impressive groups such as ASP, Faulkes Telescopes Network, LCOGT,, Harvard/SAO-MicroObservatory, Three Rivers Foundation and Commanche Springs Astronomy Campus, Western Kentucky University, Nuclio, MONET, Russ/Rachel, and many others!
  12. 12. 1 learn science by doing science problems incorporating discovery and and experiment design, analysis, and reporting topics that are motivating meaningful use of computers ① 2 ① 3 ① 4 Exemplary Aspects of GHOU
  13. 13. Some HOU/Berkeley Supernova Search Milestones  US HOU has reached about 1200 US teachers and eager to reach many more! (proposals in preparation)  GHOU  A GHOU teacher helped collect data for the discovery of the Accelerating Universe (Isaac Newton Tel.->Nobel Prize)
  14. 14. Some HOU/Berkeley Supernova Search Milestones  First (or nearly the first regular) student based asteroid discoveries –>IASC)  First student based supernova discoveries :
  15. 15. Science & Engineering Practices and US New Science Standards (NGSS)  Asking questions and defining problems  Developing and using models  Planning and carrying out investigations  Analyzing and interpreting data  Using mathematics / computational thinking  Construct explanations / design solutions (the word “model”s appears ~ 150 times in US Science Standards NGSS)  Engaging in argument from evidence  Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  16. 16.  IASC- International Asteroid Search Campaign: Based at Hardin Simmons Univ, Abilene Texas Discoveries below: # of MBAs = 1500 main belt asteroids discovered (six have names of High Schools) # of TNOs(Trans-Neptunian Objects) = 6 # of Comets = 1 # of NEO (Near Earth Objects) Measurements = 2,000 per year # of NEO Discoveries = 20 including 1 PHA (2009 BD81) # of Students = 5,000 per year # of Schools = 1000 per year # of Countries = 85
  17. 17. Asteroid Madisonville High:
  18. 18. Thinking a Bit about the Market and How to Reach Them!  After School  K-12 Formal (classroom) education  Astronomy Classes (~500-4000 ???) in United States – largely decimated by “standards movement” and a former President who did not believe in the Big Bang (“Fake News”?)  Earth and Space Science Classes – substantial potential here  Modeling Instruction Collaboration – 8500 teachers, and about 1800 physics teachers. They run self-sustaining teacher workshops!
  19. 19. Modeling Instruction  Students usually learn about 50% to 100% more in Modeling Pedagogy than with normal pedagogy.  Astronomy is a fantastic method to learn a lot of science, kids are engaged, and if with Modeling Pedagogy, they will learn a significant amount more than many other ways of teaching and learning.  We must make the case with administrators, parents, government!!  8500 Modelers, 13% of US Physics Teachers are Modelers… Amazing network!
  20. 20. What is Modeling Instruction? A research-based, proven effective teaching method that focuses on the construction, validation and application of the handful of Conceptual Models that form the content core of the discipline The Modeling Cycle  Build the model  Test the model  Apply the model Student-to-student communication is the key element of the learning environment
  21. 21. Why do they continue using Modeling instead of moving on to the next “educational flavor of the month??” A community of practice  AMTA – a teacher-created, teacher-led community, founded by teachers, for teachers in 2005.
  22. 22. Results of Modeling-HOU Workshop 2 weeks this June 2016 and 2 weeks in 2017: Goal: discover the Fundamental Principles of Astronomy  Elucidated “Fundamental Models of Astronomy” (“basis vector set”?) Concerning a Modeling Astronomy-Hands- On Universe Course – such models use many Fundamental Models of Physics – four guiding questions/units, now in development and pilot!  Units are based on NGSS elements for high school (& some middle school)
  23. 23. Future Plans and Action for Modeling Astronomy:  Build on alliances and networks and Earthlings from this conference!  Two proposals in process – one on Modeling- HOU Unification, one on DESI (Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument) – Adopt one of 30M measured galaxies!  2nd Pilot of the Modeling units this school year  Piloting with new teachers 2018-2019  More workshops for many moons following
  24. 24. GHOU Future Plans and Action: • Work on recruiting and proposing for potential Fullbright Fellowships for teachers from some nations to come to the US and take a 3-week Modeling Instruction Astronomy HOU workshop • Global Hands-On Oceans (GHOO) Go Norway!  • IASC-GTTP-GHOU Collaboration  • LCO/FTN And lots of Telescope Time and 50 Hours Project – 80 Hours for 80 Nations • Starting to expand upon Internet-video conferences – we had a very successful one last year for Uganda • Other methods to reach teachers!